- Bottomless Lakes State Park
name = Bottomless Lakes State Park
category_iucn = V
country = United States
state = New Mexico
state_type = State
region_type = County
lat_d = 33
lat_m = 19
lat_s = 09
lat_NS = N
long_d = 104
long_m = 19
long_s = 54
long_EW = W
map_locator = New Mexico
Bottomless Lakes State Park, established in 1933, was the first
state parkin the U.S. stateof New Mexico. [ [http://www.emnrd.state.nm.us/PRD/bottomless.htm bottomless ] ] It is located along the Pecos River, about convert|15|mi|km southeast of Roswell, New Mexico. It takes its name from nine small, deep lakes located along the eastern escarpmentof the Pecos River valley. The escarpment is an ancient limestone reef, similar to the limestone mountains around Carlsbad Caverns, convert|80|mi|km to the south. Cavesformed within the limestone, and as the Pecos River eroded the escarpment, the caves eventually collapsed, leaving behind several deep, almost circular lakes known as cenotes. [ [http://geoinfo.nmt.edu/tour/state/bottomless_lakes/home.html NMBGMR Geologic Tour: Bottomless Lakes State Park ] ] Most of the lakes are almost completely surrounded by cliffs, with the notable exceptions being Lea Lake and Lazy Lagoon. Lea lake has a large, sandy shoreline on the western side and tall cliffs on the eastern side. The cliffs around Lazy Lagoon have been completely eroded away by the Pecos River, and the lake sits in a former channel of the river. Lazy Lagoon is also the largest of the lakes, with a surface area of approximately 26 acres. Although it is a single lake, it is actually made up of three separate sink holes. The surface of the Lazy Lagoon is nearly level with the surrounding salt flats, which makes it look very shallow. In actuality, the deepest of its three sink holes is convert|90|ft|m deep. [ [http://geoinfo.nmt.edu/tour/state/bottomless_lakes/home.html NMBGMR Geologic Tour: Bottomless Lakes State Park ] ]
Lea Lake is the only lake in which swimming is allowed, and it has a beach and concession area which is popular in the summer. Seven of the other lakes are protected, although in recent years the lakes have been contaminated by trash that has been thrown into the lakes by careless visitors. The ninth and southernmost lake, Dimmit Lake, is not a part of the state park and is owned by a local hunting and fishing club.
Devil's Inkwell is the smallest of the lakes, with a surface area of only convert|0.36|acre|m2. It gets its name from the dark color of the water which is caused by the steep sides of the cenote and algae growth within the lake. In the winter, Devil's Inkwell and Cottonwood Lake are both stocked with Rainbow Trout.
Figure Eight lake is actually two lakes separated by the thin strip of land. When the water is very high the strip of land is covered, and the two nearly circular lakes join and take the shape the a figure eight. Irrigation in the Pecos Valley has lowered the water table, so the two lakes of Figure Eight lake rarely join to form a single lake anymore.
Pasture lake is the shallowest of the lakes, at only convert|18|ft|m deep with a surface area of convert|0.76|acre|m2.
Four endangered species can be found in the park. The Pecos
Pupfishand the Rainwater Killifishare both endangered species of fish, and the Cricket Frogand the Eastern Barking Frogalso live in the park.
The lakes are not fed by streams, and the
evaporationrate of the lakes in the hot desertclimate exceeds the rate at which rainwaterrefills them. The lakes are fed by underground water percolatingthrough the rocks and into the lakes. The high evaporation rate makes the water in the lakes brackish.
* [http://maps.google.com/maps?f=q&hl=en&geocode=&time=&date=&ttype=&q=bottomless+lakes,+nm&sll=33.457188,-105.735469&sspn=0.009363,0.020084&ie=UTF8&ll=33.336803,-104.332609&spn=0.018752,0.040169&t=h&z=15&om=1 Google Maps satellite view of Bottomless Lakes]
* [http://www.emnrd.state.nm.us/PRD/bottomless.htm Bottomless Lakes on the New Mexico State Parks website]
* [http://geoinfo.nmt.edu/tour/state/bottomless_lakes/home.html New Mexico Tech article about Bottomless Lakes]
Wikimedia Foundation. 2010.
Look at other dictionaries:
Coyote Creek State Park — Coordinates: 35°55′12″N 105°9′50″W / 35.92°N 105.16389°W / 35.92; 105.16389 … Wikipedia
Cimarron Canyon State Park — Coordinates: 36°32′16″N 105°10′30″W / 36.53778°N 105.175°W / 36.53778; 105.175 … Wikipedia
Cerrillos Hills State Park — Coordinates: 35°28′0″N 106°9′0″W / 35.466667°N 106.15°W / 35.466667; 106.15 … Wikipedia
Manzano Mountains State Park — Coordinates: 34°36′12″N 106°21′41″W / 34.60333°N 106.36139°W / 34.60333; 106.36139 … Wikipedia
Clayton Lake State Park — Coordinates: 36°34′42″N 103°18′22″W / 36.57833°N 103.30611°W / 36.57833; 103.30611 … Wikipedia
Morphy Lake State Park — Coordinates: 35°56′31″N 105°23′51″W / 35.94194°N 105.3975°W / 35.94194; 105.3975 … Wikipedia
Oliver Lee Memorial State Park — Coordinates: 32°44′48″N 105°54′58″W / 32.74667°N 105.91611°W / 32.74667; 105.91611 … Wikipedia
City of Rocks State Park — For other places with the same name, see City of Rocks National Reserve. Coordinates: 32°35′24″N 107°58′33″W / 32.59°N 107.97583°W … Wikipedia
Mesilla Valley Bosque State Park — Coordinates: 32°19′0″N 106°45′0″W / 32.316667°N 106.75°W / 32.316667; 106.75 … Wikipedia
Oasis State Park — Coordinates: 34°15′28″N 103°20′56″W / 34.25778°N 103.34889°W / 34.25778; 103.34889 … Wikipedia