Green Brook Township, New Jersey


Green Brook Township, New Jersey
Green Brook Township, New Jersey
—  Township  —
Map of Green Brook Township in Somerset County. Inset: Location of Somerset County in New Jersey.
Census Bureau map of Green Brook Township, New Jersey.
Coordinates: 40°36′16″N 74°28′58″W / 40.60444°N 74.48278°W / 40.60444; -74.48278Coordinates: 40°36′16″N 74°28′58″W / 40.60444°N 74.48278°W / 40.60444; -74.48278
Country United States
State New Jersey
County Somerset
Incorporated April 2, 1872 as North Plainfield Township
Reincorporated November 8, 1931 as Green Brook Township
Government
 – Type Township (New Jersey)
 – Mayor Jerry Searfoss (term ends 2011)[1]
 – Administrator Kelly Cupit[2]
Area
 – Total 4.6 sq mi (11.9 km2)
 – Land 4.6 sq mi (11.9 km2)
 – Water 0.0 sq mi (0.0 km2)
Elevation[3] 246 ft (75 m)
Population (2010 Census)
 – Total 7,203
 – Density 1,565.9/sq mi (605.3/km2)
Time zone Eastern (EST) (UTC-5)
 – Summer (DST) EDT (UTC-4)
ZIP code 08812
Area code(s) 732/818, 908
FIPS code 34-27510[4][5]
GNIS feature ID 0882172[6]
Website http://www.greenbrooktwp.org

Green Brook Township is a township in Somerset County, New Jersey, United States. As of the 2010 United States Census, the township population was 7,203.

What is now Green Brook was originally created as North Plainfield Township on April 2, 1872, from portions of Warren Township. Portions of the township were taken to form North Plainfield borough (June 9, 1885) and Watchung (March 23, 1926). Green Brook was incorporated as a township by an Act of the New Jersey Legislature on November 8, 1931, replacing North Plainfield Township, based on the results of a referendum held that same day.[7][8]

Most of Green Brook shares ZIP code 08812 with Dunellen.

The township's unofficial motto is "Small Enough to Know You, Large Enough to Get Things Done".[8]

Contents

Geography

According to the United States Census Bureau, the township has a total area of 4.6 square miles (12 km2), all of it land. Green Brook is in Raritan Valley, a line of cities in central New Jersey. Green Brook lies in the northern division of Raritan Valley along with North Plainfield.

Demographics

Historical populations
Census Pop.
1930 544
1940 763 40.3%
1950 1,155 51.4%
1960 3,622 213.6%
1970 4,302 18.8%
1980 4,640 7.9%
1990 4,460 −3.9%
2000 5,654 26.8%
2010 7,203 27.4%
Population 1930 - 1990.[9]

As of the census[4] of 2000, there were 5,654 people, 1,893 households, and 1,508 families residing in the township. The population density was 1,234.7 people per square mile (476.6/km²). There were 1,916 housing units at an average density of 418.4 per square mile (161.5/km²). The racial makeup of the township was 88.43% White, 1.68% African American, 0.07% Native American, 7.99% Asian, 0.04% Pacific Islander, 0.71% from other races, and 1.08% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 4.09% of the population.

There were 1,893 households out of which 37.0% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 69.0% were married couples living together, 7.9% had a female householder with no husband present, and 20.3% were non-families. 15.9% of all households were made up of individuals and 6.2% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.84 and the average family size was 3.20.

In the township the population was spread out with 24.3% under the age of 18, 4.8% from 18 to 24, 30.5% from 25 to 44, 24.8% from 45 to 64, and 15.6% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 40 years. For every 100 females there were 91.7 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 89.0 males.

The median income for a household in the township was $80,644, and the median income for a family was $87,744. Males had a median income of $52,147 versus $46,434 for females. The per capita income for the township was $37,290. About 1.7% of families and 2.4% of the population were below the poverty line, including 0.9% of those under age 18 and 5.5% of those age 65 or over.

Government

Local government

The Township Committee form of government consists of five members who each serve a term of three years on a staggered basis. At a reorganization meeting, held each year within the first week of January, the Committee elects a Mayor and a Deputy Mayor for that year from among its members.

As of 2011, members of the Green Brook Township Committee are Mayor Jerry Searfoss (2013), Deputy Mayor Patrick Boccio (2012), Keri Benscoter (2011), Kenneth Herrmann (2012) and Edward Pfeifer (2011).[10]

Federal, state and county representation

Green Brook Township is in the 7th Congressional district. New Jersey's Seventh Congressional District is represented by Leonard Lance (R, Clinton Township). New Jersey is represented in the United States Senate by Frank Lautenberg (D, Cliffside Park) and Bob Menendez (D, Hoboken).

Green Brook is in the 22nd Legislative District of the New Jersey Legislature, which is represented in the New Jersey Senate by Nicholas Scutari (D, Linden) and in the New Jersey General Assembly by Jerry Green (D, Plainfield) and Linda Stender (D, Fanwood).[11]

Somerset County is governed by a five-member Board of Chosen Freeholders, whose members are elected at-large to three-year terms of office on a staggered basis, with one or two seats coming up for election each year.[12] As of 2011, Somerset County's Freeholders are Freeholder Director Robert Zaborowski (Franklin Township, term ends December 31, 2011)[13], Freeholder Deputy Director Patricia L. Walsh (Green Brook Township, 2013)[14], Jack Ciattarelli (Hillsborough Township, 2012)[15], Peter S. Palmer (Bernardsville, 2011)[16] and Patrick Scaglione (Bridgewater Township, 2012).[17][18]

History

In 1872, a tract of land was subdivided off from Warren Township. Thirteen years later, in 1885, the Borough of North Plainfield was created from a section of the subdivided land. The land at that time was designated as North Plainfield. Many years later, in 1926, the Borough of Watchung was carved out of North Plainfield Township. The remaining land continued until 1932, when the name changed to Green Brook Township.[8]

Green Brook Township took its name from the powerful brook that passes through the township called the Green Brook that rises in the Watchung Mountains several miles away, feeding from many smaller brooks and ponds along the way, as it flows in a southwesterly direction for a distance of fifteen miles (24 km). It then continues southwestward and flows into the Raritan River at Bound Brook, New Jersey.

Also contained within the boundaries of this community is Washington Rock State Park, which commemorates the spot where George Washington and Marquis de Lafayette watched the movement of the British soldiers during the American Revolutionary War, mainly the months of May and June 1777. Washington Rock State Park was commissioned on March 17, 1913 and is about 34 acres (140,000 m2) in size.

Education

The Green Brook School District serves public school students in Kindergarten through eighth grade. Within the district there are two schools (with 2008-09 enrollment data from the National Center for Education Statistics[19]), the Irene E. Feldkirchner Elementary School (grades K-3; 422 students) and the Green Brook Middle School (grades 4-8; 561 students). Both the elementary school and the middle school recently underwent construction. The schools are now much larger and contain more classrooms to help facilitate the students learning. Green Brook Middle School is now currently remodeling the track and field and installing solar panels on the roof.

For the 1998-99 school year, Irene E. Feldkirchner Elementary School was recognized with the Blue Ribbon Award from the United States Department of Education, the highest honor that an American school can achieve.[20]

Green Brook's public school students in grades 9-12 attend public school at Watchung Hills Regional High School in Warren Township. Students from Green Brook and from the neighboring communities of Watchung and Warren Township (in Somerset County) and Long Hill Township (in Morris County) attend the school.[21] Watchung Hills underwent some recent remodeling and now has a new gym, auditorium, and classrooms.

Community organizations

There are several committees and organizations within the township of Green Brook. Green Brook has a Baptist church on Greenbrook Road. There is the Green Brook Seniors, which is held at the Senior Center. This is a place for all township seniors to meet and participate in different events. Green Brook also has a Lions Club, which volunteers for different causes. The Green Brook Recreation Committee is a volunteer organization that provides programs and event for all residents.

Notable residents

Notable current and former residents of Green Brook Township include:

References

  1. ^ 2011 New Jersey Mayors Directory, New Jersey Department of Community Affairs. Accessed September 24, 2011.
  2. ^ Directory, Green Brook Township. Accessed March 28, 2011.
  3. ^ U.S. Geological Survey Geographic Names Information System: Township of Green Brook, Geographic Names Information System, accessed December 20, 2007.
  4. ^ a b "American FactFinder". United States Census Bureau. http://factfinder.census.gov. Retrieved 2008-01-31. 
  5. ^ A Cure for the Common Codes: New Jersey, Missouri Census Data Center. Accessed July 14, 2008.
  6. ^ "US Board on Geographic Names". United States Geological Survey. 2007-10-25. http://geonames.usgs.gov. Retrieved 2008-01-31. 
  7. ^ "The Story of New Jersey's Civil Boundaries: 1606-1968", John P. Snyder, Bureau of Geology and Topography; Trenton, New Jersey; 1969. p. 223.
  8. ^ a b c about our town, Green Brook Township. Accessed April 27, 2008. Lists 1932 as the date when the township's name was changed to Green Brook.
  9. ^ New Jersey Resident Population by Municipality: 1930 - 1990, Workforce New Jersey Public Information Network. Accessed March 1, 2007.
  10. ^ Township Committee, Green Brook Township. Accessed March 28, 2011.
  11. ^ "Legislative Roster: 2010-2011 Session". New Jersey Legislature. http://www.njleg.state.nj.us/members/roster.asp. Retrieved 2010-07-21. 
  12. ^ Somerset County Government: At Your Service, Somerset County, New Jersey. Accessed January 6, 2011.
  13. ^ Robert Zaborowski, Somerset County, New Jersey. Accessed January 9, 2011.
  14. ^ Patricia Walsh, Somerset County, New Jersey. Accessed January 9, 2011.
  15. ^ Jack Ciattarelli, Somerset County, New Jersey. Accessed January 9, 2011.
  16. ^ Peter S. Palmer, Somerset County, New Jersey. Accessed January 9, 2011.
  17. ^ Patrick Scaglione, Somerset County, New Jersey. Accessed January 9, 2011.
  18. ^ 2011 Somerset County Board of Chosen Freeholders, Somerset County, New Jersey. Accessed January 9, 2011.
  19. ^ Data for the Green Brook School District, National Center for Education Statistics. Accessed April 27, 2008.
  20. ^ Blue Ribbon Schools Program: Schools Recognized 1982-1983 through 1999-2002 (PDF), United States Department of Education. Accessed March 28, 2011.
  21. ^ Somerset County School Districts-Sending/Receiving/Regional, Somerset County Superintendent of Schools. Accessed April 27, 2008.
  22. ^ Lamberg, Erica. "Green Brook people", Courier News (New Jersey), May 19, 2004. Accessed March 28, 2011. "Crook, 38, was raised in Green Brook and said much of his spare time growing up was spent playing guitar."
  23. ^ Johnson, Brent. "Somerset teen brings home gold from Winter Paralympics", The Star-Ledger, March 24, 2010. Accessed March 28, 2011. "Today was Pauls’ first day back at school after helping the United States win gold in sled hockey at the international tournament — the equivalent of the Olympics for handicapped athletes. The Green Brook teen was the youngest member of the squad."

External links


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