for the village in Nepal see Dharna, Nepal

A dharna (Hindi: धरना), is a fast undertaken at the door of an offender, especially a debtor, in India as a means of obtaining compliance with a demand for justice, such as payment of a debt.

In India there are designated places for conducting Dharna, and a permission is required for it. Often, those practicing dharna break the permission leading to clashes with law enforcement.

Dharna generally refers to fixing one's mind on an object. It refers to whole-heartedly pledging toward an outcome or to inculcating a directed attitude. Dharna is consciously and diligently holding a point of view with the intent of achieving a goal.

Dharna may have influenced Mohandas Gandhi in his use of non-violence to attain political power.

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  • dharna — [dur′nə, där′nə] n. [Hindi dharnā, persistence, a holding firm: for IE base see DHARMA] in India, a method of seeking justice by sitting at the door of one s debtor or wrongdoer and fasting until justice is obtained …   English World dictionary

  • dharna — noun Etymology: Hindi & Urdu dharnā, from Sanskrit dharaṇa{mudot} support, prop; akin to Latin firmus firm Date: 1747 a fast held at the door of an offender in India as an appeal for justice …   New Collegiate Dictionary

  • dharna — [ də:nə, α:] noun Indian a mode of compelling payment or compliance, by sitting at the debtor s or offender s door until the demand is complied with. ↘a peaceful demonstration. Origin from Hindi dharnā sitting in restraint, placing …   English new terms dictionary

  • dharna — /ˈdanə/ (say dahnuh) noun Indian English 1. the Hindu religious practice of lying flat on one s face in a temple for some period of time, waiting for guidance from the god. 2. the practice of sitting at someone s door to exact justice from them.… …   Australian English dictionary

  • dharna — /dahr neuh, dur /, n. (in India) the practice of exacting justice or compliance with a just demand by sitting and fasting at the doorstep of an offender until death or until the demand is granted. Also, dhurna. [1785 95; < Hindi: placing] * * * …   Universalium

  • dharna — noun A debt collector in India who sits on the doorstep of a debtor until the debt is paid …   Wiktionary

  • dharna —    (DAHR nah) [Hindi: placing; the act of sitting in restraint] In India, a way of exacting payment or compliance with a demand by sitting at the oppressor’s doorstep and fasting until death or until justice is done …   Dictionary of foreign words and phrases

  • dharna — dhar·na …   English syllables

  • dharna — dhar•na or dhur•na [[t]ˈdʌr nə[/t]] n. raj (in India) the traditional practice of demanding redress for an offense or payment of a debt by fasting at the doorstep of the offender or debtor • Etymology: 1785–95; < Hindi: placing …   From formal English to slang

  • dharna — A method of collecting a debt in which the person who is owed money sits on the debtors doorstep until payment is made, or the debtor starves to death …   Grandiloquent dictionary