- Bethlehem, New York
official_name = Bethlehem, New York
pushpin_map_caption =Location within the state of New York
subdivision_type = Country
subdivision_type1 = State
subdivision_type2 = County
subdivision_name2 = Albany
John H. Cunningham
established_title = Incorporated
established_date = 1793
unit_pref = Imperial
area_total_km2 = 128.4
area_land_km2 = 126.4
area_water_km2 = 2.0
area_total_sq_mi = 49.6
area_land_sq_mi = 48.8
area_water_sq_mi = 0.8
population_as_of = 2000
population_total = 31304
population_density_km2 = 247.6
population_density_sq_mi = 641.3
timezone = Eastern (EST)
utc_offset = -5
timezone_DST = EDT
utc_offset_DST = -4
elevation_m = 60
elevation_ft = 197
latd = 42 |latm = 36 |lats = 7 |latNS = N
longd = 73 |longm = 49 |longs = 36 |longEW = W
postal_code = No Bethlehem addresses. Hamlets have own ZIP codes.
area_code = 518
blank_name = FIPS code
blank_info = 36-06354
blank1_name = GNIS feature ID
blank1_info = 0978731
website = [http://www.townofbethlehem.org Town of Bethlehem]
The Town of Bethlehem is south of the City of Albany. Bethlehem includes the following hamlets: Delmar, Elsmere,
Slingerlands, Glenmont, Selkirk, South and North Bethlehem. Route 9W passes through the town. The town is named after the biblical Bethlehem.
When Henry Hudson sailed up the river that would eventually bear his name, he is thought to have landed at what is now the town of Bethlehem. The spot where he is presumed to have landed is commemorated at the town's Henry Hudson Park. The town was established on March 12, 1793 from the Town of Watervliet. In 1832, part of the town was used to form the Town of New Scotland.
The Town's earliest growth took place in Normansville, named for its location along the Normanskill, a creek, which forms the town's border with Albany, NY. Normansville still exists today, though it is unnoticed by most living in Bethlehem since it is accessible only by one downhill road (which has no outlet). In the mid 1800s the Delaware and Hudson railroad initiated service into the hamlet then called Adamsville, renaming the hamlet Delmar. Delmar has become the most populated hamlet and its Delaware Avenue is the site of the present day town hall, police station, justice court, and public library, as well as numerous businesses. The railroad discontinued passenger service in the 1960s and its tracks started being removed in the year 2000 with the last of the track removed in 2005. The Town has continued to grow, and is today considered to be an affluent suburb of the city of
The Town includes several historic buildings and landmarks.
* Four Corners - This Delmar intersection of Delaware Avenue and Kenwood Avenue has served as the town's traditional center and is presently the location of several stores, banks, restaurants and the post office. It is also within walking distance to most Delmar residents.
* Adams House - In 1838 Nathaniel Adams built a hotel on Delaware Avenue. This stately building later served as the Town Hall. In 1980, the Town Hall moved to a larger location and the volunteer Fire Department took over the building.
* Toll Gate Ice Cream This Slingerlands restaurant and eatery was established in 1943 at the site of what was once the entrance to a 19th century toll road to Albany. Well known for its inventive homemade ice cream flavors.
* Beckers Homestead Albertus Becker built this house in 1800. His grandson, Albertus Becker II, would become Town Supervisor in 1863.
* Memorial Park A small pocket park along Delaware Avenue created to honor the town's war veterans. The park also provides pedestrian access to the old Delaware & Hudson railway bed.
* Elm Avenue Park This is the Town's largest park and a very popular summertime gathering point. Includes three outdoor swimming pools, a splash zone for toddlers, playground, basketball and tennis courts. Winter activities include ice skating, hockey, cross country skiing, sledding, and snowmobiling. Admission to the pool area restricted to Town residents and their guests under a fee based system. [http://wwww.townofbethlehen.org/parks.html]
* Bethlehem Central Middle School This school was first used (and is still labeled as) the Senior High School and was built in the Federalist style. Over the years it has had several additions, and now includes outdoor tennis courts, running track, and soccer fields. These facilities are open to the public when the school is not in session.
* Delaware Plaza A shopping plaza built in the 1950's, located on Delaware Avenue in Elsmere. Delaware Plaza is home to a large supermarket as well as some 30 other shops and restaurants.
Town government had been dominated for over 120 years by the Republican party. That changed in 2003 with the election of Democrats Theresa Egan as Town Supervisor and Dan Plummer, along with Independence Party member Tim Gordon, creating a new majority on the Town Board for the first time in recollection. The Democrats further solidified their majority in 2005. On April 11, 2007 Supervisor Egan resigned her position, and the Bethlehem Town Board acting immediately, voted unanimously to appoint John H.(Jack)Cunningham to fill the vacancy. He was sworn in to office on April 12, 2007 and was elected to serve a full term in November 2007.
Most Town residents live within the Bethlehem Central School District. The town has five public elementary schools -- Hamagrael, Elsmere, Slingerlands, Glenmont and Clarksville. A sixth elementary school, Eagle Elementary, is currently being built. Its name was the result of a district-wide student vote. Elementary schools include students up to grade 5. The Bethlehem Central Middle School educates children in grades 6, 7 and 8, while the
Bethlehem Central High Schoolincludes grades 9-12.
The Town also includes the School of Saint Thomas the Apostle, a Catholic school for grades K-8 located across from the Catholic church.
The school district offers Continuing Education classes in a variety of topics for adult learners of all ages.
The Town also provides busing and most textbooks for families who choose to educate their children in private schools. The nearby City of Albany includes several noted private schools and academies, including the Albany Academy for Boys, the
Albany Academy for Girls, the Doane Stuart School, the Christian Brothers Academy, and Bishop Maginn High Schooland La Salle Institute in near by Troy, NY.
Residents in the hamlets of Selkirk and South Bethlehem are part of the Ravena-Coeymans-Selkirk Central School District. Residents in the hamlet of North Bethlehem are part of the Guilderland Central School District. One of the two elementary schools of the district, Albertus W. Becker Elementary School, is in Selkirk.
According to the
United States Census Bureau, the town has a total area of 49.6 square miles (128.4 km²), of which, 48.8 square miles (126.4 km²) of it is land and 0.8 square miles (2.0 km²) of it (1.55%) is water.
Location and adjacent areas
The town is in Albany County,
New York, United States. The east town line, defined by the Hudson River, is the border of Rensselaer County, New York. To the north, the town shares a border with Albany, the capital of New York State, and the Town of Guilderland. To the west is the Town of New Scotland, and to the south is the Town of Coeymans.
New York State Thruway( Interstate 87) passes through the town. The town is also served by the CDTA number 13 (New Scotland Avenue), 18 (Delaware Avenue), and 19 (Voorheesville) busses.
As of the
censusGR|2 of 2000, there were 31,304 people, 12,112 households, and 8,551 families residing in the town. The population densitywas 641.3 people per square mile (247.6/km²). There were 12,459 housing units at an average density of 255.2/sq mi (98.6/km²). The racial makeup of the town was 94.74% White, 2.26% African American, 0.15% Native American, 1.66% Asian, 0.04% Pacific Islander, 0.31% from other races, and 0.84% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 1.74% of the population.
There were 12,112 households out of which 36.6% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 60.0% were married couples living together, 8.0% had a female householder with no husband present, and 29.4% were non-families. 25.0% of all households were made up of individuals and 11.7% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.53 and the average family size was 3.06.
In the town the population was spread out with 27.5% under the age of 18, 5.2% from 18 to 24, 27.1% from 25 to 44, 25.8% from 45 to 64, and 14.4% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 40 years. For every 100 females there were 90.9 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 85.5 males.
The median income for a household in the town was $63,169, and the median income for a family was $77,211. Males had a median income of $52,433 versus $36,739 for females. The
per capita incomefor the town was $31,492. About 2.3% of families and 3.1% of the population were below the poverty line, including 3.6% of those under age 18 and 2.8% of those age 65 or over.
Communities and locations in Bethlehem
*Beckers Corners -- A hamlet in the south part of the town at Route 9W.
*Bethlehem Center -- A hamlet in the northeast part of the town.
*Bethlehem Heights -- A location north of South Bethlehem.
*Callahans Corners -- A location at the southwest corner of the town.
*Cedar Hill -- A hamlet in the southeast part of the town, east of the Thruway.
*Delmar, New York -- A hamlet near the center of the town and the location of the town government. Formerly known as "Adamsville".
*Elsmere -- A hamlet east of and adjacent to Delmar.
*Glenmont, New York -- A hamlet in the eastern part of the town.
*Henry Hudson Park A park east of Cedar Hill at the Hudson River.
*Houcks Corners -- A hamlet south of Delmar.
*Karlsville -- A hamlet in the north part of the town.
*Kenwood -- A hamlet in the northeast part of the town.
*Mallorys Corners -- A location in the south part of the town.
*Meyers Corners -- A location in the south part of the town.
*Normansville -- A hamlet in the north part of the town and home of the world famous yellow brick road.
*North Bethlehem -- A hamlet at the north town line in the northeast part of the town.
*Selkirk, New York -- A hamlet east of South Bethlehem.
Slingerlands-- A hamlet immediately west of Delmar and near the west town line.
*Spawn Hollow -- A hamlet in the southwest corner of the town.
*South Albany -- A hamlet in the south part of the town, north of South Bethlehem.
*South Bethlehem -- A hamlet in the south part of the town.
*Wemple -- A hamlet in the southeast part of the town.
*Normanside-- A Park across the Normanskill in the city of Albany.
* [http://www.townofbethlehem.org Bethlehem official website]
* [http://bcsd.k12.ny.us/index.htm Bethlehem Central School District website]
* [http://www.bethlehempubliclibrary.org Bethlehem Public Library website]
* [http://spotlightnews.com Local weekly newspaper]
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