Auburn, New York


Auburn, New York

Infobox Settlement
official_name = Auburn, New York
settlement_type = City
nickname =
motto =



imagesize =
image_caption =


image_

|pushpin_

pushpin_label_position =
pushpin_map_caption =Location within the state of New York
pushpin_mapsize =


mapsize =
map_caption =


mapsize1 =
map_caption1 =

subdivision_type = Country
subdivision_name = United States
subdivision_type1 = State
subdivision_name1 = New York
subdivision_type2 = County
subdivision_name2 = Cayuga
government_footnotes =
government_type =
leader_title = Mayor
leader_name = Michael Quill
leader_title1 =
leader_name1 =
established_title =
established_date =

unit_pref = Imperial
area_footnotes =
area_magnitude =
area_total_km2 = 21.8
area_land_km2 = 21.7
area_water_km2 = 0.1
area_total_sq_mi = 8.4
area_land_sq_mi = 8.4
area_water_sq_mi = 0.0

population_as_of = 2000
population_footnotes =
population_total = 28574
population_density_km2 = 1314.8
population_density_sq_mi = 3405.3

timezone = Eastern (EST)
utc_offset = -5
timezone_DST = EDT
utc_offset_DST = -4
elevation_footnotes =
elevation_m = 209
elevation_ft = 686
latd = 42 |latm = 56 |latNS = N
longd = 76 |longm = 34 |longEW = W

postal_code_type = ZIP codes
postal_code = 13021, 13022, 13024
area_code = 315
blank_name = FIPS code
blank_info = 36-03078
blank1_name = GNIS feature ID
blank1_info = 0942692
website =
footnotes =

Auburn (Áhsku•ˀ [Rudes, B. "Tuscarora English Dictionary" Toronto: University of Toronto Press, 1999] in Tuscarora) is a city in Cayuga County, New York, United States of America. As of the 2000 census, the city had a population of 28,574. It is the county seat of Cayuga CountyGR|6.

The City of Auburn is the home town to the Auburn Doubledays minor league baseball team, which is owned by the municipality.

History

Early history

The city of Auburn was founded in 1793, before the creation of Cayuga County, by John L. Hardenbergh, a veteran of the American Revolution, who is now buried in Auburn's Fort Hill Cemetery. The community grew up around a mill constructed by Hardenbergh. Originally known as "Hardenbergh's Corners" in the Town of Aurelius, the settlement was renamed "Auburn" in 1805 when it became the county seat. Auburn became an incorporated village in 1815, and Auburn received its charter as a city in 1848.

From to 1818 to 1939, Auburn was home to Auburn Theological Seminary, one of the preeminent theological seminaries in the United States. In 1939, facing financial difficulties, the Auburn Theological Seminary moved to the campus of Union Theological Seminary in New York City. The only building from the Auburn Theological Seminary that stands today is Willard Memorial Chapel on Nelson Street, designed by Louis C. Tiffany. It is the only complete, unaltered Tiffany chapel known to exist.

Auburn prison (Auburn Correctional Facility)

In 1816, Auburn Prison (now Auburn State Correctional Facility) was founded as a model for the contemporary ideas about treating prisoners, known now as the Auburn System. Visitors were charged a fee for viewing the facility and its inmates. On August 6, 1890, the first execution by the electric chair was carried out at Auburn Prison. In 1901, Leon Czolgosz, assassin of U.S. President William McKinley, was executed at Auburn Prison. Although the ideas of the Auburn System have been abandoned, the prison continues to serve as a maximum security facility.

Notable residents of Auburn

*William Kemmler, Though not a life-long resident of Auburn, he was a resident of the local Auburn Prison, and was the first person in the world be to executed by electric chair.
*Abner Doubleday, general, for many years credited as the creator of baseball
*John Beardsley, lawyer, judge, New York State Senator, warden of Auburn state prison
*Samuel Blatchford, U.S. Supreme Court Justice, practiced law in Auburn
*Willard Bundy invented the first time clock in 1888 in Auburn.
*John Chester Buttre, an artist best known as the publisher of "The American Portrait Gallery", was born in Auburn. cite book | title = Who Was Who in America, Historical Volume, 1607-1896 | publisher = Marquis Who's Who | location=Chicago | date = 1963]
*Diocesian Lewis, (1823-1886), born in Auburn, doctor and noted advocate of temperance and exercise.
*Theodore Case, who developed the first commercially successful system of recording sound on film.
*Jerome H. Holland, the first African-American board member of the American Stock Exchange, was an Auburn native.
*Nathaniel B. Eldredge, (1813-1893), born in Auburn, United States Congressman from Michigan
*Birdsill Holly, born in Auburn, supposed inventor of the fire hydrant.
*Thomas Y. Howe, Jr., (1801-1860), born in Auburn, mayor of Auburn and United States Congressman from New York.
*James Lockhart, (1806-1857), born in Auburn, United States Congressman from Indiana.
*Manowar, a heavy metal band, is based in Auburn.
*Truman A. Merriman, (1839-1892), born in Auburn, United States Congressman from New York.
*Jerry O'Neil, a NASCAR driver, also calls Auburn home.
*Theodore Pomeroy, Speaker of the United States House of Representatives and mayor of Auburn.
*William H. Seward, Secretary of State under Abraham Lincoln arranged the purchase of Alaska (known at the time as "Seward's Folly").
*Harriet Tubman, an African American freedom-fighter and escaped slave, who brought many people to the North to escape slavery, formed a friendship with William Seward and spent the last years of her life in Auburn. She and Seward (including much of his family) are buried in Fort Hill Cemetery.
*Avery Robert Dulles,(born August 24, 1918), Catholic priest and member of the Society of Jesus, theologian, cardinal of the Roman Catholic Church.
*John Walsh, host of America's Most Wanted.
*Martha Coffin Wright, an early feminist and participant in the Seneca Falls convention was also an Auburn resident.
*Mark Jindrak, former WWE superstar (Jindrak was originally from nearby Port Byron, New York)
*Greg Downing, professional lacrosse player
*Peter M. Kurtz, came to Auburn, NY at the age of 10 years old from Germany, Youngest Composer of Broadway, Musical Director of the first American Production of the play Peer Gynt.
*Bob Mosher, Joe Connelly's TV and film co-writer was born here on January 18,1915.
*Tim Rice, Federal Judge, born in Auburn.
*Ulysses F. Doubleday represented Auburn, New York,for four years in the United States Congress
* Sylvester Willard, physician, industrialist and philanthropist.

Geography

Auburn is located at coor dms|42|55|54|N|76|33|53|W|city (42.931660, -76.564770)GR|1. The city is located north of Owasco Lake, one of the Finger Lakes.

According to the United States Census Bureau, the city has a total area of 8.4 square miles (21.8 km²), of which, 8.4 square miles (21.7 km²) of it is land and 0.04 square miles (0.1 km²) of it (0.47%) is water.

Owasco Outlet is a stream flowing northward through the city.

US 20 is an important east-west highway passing through the city, and New York State Route 34 and New York State Route 38 are north-south highways that intersect US-20 in Auburn.

Demographics

As of the censusGR|2 of 2000, there were 28,574 people, 11,411 households, and 6,538 families residing in the city. The population density was 3,405.3 people per square mile (1,315.0/km²). There were 12,637 housing units at an average density of 1,506.0/sq mi (581.5/km²). The racial makeup of the city was 88.57% White, 7.59% African American, 0.29% Native American, 0.57% Asian, 0.02% Pacific Islander, 1.41% from other races, and 1.55% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 2.82% of the population.

There were 11,411 households out of which 28.1% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 37.3% were married couples living together, 14.7% had a female householder with no husband present, and 42.7% were non-families. 36.3% of all households were made up of individuals and 16.6% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.27 and the average family size was 2.98.

In the city the population was spread out with 22.8% under the age of 18, 9.3% from 18 to 24, 30.3% from 25 to 44, 19.8% from 45 to 64, and 17.8% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 37 years. For every 100 females there were 99.0 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 97.8 males.

The median income for a household in the city was $30,281, and the median income for a family was $41,169. Males had a median income of $32,349 versus $23,330 for females. The per capita income for the city was $17,083. About 12.5% of families and 16.5% of the population were below the poverty line, including 23.9% of those under age 18 and 10.2% of those age 65 or over.

References

External links

* [http://auburnny.virtualtownhall.net/ City of Auburn]
* [http://www.auburnhighschool.com/ Auburn High School]
* [http://www.auburnian.com/ The Auburnian - News, views and opinion of Auburn, NY]
* [http://www.SpringsideInn.com/ Historic Springside Inn and Restaurant]
* [http://www.essentialnyjobs.com/index.php?thes=0&regionkey=11&submit=GO&searchterms= Job Search Engine for Auburn and Central New York]
* [http://www.rootsweb.com/~nycayuga/church/willard.htm Willard Memorial Chapel]
* [http://cayuganet.org/cayugamuseum/ Cayuga Museum and Theodore Case Labs]
* [http://www.auburnplayers.net/ Auburn Players Community Theatre]


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