Fairfield, New York


Fairfield, New York

Infobox Settlement
official_name = Fairfield, New York
settlement_type = Town
nickname =
motto =



imagesize =
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pushpin_label_position =
pushpin_map_caption =Location within the state of New York
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mapsize =
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mapsize1 =
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subdivision_type = Country
subdivision_name = United States
subdivision_type1 = State
subdivision_name1 = New York
subdivision_type2 = County
subdivision_name2 = Herkimer
government_footnotes =
government_type =
leader_title =
leader_name =
leader_title1 =
leader_name1 =
established_title =
established_date =

unit_pref = Imperial
area_footnotes =

area_magnitude =
area_total_km2 = 107.0
area_land_km2 = 106.5
area_water_km2 = 0.5
area_total_sq_mi = 41.3
area_land_sq_mi = 41.1
area_water_sq_mi = 0.2

population_as_of = 2000
population_footnotes =
population_total = 1607
population_density_km2 = 15.1
population_density_sq_mi = 39.1

timezone = Eastern (EST)
utc_offset = -5
timezone_DST = EDT
utc_offset_DST = -4
elevation_footnotes =
elevation_m = 323
elevation_ft = 1060
latd = 43 |latm = 7 |lats = 29 |latNS = N
longd = 74 |longm = 56 |longs = 4 |longEW = W

postal_code_type = ZIP code
postal_code = 13406
area_code = 315
blank_name = FIPS code
blank_info = 36-24933
blank1_name = GNIS feature ID
blank1_info = 0978950
website =
footnotes =

Fairfield is a town in Herkimer County, New York, United States. The population was 1,607 at the 2000 census. The town is named after Fairfield, Connecticut.

The Town of Fairfield is north of the Village of Herkimer and east of Utica. The community of Fairfield is in the south central part of the town.

History

A few settlers, actually tenants, made the future town their home before the American Revolution, but the major influx occurred after 1785, mainly from New England.

The town was established from part of the Town of Norway in 1796.

From 1812 until 1841, the College of Physicians and Surgeons trained medical practitioners.

Geography

According to the United States Census Bureau, the town has a total area of 41.3 square miles (107.0 km²), of which, 41.1 square miles (106.6 km²) of it is land and 0.2 square miles (0.5 km²) of it (0.46%) is water.

The west town line is marked by the West Canada Creek. Fairfield is north of the Mohawk River, but does not border it.

New York State Route 29, an east-west highway crosses Fairfield. New York State Route 169 is a north-south highway in the western part of the town. New York State Route 170 is another north-south highway, but in the eastern part of Fairfield. New York State Route 170A is at the east town line.

Demographics

As of the censusGR|2 of 2000, there were 1,607 people, 561 households, and 430 families residing in the town. The population density was 39.1 people per square mile (15.1/km²). There were 611 housing units at an average density of 14.9/sq mi (5.7/km²). The racial makeup of the town was 98.44% White, 0.37% African American, 0.19% Native American, and 1.00% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 0.25% of the population.

There were 561 households out of which 35.8% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 64.2% were married couples living together, 7.8% had a female householder with no husband present, and 23.2% were non-families. 19.1% of all households were made up of individuals and 7.7% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.78 and the average family size was 3.17.

In the town the population was spread out with 26.3% under the age of 18, 7.0% from 18 to 24, 27.1% from 25 to 44, 25.8% from 45 to 64, and 13.8% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 38 years. For every 100 females there were 103.2 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 96.0 males.

The median income for a household in the town was $40,104, and the median income for a family was $45,069. Males had a median income of $31,992 versus $21,944 for females. The per capita income for the town was $15,603. About 9.0% of families and 11.6% of the population were below the poverty line, including 13.7% of those under age 18 and 13.0% of those age 65 or over.

Communities and locations in Fairfield

*Countryman -- A location near the west town line, southwest of Fairfield village.
*Dillenbeck Corners -- A location in the southeast part of the town on County Road 70.
*Eatonville -- A hamlet at the south town line on NY-169.
*Fairfield -- The hamlet of Fairfield is near the center of the town on NY-29 at the junction of County Roads 103 and 142.
*Goodell Corners -- A location in the southeast part of the town near the town line, located on NY-170 at NY-170A.
*Middleville -- Part of the Village of Middleville is within the west town line at the intersection of NY-29 and NY-169.
*Old City -- A hamlet at the northwest corner of the town on County Road 7.
*Welch Corners -- A location in the northwest corner of the town, south of Old City and located on NY-29.

References

External links

* [http://www.rootsweb.com/~nyherkim/fairfield.html History information about Fairfield, NY]
* [http://history.rays-place.com/ny/herk-fairfield.htm Early history of Fairfield, New York]


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