- Keene, New York
official_name = Keene, New York
Mount Marcyfrom Mount Haystack
pushpin_map_caption =Location within the state of New York
subdivision_type = Country
subdivision_type1 = State
subdivision_type2 = County
subdivision_name2 = Essex
unit_pref = Imperial
area_total_km2 = 405.7
area_land_km2 = 404.2
area_water_km2 = 1.5
area_total_sq_mi = 156.6
area_land_sq_mi = 156.0
area_water_sq_mi = 0.6
population_as_of = 2000
population_total = 1063
population_density_km2 = 2.6
population_density_sq_mi = 6.8
timezone = Eastern (EST)
utc_offset = -5
timezone_DST = EDT
utc_offset_DST = -4
elevation_m = 414
elevation_ft = 1358
latd = 44 |latm = 13 |lats = 0 |latNS = N
longd = 73 |longm = 47 |longs = 18 |longEW = W
Keene is a
townin central Essex County, New York, United States. The population was 1,063 at the 2000 census. Keene is the home of Mount Marcy, the highest mountain in New York state, as well as the Great Rangeand 15 of the 46 High Peaks, and the Ausable Lakes, the source of the Ausable River. Trailheads for many of the High Peaks are located within the town, along with the Johns Brook Lodge of the Adirondack Mountain Club. All of the town is in the Adirondack Park, the largest state park in the nation.
The town is named after Keene,
New Hampshire. Early settlers began arriving around 1797 and built around Keene hamlet, with early industry based on lumberand iron ore. The Town of Keene was formed in 1808 from parts of Elizabethtown and Jay. In 1848, part of Keene was used to form the Town of North Elba. By the end of the 19th Century, Keene was primarily a tourist area.
According to the
United States Census Bureau, the town has a total area of 156.6 square miles (405.6 km²), of which 156.1 square miles (404.2 km²) is land and 0.6 square miles (1.5 km²) (0.37%) is water.
Many of the High Peaks of the
Adirondack Parkare in or near the town, including Mount Marcy, the highest elevation in New York. The Garden, one of the most popular trail heads in the Adirondacks, is located in the hamlet of Keene Valley, and is the eastern end of the Johns Brook Trail, leading to Johns Brook Lodge, Mount Marcy, and the heart of the High Peaks Region.
The East Branch of the Ausable River passes through the village, and Hull Falls is an attractive view.
New York State Route 9Nchanges from north-south to east-west south of Keene hamlet. New York State Route 73changes from east-west to north-south in the same place.
As of the
censusGR|2 of 2000, there were 1,063 people, 443 households, and 279 families residing in the town. The population densitywas 6.8 people per square mile (2.6/km²). There were 984 housing units at an average density of 6.3/sq mi (2.4/km²). The racial makeup of the town was 98.68% White, 0.09% African American, 0.19% Native American, 0.47% Asian, 0.09% from other races, and 0.47% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 0.38% of the population.
There were 443 households out of which 29.6% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 53.0% were married couples living together, 6.3% had a female householder with no husband present, and 37.0% were non-families. 31.4% of all households were made up of individuals and 13.5% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.30 and the average family size was 2.90.
In the town the population was spread out with 21.8% under the age of 18, 5.9% from 18 to 24, 22.3% from 25 to 44, 30.4% from 45 to 64, and 19.6% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 45 years. For every 100 females there were 85.8 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 85.1 males.
The median income for a household in the town was $34,226, and the median income for a family was $44,250. Males had a median income of $35,417 versus $22,083 for females. The
per capita incomefor the town was $17,037. About 1.4% of families and 4.7% of the population were below the poverty line, including none of those under age 18 and 5.1% of those age 65 or over.
Communities and locations in Keene
*Cascade — A former community in the western part of Keene.
*Glenmore — A former hamlet east of Keene village, located on County Road 13.
Great Range— A twelve-mile long mountain range that includes fifteen of the forty-six Adirondack High Peaks.
*Keene (formerly "Keene Center") — A hamlet in the north-central part of the town on Routes NY-73 and NY-9N.
*Keene Valley (formerly "Keene Flats") — A hamlet south of Keene village on NY-73. It has always been principally a vacation area.
*Lower Ausable Lake — A lake in the southwest part of Keene.
*Mount Marcy — The highest peak in the state is in the western part of the town, southwest of Keene Valley and St. Huberts.
*St. Huberts — A hamlet in the south part of the town on NY-73.
*Upper Ausable Lake — A lake partly in the town at the south town line.
* [http://www.co.essex.ny.us/keene.asp Town of Keene, NY]
* [http://www.keene-keenevalley.com Town of Keene information]
* [http://history.rays-place.com/ny/keen.htm Keene early history]
* [http://www.adkhistorycenter.org/esco/tow/keene.html Summary history of Keene]
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