Henry Home, Lord Kames


Henry Home, Lord Kames

Henry Home, Lord Kames (1696ndash December 27, 1782) was a Scottish philosopher of the 18th century. Born at Kames House, between Eccles and Birgham, Berwickshire, he became an advocate and was one of the leaders of the Scottish Enlightenment. In 1752, he was "raised to the bench", thus acquiring the title of Lord Kames.

Home wrote much about the importance of property to society. In his "Essay Upon Several Subjects Concerning British Antiquities", written just after the Jacobite revolt of 1745 he described how the politics of Scotland were not based on loyalty to Kings or Queens as Jacobites had said but on royal land grants given in return for loyalty.

In "Historical Law Tracts" and later in "Sketches on the History of Man" he described human history as having four distinct stages. The first was as a hunter gatherer where people avoided each other out of competition. The second stage he described was a herder of domestic animals which required forming larger societies. No laws were needed at these stages except those given by the head of the family or society. Agriculture was the third stage requiring greater cooperation and new relationships to allow for trade or employment (or slavery). He argued that 'the intimate union among a multitude of individuals, occasioned by agriculture' required a new set of rights and obligations in society. This requires laws and law enforcers. A fourth stage moves from villages and farms to seaports and market towns requiring yet more laws and complexity but also much to benefit from.

The above studies created the genre of the story of civilisation and defined the fields of anthropology and sociology and therefore the modern study of history for two hundred years.

Home was also on the panel of judges in the Joseph Knight case which ruled that there could be no slavery in Scotland.

He enjoyed intelligent conversation and cultivated a large number of intellectual associates, among them John Home, David Hume and James Boswell. [http://www.jamesboswell.info/People/people.php?person=57] . Lord Monboddo was also a frequent debater of Kames, although these two usually had a fiercely competitive and adversarial relationship.

His works included
*"Essays upon Several Subjects in Law" (1732)
*"Essays on the Principles of Morality and Natural Religion" (1751)
*"Principles of Equity" (1760)
*"Introduction to the Art of Thinking" (1761)
*"Elements of Criticism" (1762)
*"Sketches of the History of Man" (1776).

External links

* [http://www.jamesboswell.info/People/biography-57.php Henry Home, Lord Kames] at James Boswell - a Guide

* [http://oll.libertyfund.org/Home3/Author.php?recordID=0639 Henry Home (Lord Kames)] at [http://oll.libertyfund.org/Home3/index.php "The Online Library of Liberty"]


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  • Kames, Henry Home, Lord — ▪ Scottish lawyer and philosopher born 1696, Kames, Berwickshire, Scot. died Dec. 27, 1782, Edinburgh  lawyer, agriculturalist, and philosopher.       Kames was called to the bar in 1724 and was appointed a judge in the Court of Session in 1752.… …   Universalium

  • Kames, Henry Home, Lord — (1696 1782)    Miscellaneous writer, s. of Geo. H., of Kames, Berwickshire, was admitted an advocate in 1723, and raised to the Bench in 1752. In 1748 he pub. a collection of Decisions of the Court of Session. It is, however, on his philosophical …   Short biographical dictionary of English literature

  • KAMES, HENRY HOME, LORD —    Scottish judge and philosopher, born in Berwickshire; became an advocate in 1723 and judge in 1752; wrote books on law, Essays on Morality and Natural Religion, and other philosophical works, in which he indulged in a wide and often fanciful… …   The Nuttall Encyclopaedia

  • Lord Kames — Henry Home Henry Home, appelé aussi Lord Kames ( 1696 27 décembre 1782) était un philosophe écossais du siècle des Lumières. Né à Kames dans le Berwickshire, il devint avocat et l un des chefs de file des Lumières écossaises. Il acquit le titre… …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Henry Home — Henry Home, appelé aussi Lord Kames (1696 27 décembre 1782) était un philosophe écossais du siècle des Lumières. Né à Kames dans le Berwickshire, il devint avocat et l un des chefs de file des Lumières écossaises. Il acquit le titre de Lord en… …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Lord Kames — Archivo:Henry Home, Lord Kames.jpg Henry Home, Lord Kames. Henry Home, Lord Kames (leáse Henry Hume, 1696 – 27 de diciembre de 1782) fue un filósofo escocés del siglo XVIII. Nacido en Kames House, casa patronímica situada entre Eccles y Birgham,… …   Wikipedia Español

  • Henry Home — Kames (* 1696 in Berwickshire; † 27. Dezember 1782), späterer Lord Kames, war ein schottischer Jurist und Philosoph. Kames wurde 1724 bei Gericht zugelassen und 1752 zum Richter des schottischen Zivilgerichtshofs (Court of Session) sowie 1763 zum …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Henry Home Kames — (* 1696 in Berwickshire; † 27. Dezember 1782), späterer Lord Kames, war ein schottischer Jurist und Philosoph. Kames wurde 1724 bei Gericht zugelassen und 1752 zum Richter des schottischen Zivilgerichtshofs (Court of Session) sowie 1763 zum Lord… …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • John Home, Lord Renton — Sir John Home of Renton, Lord Renton (1600 July 13, 1671) [ Crawford, Donald, editor, Journals of Sir John Lauder, Lord Fountainhall 1665 1676 , Scottish History Society, 1900, p. 214] was appointed Lord Justice Clerk by King Charles II. He was… …   Wikipedia

  • Kames — can be: * Henry Home, Lord Kames, Scottish philosopher * Abdesalam Kames, Libyan footballer * Kames, East Ayrshire, Scotland * Kames, Argyll and Bute, Scotland * plural of kame, a glacial feature …   Wikipedia


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