- Grants, New Mexico
official_name = Grants, New Mexico
nickname = Uranium Captiol of the World
mapsize = 250x200px
map_caption = Location of Grants, New Mexico
subdivision_type = Country
subdivision_type1 = State
subdivision_type2 = County
subdivision_name2 = Cibola
leader_name = Joseph Murrietta
unit_pref = Imperial
area_total_km2 = 35.4
area_land_km2 = 35.4
area_water_km2 = 0.0
area_total_sq_mi = 13.7
area_land_sq_mi = 13.7
area_water_sq_mi = 0.0
population_total = ~ 10500
population_density_km2 = 248.8
population_density_sq_mi = 644.4
timezone = Mountain (MST)
utc_offset = -7
timezone_DST = MDT
utc_offset_DST = -6
elevation_m = 1969
elevation_ft = 6460
latd = 35 |latm = 9 |lats = 19 |latNS = N
longd = 107 |longm = 50 |longs = 32 |longEW = W
Grants began as a railroad camp in the 1880s, when three Canadian brothers were awarded a contract to build a section of the new Atlantic and Pacific Railroad through the region. The Grant brothers' camp was first called Grants Camp, then Grants Station, and finally Grants.
The town prospered as a result of railroad logging in the nearby Zuni Mountains, and served as a section point for the Atlantic and Pacific, which became part of the Atchison, Topeka, and Santa Fe railroad empire. The Zuni Mountain Railroad short line had a roundhouse in town (near present day Exit 81 off Interstate 40) and housed workers in a small community named Breecetown. Timber from the Zuni Mountains was shipped to Albuquerque where a large sawmill converted the timber to wood products that were sold around the west.
After the decline of logging in the 1930s, Grants gained fame as the "carrot capital" of the United States. Agriculture was aided by the creation of Bluewater Reservoir, and the region's volcanic soils provided ideal conditions for farming. Grants also benefited from its location on
U.S. Route 66, which brought tourists and travelers and the businesses that catered to them.
Perhaps the most memorable boom in the town's history occurred when
Paddy Martinez, a Navajo shepherd, discovered uraniumore near Haystack Mesa, sparking a mining boom that lasted until the 1980s (see Uranium mining in New Mexico). The collapse of mining pulled the town into a depression, but the town has enjoyed a resurgence based on interest in tourism and the scenic beauty of the region.
Grants is located at coor dms|35|9|19|N|107|50|32|W|city (35.155269, -107.842099)GR|1.
According to the
United States Census Bureau, the city has a total area of 13.7 square miles (35.4 km²), all of it land. Grants is on the north end of the large and recent (youngest flows around 3,000 years old) lava field of El Malpais National Monument. To the northeast of town are the San Mateo Mountains and Mount Taylor, the highest peak in the region. West of the city is the Continental Divide and the Zuni Mountains, an eroded anticline with 2 billion year old precambrian granites and metamorphic rocks at its core. The region is primarily high desert country, dominated by sandstones and lava flows.
As of the
censusGR|2 of 2000, there were 8,806 people, 3,202 households, and 2,321 families residing in the city. The population densitywas 644.4 people per square mile (248.7/km²). There were 3,626 housing units at an average density of 265.3/sq mi (102.4/km²). The racial makeup of the city was 56.18% White, 1.62% African American, 11.97% Native American, 0.92% Asian, 0.12% Pacific Islander, 24.80% from other races, and 4.38% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 52.36% of the population.
There were 3,202 households out of which 37.5% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 49.5% were married couples living together, 17.1% had a female householder with no husband present, and 27.5% were non-families. 24.1% of all households were made up of individuals and 8.5% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.61 and the average family size was 3.06.
In the city the population was spread out with 28.8% under the age of 18, 9.3% from 18 to 24, 27.9% from 25 to 44, 21.7% from 45 to 64, and 12.3% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 34 years. For every 100 females there were 85.3 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 79.4 males.
The median income for a household in the city was $30,652, and the median income for a family was $33,464. Males had a median income of $31,870 versus $20,808 for females. The
per capita incomefor the city was $14,053. About 19.4% of families and 21.9% of the population were below the poverty line, including 31.8% of those under age 18 and 11.1% of those age 65 or over.
91% of Grants is Christian. About 75% of the town is
Catholic, 16% Protestant, about 6% is Atheistic, and 2% other.
Grants has several notable New Mexican restaurants, including El Cafecito, El Ranchero, and Chili Kicks on 66. The La Ventana Steakhouse is considered a power lunch spot in town, while the WOW Diner in Milan has perhaps the area's most extensive menu. Surprisingly, three Chinese restaurants also exist, providing both buffet and menu items. Finally, fast food franchises are plentiful, with Taco Bell, McDonald's, Sonic, and the New Mexico chain Blake's Lotaburger available in the area.
All public schools in the county are operated by
Grants/Cibola County Schools.
Seven elementary schools, one mid school and two highschools serve Grants/Cibola County.
Los Alamitos Middle School and
Grants High Schoolserve Grants. St. Teresa of Avila Catholic Schoolis the only private accredited school in Grants and serves grades Pre-Kindergarten through Eighth Grades.
There is a branch of
New Mexico State University. The branch offers a two-year postsecondary program as well as advanced degrees through distance education.
Grants in popular culture
Robison Wellshas stated that, in his novel "On Second Thought", the town of Alamitos is based on Grants, NM, which is the historical name before it was renamed after the mining camp. [ [http://www.robisonwells.com/OTSquestions.php#OTS3 Questions about On Second Thought ] ] Wells lived in Grants during the late 1990s. Scenes from the movie "21 Grams" starring Sean Penn and Naomi Watts were also filmed in Grants. In the Louis L'Amourbook "Flint", Los Alamitos (Grants) and the nearby El Malpais provided some of the settings for the main character in the book.
* [http://grants.nmsu.edu New Mexico State University - Grants]
* [http://www.legendsofamerica.com/HC-Grants.html Grants, NM - Uranium City USA]
Wikimedia Foundation. 2010.
Look at other dictionaries:
Grants (Nuevo México) — Grants Ciudad de los Estados Unidos … Wikipedia Español
New Mexico Air National Guard — Active 1946 – present Country … Wikipedia
New Mexico State University — NMSU redirects here. For the university in Missouri, see Northwest Missouri State University. New Mexico State University at Las Cruces Established 1888 Type … Wikipedia
New Mexico — New Mexican. a state in the SW United States. 1,299,968; 121,666 sq. mi. (315,115 sq. km). Cap.: Santa Fe. Abbr.: NM (for use with zip code), N. Mex., N.M. * * * State (pop., 2000: 1,819,046), southwestern U.S. Bordered by Mexico and the U.S.… … Universalium
New Mexico locations by per capita income — New Mexico has the fifth lowest per capita income in the United States of America, at $17,261 (2000). Its personal per capita income is $25,541 (2003). Contents 1 New Mexico counties ranked by per capita income 2 New Mexico places ranked by Per… … Wikipedia
New Mexico wine — New Mexico (wine region) Southern New Mexico Vineyard Official name State of New Mexico Type … Wikipedia
New Mexico Rail Runner Express — Overview Type Commuter rail Status Operational Loca … Wikipedia
New Mexico Activities Association — Abbreviation NMAA … Wikipedia
New Mexico House of Representatives — New Mexico State Legislature Type Type Lower House Term limits None New session started … Wikipedia
New Mexico Senate — New Mexico State Senate New Mexico State Legislature Type Type Upper House Term limits None New session started January 18, 2011 … Wikipedia