Mayan sign languages

Mayan sign languages

name=Yucatec Maya Sign Language
region=Isolated villages in south-central Yucatán
signers=Unknown. 16 deaf signers and 400–500 hearing signers reported in one village.

Maya sign languages are used in Mexico and Guatemala by Maya communities with unusually high numbers of deaf inhabitants. In some instances, both hearing and deaf members of a village may use the sign language. These sign languages are thought to be unrelated to both the "national sign languages" of Mexico (Mexican Sign Language) and Guatemala (Guatemalan Sign Language), as well as the local spoken Mayan languages and Spanish.

Yucatec Maya Sign Language

Yucatec Maya Sign Language is used in the Yucatán region by both hearing and deaf rural Mayas. It is a natural complex language, which is not related to Mexican Sign Language, but may have similarities with sign languages found in nearby Guatemala.

As the hearing villagers are competent in the sign language, the deaf inhabitants seem to be well integrated in the community - in contrast to the marginalisation of deaf people in the wider community, and also in contrast to Highland Maya Sign Language, which appears to be used in at least one village as a means of social segregation and oppression (see below).

The spoken language of the community is Yucatec Maya language.

Highland Maya Sign Language

In the highlands of Guatemala, Mayas use a sign language that belongs to a "sign language complex" known locally in the K'ichee'an language as "Meemul Ch'aab'al" and "Meemul Tziij", "mute language." Researcher Erich Fox Tree reports that it is used by deaf rural Maya throughout the region, as well as some traders and traditional storytellers. These communities and Fox Tree believe that "Meemul Ch'aab'al" belongs to an ancient family of Maya sign languages. [ [ Navigating North and South for Native Knowledge] , by Patricia Valdata for, 2005.] Fox Tree claims that Yutactec Maya Sign Language is also "closely-related and substantially mutually-intelligible". [Fox Tree, Erich (2004). "Meemul Ch'aab'al (Highland Maya Sign Language): The Invisible Visible Vernacular of an Indigenous Underclass". Society for Linguistic Anthropology. [ Abstract] .]

In at least one highland community, the sign language is used by "an impoverished class of deaf and hearing servants who are often forbidden to speak aloud in the presence of their masters: a hidden class of rural peons who call themselves 'slaves.'"


Further reading

*Johnson, Robert E. (1991). "Sign language, culture & community in a traditional Yucatec Maya village", in Sign Language Studies 73:461-474 (1991).
*Shuman, Malcolm K. & Mary Margaret Cherry-Shuman. (1981). "A brief annotated sign list of Yucatec Maya sign language." Language Sciences, 3, 1 (53), 124-185.
*Shuman, Malcolm K. (1980). "The sound of silence in Nohya: a preliminary account of sign language use by the deaf in a Maya community in Yucatan, Mexico." Language Sciences, 2, 1 (51), Mar, 144-173.
*Du Bois, John W. (1978). "Mayan sign language: An ethnography of non-verbal communication." Paper presented at the 77th annual meeting, American Anthropological Association, Los Angeles.

External links

* [ SIL overview of YMSL]

Wikimedia Foundation. 2010.

См. также в других словарях:

  • Mayan Sign Language — Maya Sign Language Signed in Mexico, Guatemala Region Isolated villages in south central Yucatán, Guatemalan Highlands Native signers Unknown. 16 deaf signers and 400–500 hearing signers in primary village. Langua …   Wikipedia

  • List of sign languages — There are perhaps around two hundred sign languages in use around the world today. The number is not known with any confidence; new sign languages emerge frequently through creolization and de novo (and occasionally through language planning). In …   Wikipedia

  • Mayan languages — Maya language redirects here. For other uses, see Maya language (disambiguation). Mayan Geographic distribution: Mesoamerica: Southern Mexico; …   Wikipedia

  • Mayan hieroglyphic writing — System of writing used by people of the Maya civilization from about the 3rd century AD to the 17th century. Of the various scripts developed in pre Columbian Mesoamerica, Mayan writing is by far the most elaborate and abundantly attested: about… …   Universalium

  • Mexican Sign Language — (LSM) lengua de señas mexicana Signed in Mexico Region Cities Native signers estimated 87,000–100,000 (1986)  (no date) …   Wikipedia

  • Indigenous languages of the Americas — Yucatec Maya writing in the Dresden Codex, ca. 11–12th century, Chichen Itza Indigenous languages of the Americas are spoken by indigenous peoples from Alaska and Greenland to the southern tip of South America, encompassing the land masses which… …   Wikipedia

  • List of languages by name — NOTOC This list of languages is alphabetical by English name of the language.Ethnologue lists about 7,300 main languages in its language name index (see the external link) and distinguishes about 39,491 alternate language names and… …   Wikipedia

  • Uru–Chipaya languages — Uru–Chipaya Geographic distribution: Bolivian Andes Linguistic classification: Chimu–Chipaya ? Uru–Chipaya Subdivisions: Chipaya Uru Uru–Chipaya is an in …   Wikipedia

  • Nyulnyulan languages — Nyulnyulan Geographic distribution: northern Australia Linguistic classification: a primary family of Australian languages. Subdivisions: Eastern Western …   Wikipedia

  • Daly languages — Daly Geographic distribution: Daly River region, northern Australia Linguistic classification: Perhaps 5 independent families of Australian languages. Subdivisions: (uncertain) …   Wikipedia

Поделиться ссылкой на выделенное

Прямая ссылка:
Нажмите правой клавишей мыши и выберите «Копировать ссылку»