- 1st Light Division (Germany)
The German 1st Light Brigade was a mechanized unit established in October 1937 in imitation of the French "
Division Légère Mécanique", intended to take on the roles of army-level reconnaissanceand security that had traditionally been the responsibility of cavalry. It included mechanized recon units, motorized infantry, and a battalion of tanks. In 1938 it was enlarged to become the 1st Light Division (sometimes described as "Light Mechanized" or "Light Panzer" to distinguish it from the later "Light" infantry divisions). In 1939 the division fought in the Invasion of Poland. Due to shortcomings that the campaign revealed in the organization of the Light divisions, it was reorganized as the 6th Panzer Division afterward in October 1939.
As the 6th Panzer Division, it participated in the 1940
Battle of Franceand then transferred east for the rest of the year. In June 1941 it joined Operation Barbarossa, fighting at first under Army Group Northbut soon transferring to Army Group Center, where it fought in the Battle of Moscowand the Rzhev-Vyazma Salient. By May 1942, it had suffered such losses that it was withdrawn to France for rehabilitation. It returned to the Russian Front at the end of the year and participated in the failed attempt to relieve the Sixth Army at Battle of Stalingrad. Thereafter it fought in the battles of Kharkov and Kursk and the defensive battles back across the Ukraine and White Russia afterward. In early 1945 it was used in the attempts to relieve Budapestand then driven back into Austria, where it surrendered to the Soviets at the end of the war.
Claus Schenk Graf von Stauffenberg
Panzertruppe, Panzer, Panzer division
Division (military), Military unit
Wehrmacht, List of German divisions in WWII
Note: The Web references may require you to follow links to cover the unit's entire history.
* Wendel, Marcus (2004). " [http://www.axishistory.com/index.php?id=969 1. Leichte-Division] ". Retrieved April 11, 2005.
* " [http://www.lexikon-der-wehrmacht.de/Gliederungen/leichte%20Panzerdivisionen/1leDiv.htm 1. leichte Division] ". German language article at www.lexikon-der-wehrmacht.de. Retrieved April 11, 2005.
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