John Granville


John Granville

John M. Granville (September 25 1974 – January 1 2008) was an American diplomat who worked in South Sudan. On January 1, 2008, he was killed in a shooting in Khartoum, Sudan at the age of 33.

Career

Granville grew up in Buffalo, New York. He was a graduate Canisius High School in 1993 and of Fordham University. In 2003, he graduated from Clark University with a Master of Arts degree in International Development and Social Change. He studied as a Fulbright Fellow in Africa. After school, Granville joined the Peace Corps and was sent to Cameroon for two years.

As a diplomat, Granville worked for the United States Agency for International Development in Kenya and Sudan. In his current assignment, he led a project to provide residents in South Sudan with 75,000 radios that could be powered by a crank generator or solar panels. The project was part of the preparations for the upcoming 2009 elections in South Sudan. [cite web|url=http://wlid.usaid.gov/activities.html|title=Current Democracy Fellows|publisher=USAID|accessdate=2008-01-02]

"He told his mom several times ... that it's dangerous, what he's doing, but he wouldn't want to be doing anything else," said U.S. Rep. Brian Higgins, who spoke with Granville's mother, Jane Granville, after her son's death. [cite news|url=http://ap.google.com/article/ALeqM5g1ancTu5BeKFzzIvwiesxv1Q_ztwD8TTDQQ80|title=Slain Diplomat Was Devoted to Africa|publisher=Associated Press|date=January 2, 2008|accessdate=2008-01-02|first=Carolyn|last=Thompson]

Attack

On January 1, 2008, Granville was attacked by gunmen while being driven home from a New Year's Eve party at the British Embassy in Khartoum. According to Sudanese officials, Granville was ambushed by two gunmen who stopped their car in front of his. His driver, Abdel Rahman Abbas, was killed immediately. Another gunman shot Granville in the neck and chest. He died a few hours later, after being taken to a hospital.

Ali Sadiq, a spokesman for Sudan's Foreign Ministry, has stated, "We do not know why this happened. All options are possible." However, other Sudanese officials have stated that gun crime is unusual in Khartoum. The United States State Department has refused to comment because their investigation is in progress. The attack follows a warning by the United Nations that a terrorist cell in Sudan was planning to attack foreigners.

Investigations

Both the US and the Sudanese government have announced investigations as to the causes of the shooting and efforts to find the perpetrators. [cite news|url=http://edition.cnn.com/2008/WORLD/africa/01/02/sudan.diplomat/|title=FBI to probe U.S. diplomat death|publisher=CNN|date=January 1, 2008|accessdate=2008-01-02] cite news|url=http://ap.google.com/article/ALeqM5h3ul4NKeFuLNaKiz6ZBRWmU-tEswD8TTS7281|title=Sudan Police Investigate American Death|publisher=Associated Press|date=January 2, 2008|accessdate=2008-01-02|first=Mohamed|last=Osman] The US effort will consist of a joint State Bureau of Diplomatic Security and Federal Bureau of Investigation team. [cite news|url=http://www.state.gov/r/pa/prs/dpb/2008/jan/98170.htm|title=State Daily Press Briefing|publisher=State Department|date=January 2, 2008|accessdate=2008-01-03]

Four days after the murders, a previously unknown militant group, Ansar al-Tawhid (Companions of Monotheism) claimed responsibility via a post on a website used by Islamists.cite news | first= | last= | coauthors= | title=Extremist Group Claims Killing of American Diplomat in Sudan | date=2008-01-05 | publisher=VOA News | url =http://voanews.com/english/2008-01-05-voa7.cfm | work = | pages = | accessdate = 2008-01-05 | language = ]

In September, five Sudanese men admitted their roles in the shooting in filmed confessions. [http://afp.google.com/article/ALeqM5gtAre1ZNphJ6x8JU5Uw63gTQepbQ]

Memorials

Granville's family in Buffalo said he was committed to his work in Africa.

"John's life was a celebration of love, hope and peace," a family statement said. "He will be missed by many people throughout the world whose lives were touched and made better because of his care."

On January 29th, 2008, City Honors School in Buffalo awarded John Granville their annual Martin Luther King Keeping The Dream Alive award.

On May 2, 2008, John Negroponte, Deputy Secretary of State, addressed the American Foreign Service Association's memorial plaque ceremony in which he and others honored John Granville. [http://www.state.gov/s/d/2008/104332.htm Remarks From The American Foreign Service Association's Memorial Plaque Ceremony]

ee also

* United States Agency for International Development (USAID)
* Elections in Sudan
* 1973 Khartoum diplomatic assassinations

References

*cite news|url=http://www.nytimes.com/2008/01/02/world/africa/02sudan.html?_r=1&hp&oref=slogin|title=U.S. Diplomat and Driver Are Shot Dead in Sudan|publisher=The New York Times|date=January 2, 2008|accessdate=2008-01-02|first=Jeffrey|last=Gettleman
*cite web|url=http://www.usaid.gov/press/releases/2008/ps080101.html|title=From Henrietta Fore, USAID Administrator, On USAID Officials Killed In Sudan| publisher=USAID| accessdate=2008-01-02


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