- Capital punishment in Alabama
capital punishmentis legal and in use by the U.S. State of Alabama.
The death penalty in
Alabamawas reinstated on March 5, 1976[http://users.bestweb.net/~rg/execution/regional_studies_south.htm Regional Studies The South ] ] , when Alabama's legislature passed a new death penalty statute (In 1972 Furman v. Georgiacase, the United States Supreme Courtruled that current statutes are unconstitutional, which results effective ban on the capital punishment until Gregg v. Georgia, which overturned Furman in 1976. After Furman every death sentences in country were commuted, but number of states passed a new statutes, although no execution was carried out until 1977) and Governor George Wallacesigned it.
From 1927 [ [http://users.bestweb.net/~rg/Electric%20Chairs/Alabama%20Electric%20Chair.htm Alabama's Chair ] ] until 2002
electric chairwas the only method of executions in Alabama. From July 2002 lethal injectionbecame the primary method. Inmates still could chose electrocution [ [http://www.deathpenaltyinfo.org/article.php?scid=8&did=245 Methods of Execution ] ] .
After injection was introduced, every inmates chose this over electric chair. The last person executed involuntary in the chair in Alabama (and, to date, last in the U.S.) was
Lynda Lyon Block.
Executions are carried out in
38 people were executed by the state of Alabama from 1983. 24 of them were electrocuted and 14 executed by lethal injection [ [http://www.doc.state.al.us/execution.asp Inmates Executed in Alabama ] ] [http://www.deathpenaltyinfo.org/executions.php Death Penalty Information Center ] ] .
Currently there are 195 people on the death row [ [http://www.deathpenaltyinfo.org/state/ Death Penalty Information Center ] ]
That's includes 91 black males, 103 white males, 2 other males, 2 black females and 2 white females [ [http://www.doc.state.al.us/deathrow.asp Inmates on Deathrow ] ] .
Intentional murder with 18 aggravating factors [ [http://www.deathpenaltyinfo.org/article.php?did=144&scid=10 Crimes Punishable by the Death Penalty ] ] .
Governor of Alabamahas a sole authority to grant a commutation of a clemency in capital cases [http://www.deathpenaltyinfo.org/article.php?did=126&scid=13 Clemency ] ] .
There was only one commutation of a death sentence after 1976.
Judith Ann Neeley's death sentence was commuted to life in prison with possibility of parole by outgoing Governor Fob Jamesin January 1999.
Alabama death penalty system is criticized for ineffective legal support for inmates facing death sentence. Also some cases are highly controversial.
Brian K. Baldwinwas executed in 1999 despite lack of evidences of his guilty and, many questions raised about his trial and investigations and other evidences which could claims his innocence [ [http://www.ejusa.org/grip/reasonabledoubt/Brian%20K.%20Baldwin.html Brian K. Baldwin ] ] .
Other controversial cases results execution were cased of
Freddie Lee Wrightand Cornelius Singleton[ [http://www.truthinjustice.org/prob-innocent.htm Probably Innocent But Executed ] ] .
People executed since 1983
Capital crimes includes: murder, rape, arson, robberyhttp://users.bestweb.net/~rg/execution/ALABAMA.htm] . Alabama executed the last person convicted by crime other than murder in the U.S. (James Coburn in 1964 for robbery).
To Kill a Mockingbird
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