- Harford, New York
official_name = Harford, New York
pushpin_map_caption =Location within the state of New York
subdivision_type = Country
subdivision_type1 = State
subdivision_type2 = County
subdivision_name2 = Cortland
unit_pref = Imperial
area_total_km2 = 62.6
area_land_km2 = 62.6
area_water_km2 = 0.0
area_total_sq_mi = 24.2
area_land_sq_mi = 24.2
area_water_sq_mi = 0.0
population_as_of = 2000
population_total = 920
population_density_km2 = 14.7
population_density_sq_mi = 38.1
timezone = Eastern (EST)
utc_offset = -5
timezone_DST = EDT
utc_offset_DST = -4
elevation_m = 473
elevation_ft = 1552
latd = 42 |latm = 26 |lats = 18 |latNS = N
longd = 76 |longm = 11 |longs = 59 |longEW = W
Harford is a
townin Cortland County, New York, United States. The population was 920 at the 2000 census.
The Town of Harford is in the southwest part of Cortland County and is south of the City of Cortland.
Harford was in the former
Central New York Military Tractin a tract Township called "Virgil." The town was first settled around 1803.
The town was established in 1845 from part of the Town of Virgil.
By 1865, the population was 888.
1970s, Cornell Universitybought extensive tracts of land for livestockresearch.
According to the
United States Census Bureau, the town has a total area of 24.2 square miles (62.6 km²), all of it land. New York State Route 38runs diagnonally across the southwest corner of Harford. New York State Route 200intersects New York State Route 221east of Harford village.
The East Branch of the Owego Creek flows southward through the town. Because of the steep hills in the north of the town, the larger settlements are in the south part.
As of the
censusGR|2 of 2000, there were 920 people, 341 households, and 246 families residing in the town. The population densitywas 38.1 people per square mile (14.7/km²). There were 363 housing units at an average density of 15.0/sq mi (5.8/km²). The racial makeup of the town was 97.72% White, 1.30% African American, 0.22% Native American, 0.11% Asian, and 0.65% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 0.22% of the population.
There were 341 households out of which 36.1% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 59.8% were married couples living together, 8.2% had a female householder with no husband present, and 27.6% were non-families. 21.1% of all households were made up of individuals and 7.9% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.70 and the average family size was 3.15.
In the town the population was spread out with 30.0% under the age of 18, 6.1% from 18 to 24, 27.5% from 25 to 44, 25.0% from 45 to 64, and 11.4% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 36 years. For every 100 females there were 99.6 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 100.6 males.
The median income for a household in the town was $33,750, and the median income for a family was $41,111. Males had a median income of $29,044 versus $20,673 for females. The
per capita incomefor the town was $16,346. About 6.0% of families and 8.3% of the population were below the poverty line, including 4.5% of those under age 18 and 6.9% of those age 65 or over.
Communities and locations in Harford
*Griggs Gulf -- A small valley north of Harford Mills.
*Harford -- The hamlet of Harford, located on NY Route 38, is in the southwest part of the town.
*Harford Mills (formerly "South Harford") -- A hamlet, southeast of Harford village, is near the south town line.
* [http://www.cortland-co.org/towns/Harford.htm Town of Harford]
* [http://history.rays-place.com/ny/hartford-ny.htm Early history of Hartford, NY]
* [http://www.cortlandbusiness.com/county/profiles/harford.html Town of Harford information]
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