Lake Placid, New York


Lake Placid, New York

Infobox Settlement
official_name = Lake Placid, New York
settlement_type = Village
nickname =
motto =




imagesize =
image_caption = The lake after which the village is named


image_




mapsize = 250px
map_caption =
pushpin_



mapsize1 =
map_caption1 =

subdivision_type = Country
subdivision_name = United States
subdivision_type1 = State
subdivision_name1 = New York
subdivision_type2 = County
subdivision_name2 = Essex
government_footnotes =
government_type =
leader_title =
leader_name =
leader_title1 =
leader_name1 =
established_title =
established_date =

unit_pref = Imperial
area_footnotes =
area_magnitude =
area_total_km2 = 3.9
area_land_km2 = 3.6
area_water_km2 = 0.4
area_total_sq_mi = 1.5
area_land_sq_mi = 1.4
area_water_sq_mi = 0.1

population_as_of = 2000
population_footnotes =
population_total = 2638
population_density_km2 = 738.7
population_density_sq_mi = 1913.2

timezone = Eastern (EST)
utc_offset = -5
timezone_DST = EDT
utc_offset_DST = -4
elevation_footnotes =
elevation_m = 549
elevation_ft = 1801
latd = 44 |latm = 17 |lats = 8 |latNS = N
longd = 73 |longm = 59 |longs = 7 |longEW = W

postal_code_type = ZIP code
postal_code = 12946
area_code = 518
blank_name = FIPS code
blank_info = 36-40761
blank1_name = GNIS feature ID
blank1_info = 0954931
website =
footnotes =

Lake Placid is a village in the Adirondack Mountains in Essex County, New York, United States. As of the 2000 census, the village had a population of 2,638. Lake Placid is named after nearby Lake Placid.

The Village of Lake Placid is near the center of the Town of North Elba, 40 miles southwest of Plattsburgh. Lake Placid, along with nearby Saranac Lake and Tupper Lake, comprise what is known as the Tri-Lakes region.

History

Lake Placid was founded in the early 1800s to develop a mining operation based on iron ore discovered nearby. By 1840, the population of "North Elba" (four miles southeast of the present village near where the road to the Adirondack Loj crosses the Ausable River) consisted of six families. In 1845, Gerrit Smith arrived in North Elba and not only bought a great deal of land around the village, he also granted large tracts to his slaves, reforming the land law and reflecting his support of Abolitionism.

The abolitionist John Brown heard about Gerrit Smith's reforms, and left his anti-slavery activities in Kansas to buy convert|244|acre|km2|1 of land, which later became known as the "Freed Slave Utopian Experiment," "Timbucto". Upon his execution in 1859, John Brown asked to be buried on his farm, which is preserved as the John Brown Farm State Historic Site.

As leisure time increased in the late 19th century, Lake Placid was discovered by the rich and famous, who were drawn to the fashionable Lake Placid Club. Melvil Dewey, inventor of the Dewey Decimal System, designed what was then called "Placid Park Club" in 1895 and inspired the village to change its name to Lake Placid. Dewey kept the club open through the winter in 1905, which aided the development of winter sports in the area (although nearby Saranac Lake had hosted an international winter sporting event as early as 1889). By 1921, the area could boast a ski jump, speed skating venue and ski association, and in 1929, Dr. Godfrey Dewey, Melvil's son, was able to convince the International Olympic Committee (IOC) that Lake Placid had the best winter sports facilities in the nation. [Fea, John, in Findling, John E. and Pelle, Kimberly D., editors, "Encyclopedia of the Modern Olympic Movement", Greenwood Press, 2004. ISBN-13: 978-0313322785. p. 297] The Lake Placid Club was the headquarters for the IOC for the 1932 and the 1980 Winter Olympics in Lake Placid.

Lake Placid became an incorporated village in 1900.

Olympic History

Lake Placid is best known as the two-time site of the Winter Olympics. In the United States, the village is especially remembered as the site of the 1980 USA-USSR hockey game, the "Miracle on Ice," when a group of American college students and amateurs upset the heavily favored Soviet national ice hockey team 4-3 and two days later won the gold medal. The victory is often ranked as the greatest in American sports history. It is also the site of the Olympic Oval, where Eric Heiden won his five Olympic gold medals.

Lake Placid also hosted the 1932 Winter Olympics. Along with St. Moritz, Switzerland, and Innsbruck, Austria, it is one of the three places to have twice hosted the Winter Olympic Games. Lake Placid was the first location in North America to host two Olympic games. Los Angeles became the other when it hosted the Summer Olympic Games for the second time in 1984.

Jack Shea, a resident of the village, became the first person to win two gold medals when he doubled in speed skating at the 1932 Winter Olympics. He carried the Olympic torch through Lake Placid in 2002 shortly before his death. [ [http://news.bbc.co.uk/winterolympics2002/hi/english/skating/newsid_1776000/1776146.stm BBC Winter Olympics] ] His grandson, Jimmy Shea, competed in the 2002 Winter Olympics in Salt Lake City, Utah in his honor, winning gold in the Skeleton.

On November 20th, 1995, two-time Olympic Gold medalist Russian figure skater Sergei Grinkov collapsed and died from a massive heart attack while he and his wife were practicing in Lake Placid for their upcoming performance in the 1995-1996 Stars on Ice tour.

Recreational Opportunities

Lake Placid is well-known among winter sports enthusiasts for its skiing, both Alpine and cross-country. Whiteface Mountain (4,867 feet), in nearby Wilmington about convert|13|mi|km|0 from Lake Placid, offers skiing, hiking, gondola rides, and mountain biking, and is the only one of the High Peaks that can be reached via an auto road. The area has one of only three bobsled rides in the western hemisphere, and is one of the few places in the contiguous United States which offers dogsled and sleigh rides.

Many people use Lake Placid as a base from which to climb the forty-six High Peaks in the Adirondack Mountains; those who complete these climbs may join the Adirondack Forty-Sixers.

Lake Placid built its first golf course in 1898, one of the first in the United States, and has more golf courses than any other region in the Adirondacks. Many of its courses were designed by famous golf course architects such as John Van Kleek, Seymour Dunn, Alexander H. Findlay, and Alister MacKenzie. The geographic features of the Adirondacks were considered reminiscent of the Scotland mountains where the game was invented, and thus a fitting canvas for original play, or "mountain golf."

Lake Placid is near the West Branch of the Ausable River, a well-known stretch of water for fly fishing. More than six miles (10 km) of the West Branch is year-round catch-and-release, artificial-lures-only water.

Events

* Since 1999 it has been a site for the annual Ironman Triathlon, one of only six official Ironman Triathlons to be held in the continental U.S.
* ESPN's Great Outdoor Games were inaugurated here in July 2000; they were held in Lake Placid again the following year, but moved to Madison, Wisconsin, in 2002 and were eventually discontinued.
* The Lake Placid and I Love New York Horse Shows have been held at the North Elba Showgrounds for the past 37 years.
* Nearby Saranac Lake, New York hosts an Annual Winter Carnival, one of the oldest Winter Carnivals in the country, complete with an Ice Palace.
* Lake Placid is also home to the Lake Placid Sinfonietta, a professional summer chamber orchestra that has existed since 1917 and offers concerts lakeside.
* The Winter Empire State Games are held in Lake Placid every February.

Education

*Post-Secondary Education
**North Country Community College
*Primary & Secondary Education
**In Lake Placid, public education is administered by the Lake Placid Central School District.

Lake Placid is home to five private schools:
* Mountain Lake Academy
* National Sports Academy
* North Country School
* Northwood School
* St. Agnes School

Transportation

Lake Placid is served by nearby Adirondack Regional Airport in Saranac Lake, convert|16|mi|km|0 from the village. Lake Placid Airport, two miles south of the village, does not offer scheduled flights.

Other relatively nearby airports include Albany International Airport and Burlington International Airport. Lake Placid is also served by an Amtrak Thruway Motorcoach connection through Westport via limousine service. In addition, Lake Placid is served by Adirondack Trailways of the Trailways Transportation System.

Lake Placid is not located on any interstate highway. It can be reached from Interstate 87 to the east via New York State Route 73, New York State Route 86, and New York State Route 9N. County Roads 21, 31 and 35 also serve the community.

Geography

Lake Placid is located at coor dms|44|17|8|N|73|59|7|W|city (44.285691, -73.985404)GR|1.

According to the United States Census Bureau, the village has a total area of 1.5 square miles (3.9 km²), of which, 1.4 square miles (3.6 km²) is land, and 0.2 square miles (0.4 km²) (9.87%) is water.

The village is located near the south end of Lake Placid lake. More immediate to the village is Mirror Lake, which lies between the village and Lake Placid.

Demographics

As of the censusGR|2 of 2000, there were 2,638 people, 1,303 households, and 604 families residing in the village. The population density was 1,913.2 people per square mile (738.1/km²). There were 1,765 housing units at an average density of 1,280.1/sq mi (493.8/km²). The racial makeup of the village was 95.75% White, 0.68% African American, 0.45% Native American, 0.91% Asian, 0.57% Pacific Islander, 0.19% from other races, and 1.44% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 0.91% of the population.

There were 1,303 households, of which 22.3% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 34.1% were married couples living together, 8.4% had a female householder with no husband present, and 53.6% were non-families. 45.7% of all households were made up of individuals, and 16.9% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.02, and the average family size was 2.93.

The population was spread out with 22.4% under the age of 18, 8.5% from 18 to 24, 33.2% from 25 to 44, 19.3% from 45 to 64, and 16.6% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 37 years. For every 100 females there were 92.4 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 88.3 males.

The median income for a household in the village was $28,239, and the median income for a family was $43,042. Males had a median income of $26,585 versus $21,750 for females. The per capita income for the village was $18,507. About 8.5% of families and 13.2% of the population were below the poverty line, including 13.3% of those under age 18 and 17.8% of those age 65 or over.

References

External links

* [http://lakeplacid.com/village/ Official Website of the Village of Lake Placid]
* [http://www.lake-placid.ny.us/ Lake Placid information]
* [http://www.orda.org Lake Placid Olympic Authority]


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