- United Kingdom and United States military ranks compared
= UK and US Officer Ranks Compared =
(Rank codes are at each side of the table.)
Not listed are U.S. warrant officers. In accordance with [http://www.usapa.army.mil/pdffiles/r135%5F100.pdf Army Regulation (AR) 135-100] , Department of the Army Pamphlet (DA Pam) 600-11 and Army Field Manual (FM) 22-100 (para A-3) [http://www.usawoa.org/ArmyWOdefined.htm] , a warrant officer is an officer who can and does command, carry out military justice actions and sits both selection and promotion boards. A warrant officer is a single-track specialty officer, initially appointed by the Secretary of the Army, he/she receives a commission upon promotion to Chief Warrant Officer Two (CW2).
Notes to table above
#RAF-style ranks are also used by the
Royal Australian Air Force, Royal New Zealand Air Force, Nigerian Air Force, Indian Air Force, Pakistan Air Force, Bangladesh Air Forceand Sri Lanka Air Force. The Ghana Air Forceand Air Force of Zimbabwe(previously Royal Rhodesian Air Force) also use the same basic system, but replace Pilot Officer and Flying Officer with Air Sub Lieutenantand Air Lieutenant. The Royal Thai Air Forceuses the RAF ranks also. The Royal Canadian Air Forceand Royal Malaysian Air Forcealso previously used the system.
#OF-10 ranks in the United States can only be attained during war time. This is also now generally the case in the UK, although provision is made to award them under special circumstances in peacetime (no promotions to these ranks have been made since they were generally suspended in 1997).
#The Royal Marines rank alongside their army equivalents. However, when borne on the books of any of HM Ships or Naval Establishments Royal Marines are subject to the Naval Discipline Act 1957; in those circumstances, many officer ranks in the Royal Marines formerly enjoyed greater status.
Second Lieutenants were equivalent to Sub Lieutenants and ranks from Lieutenantto Majorwere considered equivalent to one rank higher (OF-2 to OF-4). Lieutenant Colonels were considered equivalent to RN Captains with less than six years in the rank, and Colonels were equivalent to Captains with more than six years seniority. Higher ranks followed the equivalence on the table above. This state of affairs ended on 1 July 1999, when Royal Marine officer ranks were fully aligned with those of the Army.
#Not used in the Royal Marines. Royal Marines officers join as Second Lieutenants; after two years service, provided that Phase 2 training has been successfully completed, they are promoted to the rank of Lieutenant (if under 21 at the time of joining) or Captain (if 21 or older at the time of joining).
#No longer used in the Royal Navy. Officers join
BRNC Dartmouthas Midshipmen (if non-graduates) or Sub-Lieutenants (if graduates), but use the non-substantive rank of Officer Cadet during the pre-Initial Sea Training phase.
#Depends on Officer commissioning Program, Naval Academy, Merchant Marine Academy and
NROTCare MIDN; U.S. Coast Guard Academyare Cadets, [U.S. Navy Seaman-to-Admiral 21 (STA-21), and Officer Candidate Schoolare OC.
#Note that the U.S. military usually uses O-1 to O-10 to symbolize officers, and not the NATO codes of OF-1 to OF-10 in which all subaltern officers are classed as OF-1 (O-1 and O-2 in US). O-11 is sometimes used for the U.S. OF-10 ranks, but is not official.
US "Enlisted" and UK "Other" ranks compared
Comparison between other ranks is equally simple, UK and US ranks being categorised in the NATO rank code system OR-1 to OR-9. Ranks with the same code are equivalent.
Notes to table above
#Note that the British Armed Forces do not actually use the term Enlisted Ranks. The equivalent in the Royal Navy is Ratings and in the other services is
Other Ranks(divided into Warrant Officers, Non-Commissioned Officers and Soldiers).
Warrant Officerin UK service is a senior non-commissioned rank not comparable to the various grades of Warrant Officer in the US, although holding the Queen's Warrant and with certain privileges similar to those of officers. In the Army and Royal Marines, they are referred to by their appointment, of which there are many (for example, Regimental Sergeant Majoris a WO1 appointment). The US rank is held by single track career specialists (ranking between Enlisted Ranks and 2nd Lieutenant) and have no NATO equivalent. A RN Warrant Officer Class 1 incorporated the former rank of Fleet Chief Petty Officer.
#The RN created the rate of Warrant Officer Class 2 on 1 April 2004. Previously, there was a rate of
Charge Chief Petty Officer, who usually ranked as OR-7, although above other CPOs. A Charge Chief Artificer (a highly-qualified technical CCPO) could be given a NATO OR-8 status, but still ranked below WO2 in the Army and Royal Marines. On the creation of WO2, all CCPOs were upgraded to this rate.
#British Sergeants/Petty Officers are seen as equal to E5 "and" E6 although Corporals "as well as" Sergeants may be appointed to an official OR-5 (i.e. E-5) military role as is suited to the particular situation.
#From April 1, 1999 Able Rating and Ordinary Rating merged and the rate Operator Maintainer was created to replace them, Marine 1st Class and Marine 2nd Class merged, and Junior Rating and Junior Marine were abolished.
#Technical trades and musicians only. Obsolescent rank (no promotions since 2005).
#The most senior WO1s are, in descending order, the Conductors (Cdr) of the
Royal Logistic Corps, the Academy Sergeant Major(AcSM), and the Garrison Sergeant Major(GSM) of the London District
#The rank of Junior Corporal is used by the RAF Section of the
Combined Cadet Forceas an equivalent to OR-3.
Regimental Sergeant Major(RSM), Garrison Sergeant Major(GSM), and Household CavalryRegimental Corporal Major (RCM). These appointments are similar in function to the equivalent US rank indicated, but are equal in rank to other WO1 appointments.
Company Sergeant Major(CSM), Squadron Sergeant Major (SSM), Royal ArtilleryBattery Sergeant Major (BSM), Household CavalrySquadron Corporal Major (SCM), and Band Sergeant Major. These appointments are similar in function to the equivalent US rank indicated, but are equal in rank to other WO2 appointments.
Staff Sergeants can also hold other appointments, such as Company Quartermaster Sergeant.
#Brigade of Guards.
# The alternatives to the rank of Private are as follows:
Air Trooper(ATpr) in the Army Air Corps;
#*Craftsman (Cfn) in the
Royal Electrical and Mechanical Engineers;
Fusilier(Fus) in Fusilier regiments;
#*Guardsman (Gdsm) in
#*Gunner (Gnr) in the
Royal Artilleryand Royal Horse Artillery;
#*Highlander in The
Highlanders (Seaforth, Gordons and Camerons);
#*Kingsman in the
#*Musician (Mus) in the
Corps of Army Music;
Rifleman(Rfm) in The Rifles;
Sapper(Spr) in the Royal Engineers;
Signaller(Sig) in the Royal Corps of Signals;
Trooper(Tpr) in the Household Cavalry, Royal Armoured Corps, Honourable Artillery Companyand Special Air Service;
#* Where appropriate: Drummer (Dmr), Trumpeter (Tptr), Bugler, or Piper (Ppr).1
#In the USMC, the OR-8 ranks and OR-9 ranks are equivalent, but on separate tracks. (I.E. a MSgt is promoted directly to MGySgt)
Comparative military ranks
Ranks and insignia of NATO
British Army officer rank insignia
U.S. Army officer rank insignia
U.S. Army enlisted rank insignia
* [http://www.uniforminsignia.net/index.php World Rank Insignia]
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