- Spinning roller coaster
A spinning roller coaster is a
roller coasterwith cars that rotate on a vertical axis.
The first spinning roller coaster was the Virginia Reel, first built in 1908 by Henry Riehl. Instead of trains, the ride had "tubs" with seats built around the perimeter facing inward. These tubs spun freely on their chassis as they traveled down the track, which was trough-like and similar to that of a
side friction roller coaster. Virginia Reels did not have big hills or drops, but rather many sharp turns. Toward the end were two helices, and finally a drop into a dark tunnel. The last Virginia Reel closed at Pleasure Beach Blackpoolin 1982. [cite book
title=The American Roller Coaster
publisher=MBI Publishing Company
url = http://books.google.com/books?id=NoeG5n87dWQC&pg=PT22&lpg=PT22&dq=%22virginia+reel%22+coaster&source=web&ots=_DZyFqcwFr&sig=RfObGa0UAIhaZWWzXdhsVpwIcNg
accessdate = 2008-02-28 ] [cite news
title =Luna Park Goes Through a Little Extra Housecleaning
pages = SM6
publisher = The New York Times
date = 1908-04-26
url = http://query.nytimes.com/gst/abstract.html?res=9A00E3DD1631E233A25755C2A9629C946997D6CF
accessdate =2008-02-28] [cite web
title = Pleasure Beach Postcards — Virginia Reel
accessdate = 2008-02-28 ]
pinning Wild Mouse roller coasters
In 1997, the first Spinning Wild Mouse roller coaster opened at the defunct Dinosaur Beach pier at
Wildwood, New Jersey. Based on the design of the Wild Mouse roller coaster, the ride features a track layout and cars similar to a Virginia Reel, except the ride is made of steel rather than wood, and the seats face in one direction instead of toward each other. The layout of the ride boasts many hairpin turns and small hops. The design, noted for its portability and small footprint, became popular at smaller amusement parks and fairs. A well known theme park installation of the ride is Primeval Whirlat Disney's Animal Kingdom.
The Spinning Wild Mouse was first manufactured by
Reverchon Industriesof France. In 2003 the company merged with Italy's Zamperla, but the companies eventually split apart again and in 2006 both companies began making Spinning Wild Mouse coasters under their own names. The two companies' spinning coasters can be found in dozens of amusement parks. A similar model was introduced by Italy's Fabbri Groupin 2006.
Similar spinning coasters were made by the Chinese ride company Golden Horse and the German company
Maurer Söhne, whose model is called a Compact Spinning Coaster. These models feature cars with four seats divided into two rows facing away from each other.
Other spinning roller coasters
Maurer Söhne introduced its Xtended SC spinning coasters in the late 1990s. The seat configuration is the same as Maurer Söhne's Compact Spinning Coaster, but unlike that model, the Xtended SC has large, twisted layouts with many vertical hairpin turns intended to spin the cars around and give each rider a different experience every ride. Examples include "
Winjas" at Germany's Phantasialand, " Spinball Whizzer" at the UK's Alton Towersand "Dragon's Fury" at the UK's Chessington World of Adventures.
A similar ride debuted in 2004 when the first two
GerstlauerSpinning Coasters opened: " Fairly Odd Coaster" (formerly "Timberland Twister") at Nickelodeon Universeinside the Mall of America, and "Spinning Dragons" at Worlds of Fun. These coasters have twisted track layouts similar to Maurer Söhne's Xtended SC, but the seats on Gerstlauer Spinning Coasters face towards each other, as with the Virginia Reel.
Intamin AGdebuted a spinning coaster with trains instead of individual cars: "Comet Express" at Lotte Worldin Seoul, South Korea. The trains have eight cars, with each car's two seats side by side. Like the Maurer Söhne and Gerstlauer spinning coasters, this "Twist and Turn Coaster" features a twisted track layout. Three of these models have been built around the world.
Another spinning coaster with trains, "
Euro-Mir", was built by MACK Ridesof Germanyin 1997 at Europa-Park. The trains consist of four cars with four seats divided into two rows facing away from each other. The coaster has a twisted track layout that is built around five cylindrical towers. MACK opened a second coaster of this type, " Sierra Sidewinder", at Knott's Berry Farmin 2007.
4th Dimension roller coaster
* [http://www.rcdb.com/ir.htm?category=105 RCDB's listing of Spinning Roller Coasters]
Wikimedia Foundation. 2010.
Look at other dictionaries:
Roller coaster — For other uses, see Roller coaster (disambiguation). The Scenic Railway at Luna Park, Melbourne, is the world s oldest continually operating rollercoaster, built in 1912 … Wikipedia
Roller coaster — Montagnes russes Un manège grand huit vu du sol, de loin … Wikipédia en Français
Roller coaster elements — Contents 1 Basic elements 1.1 Brake run 1.2 Buzz bars 1.3 … Wikipedia
Pandemonium (roller coaster) — Pandemonium Pandemonium at Fiesta Texas Previously known as Tony Hawk s Big Spin at some locations … Wikipedia
Pandemonium (Roller Coaster) — Infobox roller coaster name = Pandemonium caption = location = Six Flags New England type = Steel type2=Spinning manufacturer = Gerstlauer designer = Werner Stengel model = Spinning Car Coaster status = Open opened = 2005 height = 42 drop =… … Wikipedia
Exterminator (roller coaster) — Infobox roller coaster name=Exterminator caption=Entrance to the attraction. location=Kennywood type=Steel type2=Indoor type3=Spinning status=Open opened=1999 04 18 manufacturer=Reverchon designer=Reverchon model=Spinning Coaster track=Wild Mouse … Wikipedia
Motorbike roller coaster — Velocity at Flamingo Land, a Vekoma Motorbike roller coaster. A motorbike roller coaster is a type of steel roller coaster designed with motorcycle type cars. Booster Bike at Toverland was the world s first motorbike roller coaster. Vekoma was… … Wikipedia
Flying roller coaster — A flying roller coaster is a variation of roller coaster meant to simulate the sensations of flight. The roller coaster cars are suspended below the track, with riders secured such that their backs are parallel to the track. Flying roller… … Wikipedia
Dueling roller coaster — The Dragon Challenge in The Wizarding World of Harry Potter is a dueling inverted roller coaster. A dueling roller coaster features two (or more) roller coasters, usually with a similar layout, built close to each other. The rides are designed to … Wikipedia
Mamba (roller coaster) — Mamba Sign in front of Mamba s station Location Worlds of Fun Park section Africa … Wikipedia