Qutrit


Qutrit

A qutrit is a unit of quantum information. Just as the qubit is analogous to the classical bit, the qutrit is analogous to the classical trit. A qutrit is 3-level, or ternary system which has 3 basis states, often denoted |0 angle , |1 angle and |2 angle. Unlike the trit, and like its cousin the qubit, a qutrit can exist in superpositions of the three basis states. Consequently, a string of n qutrits is able to represent 3^n different states simultaneously.

Since basis states in quantum systems must be orthogonal to be reliably distinguished, the qutrit's basis states must also be orthogonal. Qubits achieve this by utilizing Hilbert space H_2, corresponding to spin-up and spin-down. Qutrits require a Hilbert space of higher dimension, namely H_3.

As with qubits, a qutrit can be expressed as a linear combination of the basis states, given as:


|psi angle = alpha |0 angle + eta |1 angle + gamma |2 angle.

Qutrits have several peculiar features when used for storing quantum information. For example, they are more robust to decoherence under certain environmental interactions. [A. Melikidze, V. V. Dobrovitski, H. A. De Raedt, M. I. Katsnelson, and B. N. Harmon, "Parity effects in spin decoherence", Phys. Rev. B 70, 014435 (2004) ( [http://link.aps.org/doi/10.1103/PhysRevB.70.014435 link] )] In reality, manipulating qutrits directly might be tricky, and one way to do that is by using an entanglement with a qubit. [B. P. Lanyon,1 T. J. Weinhold, N. K. Langford, J. L. O'Brien, K. J. Resch, A. Gilchrist, and A. G. White, "Manipulating Biphotonic Qutrits", Phys. Rev. Lett. 100, 060504 (2008) ( [http://link.aps.org/abstract/PRL/v100/e060504 link] )]

References

* [http://www.physorg.com/news123244300.html Physicists Demonstrate Qubit-Qutrit Entanglement] by Lisa Zyga at Physorg.com, February 26, 2008 . Accessed March 2008


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