Cenacle


Cenacle

Cenacle has a modern and a biblical meaning:

# After the 19th century Cenacle is used for a small gathering of specialists (esp. writers etc); a clique
# Traditionally Cenacle (from Latin "cenaculum") is the term for the Upper Room, or the site of The Last Supper. This word is a derivative of the Latin word "cena," which means dinner.: Some Christians believe it lies in the second floor of a building on Mount Zion, in Jerusalem, just outside the Dormition Church behind the Franciscan house on Sion, and south of the Zion Gate in the Old City walls. In the basement of the building is what is supposed by Jewish leaders as King David's Tomb, although the Bible says David was buried in the city of David, which is south of Mount Moriah.

History

In Christian tradition, this was the site where the Holy Spirit descended upon the disciples of Jesus on the day of Pentecost. The building was spared during the destruction of Jerusalem under Titus (AD 70) and became the site of the first Christian church. It was later destroyed by Persian invaders and rebuilt by a monk called Modestus. During the Crusades, the building was razed to the ground by Muslims and replaced by the Crusaders with a basilica. Franciscan monks cared for the Cenacle from 1333 to 1552 when the Turks captured Jerusalem and banished all Christians.

After the Franciscan friars' eviction, this room was transformed into a mosque, as evidenced by the mihrab in the direction of Mecca and an Arabic inscription prohibiting public prayer at the site. Christians were not allowed to return until the establishment of the State of Israel in 1948. Following a visit by Pope John Paul II, the Israeli government arranged for its ownership to be transferred to the Catholic Church in return for a church in Toledo, Spain which had originally been a synagogue.Fact|date=October 2007

Architecture

The Cenacle is divided by three pillars into three naves. The pillars and the arches, windows and other Gothic style architectural elements, a clear indication the room was built by the Crusaders in the early 13th century, on top of a much older structure. The older structure, according to the archaeological research, was the church-synagogue of the early Christian community of Jerusalem.

External links

* [http://www.centuryone.org/apostles.html "Church of the Apostles found on Mt. Zion"] - article from the May/June 1990 issue of "Biblical Archaeological Review"
* [http://www.centuryone.org/aposjcsdev.html The Development of the Judeo-Christian Synagogue]


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Look at other dictionaries:

  • cénacle — [ senakl ] n. m. • déb. XIIIe; lat. cenaculum; de cena → cène ♦ Didact., littér. 1 ♦ Salle où Jésus Christ se réunit avec ses disciples quand il institua l Eucharistie (⇒ cène ). 2 ♦ (1829) Réunion d un petit nombre d hommes de lettres, d… …   Encyclopédie Universelle

  • Cenacle — Cénacle Cette page d’homonymie répertorie les différents sujets et articles partageant un même nom. Le mot cénacle renvoie à différentes notions : Le sens propre du mot correspond à une assemblée privée de personnes dont les membres ont été… …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Cénacle —   [se nakl; zu lateinisch cenaculum »Speisesaal«] das, (s),    1) in der französischen Bibelsprache Bezeichnung für den Saal, in dem das Abendmahl abgehalten wurde.    2) Dichter und Künstlerkreis der französischen Romantik. Der erste Cénacle… …   Universal-Lexikon

  • cénacle — CÉNACLE. s. mas. Il n est d usage qu en style de l Écriture Sainte, pour signifier Une salle à manger. Jesus Christ lava les pieds des Apôtres dans le Cénacle …   Dictionnaire de l'Académie Française 1798

  • cenacle — c.1400, from Fr. cénacle (14c.), from L. cenaculum dining room, from cena mid day meal, afternoon meal; the L. cenaculum was used in Vulgate for the upper room where the Last Supper was eaten …   Etymology dictionary

  • cenacle — m. cénacle …   Diccionari Personau e Evolutiu

  • cenacle — [sen′i kəl] n. [Fr cénacle < L cenaculum, dining room < cena, dinner < OL cesnas < IE * (s)kert < base * (s)ker , to cut > SHEAR, SHORT] 1. [C ] the room in which Jesus and his disciples ate the Last Supper 2. a coterie, as of… …   English World dictionary

  • Cénacle — (spr. ßenákl ), gesellige Vereinigung französischer Dichter der romantischen Richtung, 1828 in Paris begründet. Dazu gehörten Victor Hugo, die beiden Deschamps, Brizeux, Th. Gautier, Sainte Beuve u. a. Ihre literarischen Ansichten kamen in der… …   Meyers Großes Konversations-Lexikon

  • cenacle — Cenacle. Il n a d usage que pour signifier le lieu où nostre Seigneur fit la Cene …   Dictionnaire de l'Académie française

  • Cénacle — Cette page d’homonymie répertorie les différents sujets et articles partageant un même nom. À l origine, le cénacle (du latin cœnaculum), désigne le lieu où l on mange[1]. Le Cénacle de Jérusalem, situé au sommet du Mont Sion, est l endroit où… …   Wikipédia en Français


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