- George Segal (artist)
bgcolour = #6495ED
name = George Segal
imagesize = 200px
caption = Commemorative sculptures on Sheridan Square, 1980
birthdate = birth date |1924|11|26|
deathdate = death date and age |2000|6|9|1924|11|26|
New Brunswick, New Jersey
nationality = American
Sculpture, Pop art
influenced by =
George Segal (
November 26, 1924, New York - June 9 2000, New Brunswick, New Jersey) was an American painter and sculptorassociated with the Pop Artmovement. He was presented with a National Medal of Artsin 1999.
Although Segal started his art career as a painter, his best known works are cast lifesize figures and the
tableaux the figures inhabited. In place of traditional castingtechniques, Segal pioneered the use of plaster bandages (plaster-impregnated gauze strips designed for making orthopedic casts) as a sculptural medium. In this process, he first wrapped a model with bandages in sections, then removed the hardened forms and put them back together with more plaster to form a hollow shell. These forms were not used as molds; the shell itself became the final sculpture, including the rough texture of the bandages. Initially, Segal kept the sculptures stark white, but a few years later he began painting them (usually in bright monochrome). Eventually he started having the final forms cast in bronze, sometimes patinated white to resemble the original plaster.
Segal's figures had minimal color and detail, which gave them a ghostly, melancholic appearance. In larger works, one or more figures were placed in anonymous, typically urban environments such as a street corner, bus, or diner. In contrast to the figures, the environments were built using found objects. An example of this work is the sculpture, "Chance Meeting", which sold in 2001 for US $600,000. It was one of his highest selling works. The work was created in 1989 and was cast in bronze. [ [http://artsalesindex.artinfo.com/artsalesindex/asi/lots/8059513 Auction Result: George Segal's "Chance Meeting"] ]
From the 1950s until his death Segal lived on a chicken farm in
South Brunswick Township, New Jersey. [Turner, Elisa. [http://infoweb.newsbank.com/iw-search/we/InfoWeb?p_action=doc&p_docid=0EB4DBDD23876098&p_docnum=4&p_queryname=NaN&p_product=NewsBank&p_theme=aggregated4&p_nbid=H60S48QAMTE4NTg0NzQ0OS4yODY4NjU6MTo3OnJhLTE4ODg "SEGAL EXHIBIT EVOKES QUIET DIGNITY OF HUMDRUM LIVES"] , " The Miami Herald", December 20, 1998. Accessed July 31, 2007. "That compassion is also evident in the work ethic and personality of this artist, who's called himself a "Depression baby" and who speaks fondly of South Brunswick, N.J., where he's lived since the 1940s, as a "working man's town."] He only ran the chicken farm for a few years, but he used the space to hold annual picnics for his friends from the New Yorkart world. His location in central New Jerseyalso led to friendships with professors from the Rutgers University art department. Segal introduced several Rutgers professors to John Cage, and took part in Cage's legendary experimental composition classes. Allan Kaprowcoined the term Happeningto describe the art performances that took place on Segal's farm in the Spring of 1957. Events for Yam Festalso took place there. Segal was married to Helen Segal from 1946 until his death in 2000.
*"George Segal" (1979). Directed by Michael Blackwood. Documentary about Segal, who discusses and is shown creating his bronze sculpture "Abraham and Isaac", which was originally intended as a memorial for the
Kent State shootingsof 1970.
*Busch, Julia M., [http://www.worldcatlibraries.org/wcpa/ow/4ed0b0bd878eaf2a.html "A Decade of Sculpture: the New Media in the 1960s"] (The Art Alliance Press: Philadelphia; [http://www.aupresses.com/ Associated University Presses] :
London, 1974) ISBN 0-87982-007-1
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