- Pauline Koch
name = Pauline Einstein (née Koch)
image_size = 250px
caption = Pauline Einstein (née Koch)
birth_date = Birth date|1858|2|8
death_date = Death date and age|1920|2|20|1858|2|8
residence = Flag|Germany (1858-1895)
nationality = Flag|Germany
parents = Julius Derzbacher and Jette Bernheimer
Albert Einsteinand Maja Einstein
Pauline Einstein, née Koch, the mother of the great physicist
Albert Einstein, was born in Cannstatt, Württemberg, on February 8, 1858. [Short life history: Pauline Einstein [http://www.einstein-website.de/biographies/einsteinpauline_content.html] ] She was Jewishand had an older sister, Fanny, and two older brothers, Jacob and Caesar. Her parents were Julius Doerzbacher, who had accepted the family name Koch in 1842 and Jette Bernheimer. They had married in 1847. Pauline’s father was from Jebenhausen, now part of the city of Göppingen, and came from simple circumstances. Later he lived in Cannstatt and together with his brother Heinrich succeeded in making a considerable fortune in the corn trade. They even became “Royal Württemberg Purveyor to the Court”. Their mother was from Cannstatt and was a quiet and caring person.
At only 18 years old, Pauline married the merchant
Hermann Einsteinwho lived in Ulm. They got married in Cannstatt on August 8, 1876. After the marriage the young couple lived in Ulm, where Hermann became joint partner in a bed feathers company. Their son Albert was born on March 14, 1879. On the initiative of Hermann’s brother Jakob the family moved to Munichin the summer of 1880, where the two brothers together founded an electrical engineering company called [Cite book |title=Introducing Einstein|first=Joseph|last=Schwartz|authorlink=Joseph Schwartz|isbn=1-84046-667-7] Einstein & Cie. The second child of Hermann and Pauline was their daughter Maria (called Maja) was born in Munich on November 18, 1881. Pauline Einstein was a very well educated and quiet woman who had an inclination towards the arts. When her duties in the household allowed it she was an assiduous and good piano player. She made Albert begin with violin lessons at the age of five. Her patience was characteristic for Pauline.
The factory of Hermann and Jakob was moved to
Pavia, Italy in 1894. Hermann, Maja and Pauline moved to Milanin the same year and one year later moved to Pavia. Albert stayed with relatives in Munich to continue his education there. The separation from her son was certainly difficult for Pauline.Due to poor business, the brothers had to abandon their factory in 1896. Though Hermann had lost most of their money, he founded (without his brother) another electrical engineering company in Milan. This time business was better. But Hermann's health had gone downhill, and he died of heart failure in Milan on October 10, 1902.
From 1903 on Pauline lived with her sister Fanny and her husband Rudolf Einstein in Hechingen, Württemberg. Fanny's daughter Elsa became the second wife of Albert in 1919.In 1910 Pauline moved with her sister Fanny and her family to
Berlin. She took on a job as housekeeper in Heilbronn, Württembergin 1911. She lived with her brother Jacob Koch and his family in Zurichafter 1914.
During World War I Pauline fell ill with cancer.
In 1918, when visiting her daughter Maja and son-in-law Paul Winteler in Luzern, Pauline was taken to the sanatorium Rosenau there due to her illness. At the end of 1919 Albert took his terminally ill mother out of the sanatorium in
Luzernand brought her to Haberlandstrasse 5, Berlin to stay with him and his second wife Elsa. There Pauline died.
* [http://www.einstein-website.de/biographies/einsteinpauline_content.html Pauline's fact file on the Albert Einstein website]
* [http://www.links.org/links-cgi/readged?/home/camilla/links-data+c-koch332+1-1-0-1 See Pauline's ancestry Here]
* [http://familytrees.genopro.com/mell/einstein/default.htm?page=Koch-Pauline-ind00004.htm See Pauline's family tree here]
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