Astigmata


Astigmata

Taxobox


image_width = 250px
image_caption = "Otodectes cyanotis" (Psoroptidia: Psoroptidae)
regnum = Animalia
phylum = Arthropoda
subphylum = Chelicerata
classis = Arachnida
subclassis = Acarina
superordo = Acariformes

ordo = Astigmata
ordo_authority = G. Canestrini, 1891
diversity_link = Astigmata
diversity = c. 80 families
> 1,000 genera
> 3,400 species
subdivision_ranks = Suborders and superfamilies
subdivision =
Acaridia:Acaroidea:Canestrinioidea:Glycyphagoidea:Hemisarcoptoidea:Histiostomatoidea:Hypoderoidea:Schizoglyphoidea
Psoroptidia:Analgoidea:Freyanoidea:Psoroptoidea:Pterolichoidea:Pyroglyphoidea

The Astigmata are one of the orders of mites. They belong to the Sarcoptiformes, which contain the "biting" Acariformes. Many species are parasites of vertebrates. Most notorious among these are the Psoroptidia, which contain such notable taxa as feather mites and "Sarcoptes scabiei".

The Astigmata are of unclear relationships to those mites commonly united as Oribatida. The latter appear to be paraphyletic and in need of division into two orders, as some of them (e.g. certain Desmonomata) seem closer to Astigmata than to other Oribatida.

Taxonomy

Acaridia

Acaridia (> 400 genera, > 1300 species)

* Schizoglyphoidea (2 genera, 2 species):* Schizoglyphidae

* Histiostomatoidea (c. 60 genera, > 200 species):* Histiostomatidae:* Guanolichidae

* Canestrinioidea (> 100 genera, > 300 species):* Chetochelacaridae:* Lophonotacaridae:* Canestriniidae:* Heterocoptidae

* Hemisarcoptoidea (50 genera, > 200 species):* Chaetodactylidae:* Hyadesiidae:* Carpoglyphidae:* Algophagidae:* Hemisarcoptidae:* Winterschmidtiidae

* Glycyphagoidea (> 70 genera, > 150 species):* Euglycyphagidae:* Chortoglyphidae:* Pedetropodidae:* Echimyopodidae:* Aeroglyphidae:* Rosensteiniidae:* Glycyphagidae

* Acaroidea (> 120 genera, > 400 species):* Sapracaridae:* Suidasiidae:* Lardoglyphidae:* Glycacaridae:* Gaudiellidae:* Acaridae (> 100 genera, > 400 species)

* Hypoderoidea:* Hypoderidae

Psoroptidia

Psoroptidia (> 600 genera, > 2,000 species)

* Pterolichoidea (> 200 genera, > 500 species):* Oconnoriidae:* Ptiloxenidae:* Pterolichidae (> 100 genera, c. 300 species):* Cheylabididae:* Ochrolichidae:* Gabuciniidae:* Falculiferidae:* Eustathiidae:* Crypturoptidae:* Thoracosathesidae:* Rectijanuidae:* Ascouracaridae:* Syringobiidae:* Kiwilichidae:* Kramerellidae

* Freyanoidea (> 30 genera, c. 50 species):* Freyanidae:* Vexillariidae:* Caudiferidae

* Analgoidea (> 200 genera, c. 700 species):* Heteropsoridae:* Analgidae:* Xolalgidae:* Avenzoariidae:* Pteronyssidae:* Proctophyllodidae:* Psoroptoididae:* Trouessartiidae:* Alloptidae:* Thysanocercidae:* Dermationidae:* Epidermoptidae:* Apionacaridae:* Dermoglyphidae:* Laminosioptidae:* Knemidokoptidae:* Cytoditidae

* Pyroglyphoidea (26 genera, > 50 species):* Pyroglyphidae:* Turbinoptidae

* Psoroptoidea (c. 160 genera, > 600 species):* Psoroptidae:* Galagalgidae:* Lobalgidae:* Myocoptidae:* Rhyncoptidae:* Audycoptidae:* Listrophoridae:* Chirodiscidae:* Atopomelidae:* Chirorhynchobiidae:* Gastronyssidae:* Lemurnyssidae:* Pneumocoptidae:* Sarcoptidae

* "incertae sedis" (16 genera, 17 species):* Ptyssalgidae::* "Ptyssalges major" (Trouessart, 1887):* Psoralgidae

"incertae sedis"

Troglotacaridae
* "Troglotacarus hauseri" Fain, 1977

References

*'s Biology Catalog: [http://insects.tamu.edu/research/collection/hallan/Acari/Family/Astigmata1.htm Astigmata]


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