Linden, New Jersey


Linden, New Jersey

Infobox Settlement
official_name = Linden, New Jersey
settlement_type = City (New Jersey)
nickname =
motto =


imagesize =
image_caption =


image_




mapsize = 250x200px
map_caption = Location of Linden in Union County. Inset: Location of Union County highlighted in the State of New Jersey.


mapsize1 = 250x200px
map_caption1 = Census Bureau map of Linden, New Jersey
subdivision_type = Country
subdivision_type1 = State
subdivision_type2 = County
subdivision_name = United States
subdivision_name1 = New Jersey
subdivision_name2 = Union
government_type =
leader_title = Mayor
leader_name = Richard J. Gerbounka (I)
established_title = Incorporated
established_date = January 1, 1925
area_magnitude =
area_total_sq_mi = 11.2
area_total_km2 = 29.1
area_land_sq_mi = 10.8
area_land_km2 = 28.0
area_water_sq_mi = 0.4
area_water_km2 = 1.1
area_urban_sq_mi =
area_urban_km2 =
area_metro_sq_mi =
area_metro_km2 =
population_as_of = 2006
population_note =
population_total = 39874
population_metro =
population_urban =
population_density_km2 = 1407.0
population_density_sq_mi = 3645.5
timezone = Eastern (EST)
utc_offset = -5
timezone_DST = EDT
utc_offset_DST = -4
latd = 40 |latm = 38 |lats = 2 |latNS = N
longd = 74 |longm = 15 |longs = 0 |longEW = W
coordinates_display = inline,title
coordinates_type = type:city_region:US-NJ
elevation_m = 5
elevation_ft = 16
elevation_footnotes = [Gnis|877806, Geographic Names Information System, accessed May 22, 2008.]
postal_code_type = ZIP code
postal_code = 07036
area_code = 908
website = http://www.linden-nj.org
blank_name = FIPS code
blank_info = 34-40350GR|2 [ [http://mcdc2.missouri.edu/webrepts/commoncodes/ccc_nj.html A Cure for the Common Codes: New Jersey] , Missouri Census Data Center. Accessed July 14, 2008.]
blank1_name = GNIS feature ID
blank1_info = 0877806GR|3
footnotes =

Linden is a city in southeastern Union County, New Jersey, United States. It is part of the New York Metropolitan Area, being about 13 miles southwest of Manhattan, and bordering Staten Island, a borough of New York City.

Linden was originally formed as a township on March 4, 1861, from portions of Elizabeth, Rahway and Union Township. Portions of the township were taken to form Cranford (March 14, 1871), Linden Borough (March 30, 1882) and Roselle (December 20, 1894). Linden was incorporated as a city by an Act of the New Jersey Legislature on January 1, 1925, replacing both Linden Township and Linden Borough (which had been formed in 1882 from the township), based on the results of a referendum held on November 8, 1923."The Story of New Jersey's Civil Boundaries: 1606-1968", John P. Snyder, Bureau of Geology and Topography; Trenton, New Jersey; 1969. p. 239.]

Geography

According to the United States Census Bureau, the city has a total area of 11.2 square miles (29.1 km²), of which, 10.8 square miles (28.0 km²) of it is land and 0.4 square miles (1.1 km²) of it (3.65%) is water.

Linden is bordered by many municipalities: to the northeast by Elizabeth, to the east by Staten Island via Arthur Kill, and to the southeast by Carteret in Middlesex County. To the southwest lies Rahway, to the west, Clark, Winfield and Cranford, and to the northwest, Roselle.

Demographics

USCensusPop
1930=21206
1940=24115
1950=30644
1960=39931
1970=41409
1980=37836
1990=36701
2000=39394
estimate= 39874
estyear=2006
estref= [http://factfinder.census.gov/servlet/SAFFPopulation?_event=Search&geo_id=16000US3413690&_geoContext=01000US%7C04000US34%7C16000US3413690&_street=&_county=linden&_cityTown=linden&_state=04000US34&_zip=&_lang=en&_sse=on&ActiveGeoDiv=geoSelect&_useEV=&pctxt=fph&pgsl=160&_submenuId=population_0&ds_name=null&_ci_nbr=null&qr_name=null&reg=null%3Anull&_keyword=&_industry= Census data for Linden city] , United States Census Bureau. Accessed March 1, 2007.]
footnote=Population 1930 - 1990. [ [http://www.wnjpin.net/OneStopCareerCenter/LaborMarketInformation/lmi01/poptrd6.htm New Jersey Resident Population by Municipality: 1930 - 1990] , Workforce New Jersey Public Information Network. Accessed March 1, 2007.]
As of the censusGR|2 of 2000, there were 39,394 people, 15,052 households, and 10,084 families residing in the city. The population density was 3,645.5 people per square mile (1,407.0/km²). There were 15,567 housing units at an average density of 1,440.6/sq mi (556.0/km²). The racial makeup of the city was 66.08% White, 22.80% African American, 0.14% Native American, 2.35% Asian, 0.04% Pacific Islander, 4.88% from other races, and 3.71% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 14.40% of the population.

There were 15,052 households out of which 29.0% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 46.7% were married couples living together, 15.3% had a female householder with no husband present, and 33.0% were non-families. 27.9% of all households were made up of individuals and 13.6% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.60 and the average family size was 3.21.

In the city the population was spread out with 22.5% under the age of 18, 8.2% from 18 to 24, 30.4% from 25 to 44, 22.7% from 45 to 64, and 16.3% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 38 years. For every 100 females there were 90.4 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 85.2 males.

The median income for a household in the city was $46,345, and the median income for a family was $54,903. Males had a median income of $39,457 versus $30,395 for females. The per capita income for the city was $21,314. About 5.0% of families and 6.4% of the population were below the poverty line, including 8.1% of those under age 18 and 7.8% of those age 65 or over.

Government

Local government

The Mayor of Linden is [http://www.linden-nj.org/council/mayor.htm Richard J. Gerbounka] . Gerbounka, who served twelve years on the City Council and ran as an independent, defeating long-time mayor John T. Gregorio by an unofficial vote of 4,786 to 4,717. City Council President Robert Bunk was re-elected unopposed. Democrat Nominee Christopher J. Kolibas defeated independent Pat Hero in the 1st Ward race to replace retiring incumbent Edwin Schulhafer. Incumbent independent Robert Frazier was re-elected in the 9th Ward. [ [http://thnt.com/apps/pbcs.dll/article?AID=/20061108/NEWS0103/611080437/1005/NEWS01 Gerbounka upsets Gregorio in Linden] , "Home News Tribune", November 8, 2006.]

The former longtime Mayor of Linden (term ended December 31, 2006) is 82-year-old John T. Gregorio, who served as mayor of Linden for 30, nonconsecutive years and was repeatedly tagged with scandal during his mayoral career, including one felony conviction, later pardoned, which forced him from office for two terms. [ [http://www.njmonthly.com/issues/may06/gregorio.html A Man of Influence] , "New Jersey Monthly", May 2006.]

Members of the City Council are [ [http://www.linden-nj.org City of Linden] . Accessed April 18, 2008.] :
* Council President - [http://www.linden-nj.org/council/council_president.htm Robert F. Bunk]
* First Ward - [http://www.linden-nj.org/council/1st_ward.htm Christopher Kolibas]
* Second Ward - [http://www.linden-nj.org/council/2nd_ward.htm Richard Koziol]
* Third Ward - [http://www.linden-nj.org/council/3rd_ward.htm Joe Harvanik]
* Fourth Ward - [http://www.linden-nj.org/council/4th_ward.htm Derek Armstead]
* Fifth Ward - [http://www.linden-nj.org/council/5th_ward.htm Gene Davis]
* Sixth Ward - [http://www.linden-nj.org/council/6th_ward.htm Charles J. Crane]
* Seventh Ward - [http://www.linden-nj.org/council/7th_ward.htm Jack Sheehy]
* Eighth Ward - [http://www.linden-nj.org/council/8th_ward.htm Michele Yamakaitis]
* Ninth Ward - [http://www.linden-nj.org/council/9th_ward.htm Robert Frazier]
* Tenth Ward - [http://www.linden-nj.org/council/10th_ward.htm Bruce Howe]

Federal, state and county representation

Linden is split between the Seventh, Tenth and Thirteenth Congressional Districts and is part of New Jersey's 22nd Legislative District. [ [http://www.lwvnj.org/pubs/CG06.pdf 2006 New Jersey Citizen's Guide to Government] , New Jersey League of Women Voters, p. 59. Accessed August 30, 2006.]

Education

Public schools

The Linden Public Schools serve students in kindergarten through twelfth grade. Schools in the district (with 2005-06 enrollment data from the National Center for Education Statistics [ [http://nces.ed.gov/ccd/schoolsearch/school_list.asp?Search=1&DistrictID=3408610 Data for the Linden Public Schools] , National Center for Education Statistics. Accessed April 18, 2007.] ) are eight elementary schools — [http://www.linden.k12.nj.us/school1/ School No. 1] (434 students), [http://www.linden.k12.nj.us/school2/ School No. 2] (307), [http://www.linden.k12.nj.us/school4/ School No. 4] (461), [http://www.linden.k12.nj.us/school5/ School No. 5] (354), [http://www.linden.k12.nj.us/school6/ School No. 6] (347), [http://www.linden.k12.nj.us/school8/ School No. 8] (314), [http://www.linden.k12.nj.us/school9/ School No. 9] (374), [http://www.linden.k12.nj.us/school10/ School No. 10] (356) — [http://www.linden.k12.nj.us/mcmanus/ McManus Middle School] (727) and [http://www.linden.k12.nj.us/soehl/ Joseph E. Soehl Middle School] (679) for grades 6-8 and
Linden High School for grades 9-12 (1,929).

Private schools

* [http://www.smeacademy.org/ Saints Mary and Elizabeth Academy] , Catholic school, Pre-K through 8th grade
* [http://www.sjanj.org/ St. John the Apostle School] Pre-K through 8th grade
*Victory Christian Academy, Pre-K through 12th grade

Transportation

Highways

Linden is served by U.S. Route 1/9 and Route 27. It is also the western terminus of Interstate 278, which travels through all five boroughs of New York City.

The Garden State Parkway passes less than a mile west of the city limits. The New Jersey Turnpike passes through the eastern portion of the city, but the nearest exit (Exit 13) is just beyond the city limits in nearby Elizabeth.

Public Transportation

Local public transportation is provided by New Jersey Transit with bus service to Elizabeth, Perth Amboy and Newark.

New Jersey Transit buses 112 and 115 provide local service and interstate service to the Port Authority Bus Terminal in Midtown Manhattan.

Linden Train station is on the NJ Transit's North Jersey Coast Line and the Northeast Corridor Line.

Airport

Linden Airport is a small general aviation facility located on the eastern side of the city along U.S. Route 1/9.

Newark Liberty International Airport is approximately 15 minutes away.

Industry

Together with Elizabeth, Linden is home to the Bayway Refinery, a ConocoPhillips refining facility that helps supply petroleum-based products to the New York/New Jersey area, producing approximately 230,000 barrels per day.

In the mid-20th century, Linden was the headquarters for the Regal Records and the De Luxe Records record labels.

For many years, Linden was also home to a General Motors manufacturing plants, which produced cars from 1937 through 2005. The plant produced Oldsmobile, Pontiac, Buick and other GM automobiles, but also produced planes during World War II. [ [http://car-reviews.automobile.com/news/gm-to-end-blazer-jimmy-production-and-close-new-jersey-plant/37/ GM to End Blazer/Jimmy Production and Close New Jersey Plant] , Automobile.com, dated December 6, 2004.] As of Spring of 2008 most of the plant has been torn down for redevelopment.

Linden, together with Rahway, is home to Merck & Co., one of the world's leading pharmaceutical companies. The site of this pharmaceutical company recently celebrated 100 years in Rahway and Linden.

Notable residents

*Tiffany Andrade (born 1985), Miss New Jersey USA 2008 & 2nd runner-up to Miss USA 2008. . [ [http://209.161.109.27/tiffany_bio.html "Biography of Tiffany Andrade"] , "Miss New Jersey USA Website". Accessed April 20, 2008.]
*George Thomas Coker (born 1943), United States Navy navigator who spent over six years as a POW after being shot down over North Vietnam in 1966. [ [http://select.nytimes.com/gst/abstract.html?res=F70815F939551A7493C7A91788D85F478785F9 "A JERSEY P.O.W. AMONG RELEASED; Freeing of Navigator Brings Happy Tears in Linden"] , "The New York Times", March 5, 1973. Accessed December 5, 2007.]
*Carolyn Dorin-Ballard (1964-), professional bowler. [Pezzano, Chuck. [http://www.highbeam.com/doc/1P1-51004723.html "BOHN, DORIN-BALLARD REAP MORE ACCOLADES"] , "The Record (Bergen County)", February 24, 2002. Accessed May 13, 2007. "Parker Bohn III of Jackson and Carolyn Dorin-Ballard of Linden were named honorary captains of the recently announced All-America teams in polls conducted by the American Bowling Congress and Women's International Bowling Congress."]
*Cathy Dorin, pro bowler. [Caballero, Paula. [http://nl.newsbank.com/nl-search/we/Archives?p_product=ST&s_site=dfw&p_multi=ST&p_theme=realcities&p_action=search&p_maxdocs=200&p_topdoc=1&p_text_direct-0=0EAF911AB55ACA43&p_field_direct-0=document_id&p_perpage=10&p_sort=YMD_date:D&s_trackval=GooglePM "INSIDE BOWLING Sisters have historic meeting in LPBT finals"] , "Fort Worth Star-Telegram", June 23, 1997. Accessed May 13, 2007. " Cathy Dorin of Linden, N.J., outdueled sister Carolyn Dorin-Ballard of North Richland Hills, 245-203, Thursday in the first stepladder match of the $65,000 Sam's Town Tunica Mid South Classic in Memphis, Tenn."]
*Timothy Hodge (born 1982), singer/actor.Fact|date=July 2008
*Eddie Kasko (born 1932), former infielder, manager, scout and front office executive in Major League Baseball. [Crehan, Herbert F. [http://books.google.com/books?id=Pjw3k_MbzrgC&pg=PA191&lpg=PA191&dq=%22eddie+kasko%22+linden&source=web&ots=O2veENYwog&sig=PP4kSJrBXcDnVfVb-1eeTPxVeYw "Red Sox Heroes of Yesteryear"] , p. 191. Accessed May 13, 2007. "I was the last one cut, but I headed home to Linden, New Jersey, Figuring I had better get a job."]

References

External links

* [http://www.linden-nj.org Linden website]
* [http://linden.k12.nj.us/ Linden Public Schools]
*NJReportCard|39|2660|0|Linden Public Schools
* [http://nces.ed.gov/ccd/schoolsearch/school_list.asp?Search=1&DistrictID=3408610 Data for the Linden Public Schools] , National Center for Education Statistics


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