- HIV/AIDS Bureau
The HIV/AIDS Bureau is a part of the
Health Resources and Services Administration(HRSA), a part of the United States Department of Health and Human Services.
HRSAis the recognized leader in improving access to more and better care to the thousands of uninsured and underinsured individuals living with HIV/AIDSand their families.
HRSA’s Ryan White HIV/AIDSProgram, with an FY 2007 budget of more than $2.1 billion, funds primary health care, support services and life-saving medications for more than 530,000 low-income, uninsured, and underinsured people living with HIV/AIDS.
* Signed by President Bush in December 2006, the Ryan White
HIV/AIDSTreatment Modernization Act of 2006 directs that more funds be spent on core medical services. The new law also takes into consideration HIVand AIDScases in allocating funds.
* The AIDS Drug Assistance Program (ADAP) is the fastest growing component of all
Ryan Whiteprograms. First funded in FY 1996 at $52 million, state ADAPs today receive $790 million to provide life-saving medications to individuals who cannot afford them. On average, more than 147,000 clients are served annually through ADAPs.
* Almost three-quarters of
Ryan Whitepatients are minority Americans who have higher rates of HIVinfection and who experience greater barriers in accessing care than the general public.
* Since FY 2001, the Bush Administration has spent more than $14.0 billion in
Ryan White HIV/AIDSProgram funds.
The original Ryan White
CARE Actwas enacted in 1990 to improve the quality and availability of care for people with HIV/AIDSand their families. The CARE Act was reauthorized in May 1996 and again in 2000. The newly enacted Ryan White HIV/AIDSTreatment Modernization Act of 2006 provides more flexibility to respond effectively to the changing epidemic. The new law changes how Ryan Whitefunds can be used, with an emphasis on providing life-saving and life-extending services for people living with HIV/AIDSacross this country.
Ryan White HIV/AIDS Program
Ryan White HIV/AIDSProgram funds primary care and support services for individuals living with HIVdisease who lack health insurance and financial resources for their care.
While ambulatory health care and support services are the primary focus of the
Ryan White HIV/AIDSProgram, training, technical assistance, and demonstration projects are also funded. Services are intended to reduce the use of more costly inpatient care, increase access to care for underserved populations, and improve the quality of life for those affected by the epidemic.
Ryan White HIV/AIDSProgram works toward these goals by funding local and state programs that provide primary medical care and support services, health care provider training, and technical assistance to help funded programs address implementation and emerging HIVcare issues.
Funding for Metropolitan Areas
Through Part A,
HRSAprovides funding to Eligible Metropolitan Areas and transitional Grant Areas hardest hit by the HIV/AIDSepidemic for a wide range of community-based services such as outpatient health care and support and case management services.
Funding to States
Through Part B,
HRSAprovides formula funding to States and territories to improve the quality, availability, and organization of health care and support services for people with HIVdisease. This program also earmarks funds to support pharmaceutical treatments through the AIDSDrug Assistance Program.
Funding to Communities
Through Part C,
HRSAprovides funding to public and private nonprofit primary care providers (such as community and migrant health centers, community- and faith-based organizations, hospital and university-based medical centers, and city and county health services organizations) for outpatient early intervention services, and organizational capacity-building.
Funding for Women, Children and Families
Through Part D,
HRSAprovides funding to public and private nonprofit entities to build community- and faith-based programs for children, youth, women, and families. It also provides funding for a Youth Services Initiative that identifies HIV-infected youth and brings them into comprehensive, culturally, and linguistically sensitive care, while also helping maintain them in this care.
Part F includes the Special Projects of National Significance Program that provides funding to public and private nonprofit entities to develop innovative models of
HIVcare for underserved populations. Part F also includes the Dental Reimbursement Program, the Community-Based Dental Partnership Program; and the AIDS Education and Training Centers (AETC). The AETC Program funds a network of universities and other entities to conduct regional multidisciplinary HIV-related education and training for health care providers to increase the number who are educated and motivated to counsel, diagnose, treat, and manage care for individuals with HIV/AIDS.
The Ryan White HIV/AIDS Treatment Modernization Act of 2006
Part A funds eligible metropolitan areas and transitional grant areas. 75% must be spent for core services.
Part B funds States. 75% must be spent for core services.
Part C funds early intervention services. 75% must be spent for core services.
Part D grants support services for women, infants, children and youth.
Part F comprises Special Projects of National Significance, AIDS Education & Training Centers, Dental Programs and Minority
Global AIDS Program
HRSA’s Global HIV/AIDSProgram, part of the President's Emergency Plan for AIDS Relief(PEPFAR), works in partnership with various organizations to assist the global community in improving its capacity to increase access to quality care and treatment for people infected with and affected by HIV/AIDSand its complications. HRSAhas taken its extensive experience in domestic HIV/AIDScare and treatment programs, provider education and training, and technical assistance and tailored it worldwide. Presently, HRSAsupports programs in 17 countries.
HRSAHIV/AIDS Bureau Web Site
Wikimedia Foundation. 2010.
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