A camauro (from the Latin "camelaucum", from Greek "kamelauchion", meaning "camel skin hat") is a cap traditionally worn by the Pope.

Papal camauros are of red wool or velvet with white ermine trim and are worn, usually in winter, in place of the zucchetto, which in turn takes the place of the biretta worn by other members of the clergy. Like the biretta worn by lower clergy and the mortarboard worn by academics, the camauro derives from the academic cap (the "pileus"), originally worn to protect tonsured clerical heads from the cold. It is often worn with a shoulder winter cloak (mozzetta), also sometimes fur-lined.

The camauro has been part of the papal wardrobe since the 12th century. Until 1464, it was also worn by cardinals, without the ermine trim; from that date, the camauro became exclusively a papal garment and cardinals wore the scarlet biretta instead. The papal camauro fell into disuse after the death of Pope John XXIII in 1963, but it was revived in December 2005 by Pope Benedict XVI. Benedict's wearing the hat prompted comparisons to Santa Claus and Father Christmas in the media [] ; St. Nicholas Thaumaturgos, who became the legendary Santa Claus, was bishop of Myra.

ources and References

* [ About the camauro]
* [ About the skull cap]
* [ 'Santa Pope' woos Vatican crowds] (BBC News, 22 December 2005))
* [ History of the Skullcap] (PDF, p.21-22)
* [ Various popes wearing the camauro on a church watching blog]
* [ Pictures of Camauro and other clerical headgear, information and literature in German language]
* [ of the white Camauro, only worn by the Pope during the Octave of Easter]

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  • Camauro — (ital.), 1) Camelot; 2) die rothsammtne Mütze des Papstes …   Pierer's Universal-Lexikon

  • Camáuro — (ital.), die rotsamtene Papstmütze …   Meyers Großes Konversations-Lexikon

  • Camáuro — (ital.), die rotsamtene Mütze des Papstes …   Kleines Konversations-Lexikon

  • Camauro — Camauro, die rothsammtne Mütze des Papstes …   Herders Conversations-Lexikon

  • camauro — m. *Gorro de tela que usa el *papa, de forma de casquete, un poco prolongado por la parte de las orejas, a las que cubre …   Enciclopedia Universal

  • camauro — s. m. [Antigo] Barrete usado pelos papas, encobrindo lhes as orelhas …   Dicionário da Língua Portuguesa

  • Camauro — Papst Benedikt XIV. mit einem Camauro Der Camauro (deutsch auch Kamauro) ist eine mit Hermelinfell besetzte rote Samtmütze. Er war vom Mittelalter (etwa 12. Jahrhundert) bis ins 19. Jahrhundert die offizielle Kopfbedeckung der Päpste außerhalb… …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Camauro — Benoît XVI portant un camauro Un camauro est un bonnet porté par le pape jusqu au XIXe siècle ; remis en honneur par Jean XXIII, il a définitivement été abandonné par son successeur Paul VI. Benoît XVI le porte épisodiquement …   Wikipédia en Français

  • camauro — /keuh mow roh/, n., pl. camauros. Rom. Cath. Ch. a crimson velvet cap trimmed with ermine, worn by the pope on nonliturgical occasions. [ < It; cf. ML camaurum; orig. uncert.] * * * …   Universalium

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