- Little Egg Harbor Township, New Jersey
official_name = Little Egg Harbor, New Jersey
settlement_type = Township
mapsize = 250x200px
map_caption = Map of Little Egg Harbor Township in Ocean County
subdivision_type = Country
subdivision_type1 = State
subdivision_type2 = County
subdivision_name2 = Ocean
Township (New Jersey)
leader_name = Scott Stites (2009)
established_title = Founded
February 13, 1740
established_title1 = Incorporated
February 21, 1798
unit_pref = Imperial
area_total_km2 = 189.5
area_land_km2 = 127.2
area_water_km2 = 62.3
area_total_sq_mi = 73.2
area_land_sq_mi = 49.1
area_water_sq_mi = 24.1
population_as_of = 2006
population_total = 20283
population_density_km2 = 125.4
population_density_sq_mi = 324.7
timezone = Eastern (EST)
utc_offset = -5
timezone_DST = EDT
utc_offset_DST = -4
elevation_footnotes = [Gnis|882067|Township of Little Egg Harbor,
Geographic Names Information System, accessed January 4, 2008.]
elevation_m = 0
elevation_ft = 0
latd = 39 |latm = 36 |lats = 39 |latNS = N
longd = 74 |longm = 21 |longs = 26 |longEW = W
postal_code = 08087
area_code = 609
blank_name = FIPS code
blank_info = 34-40560GR|2 [ [http://mcdc2.missouri.edu/webrepts/commoncodes/ccc_nj.html A Cure for the Common Codes: New Jersey] , Missouri Census Data Center. Accessed
July 14, 2008.]
blank1_name = GNIS feature ID
blank1_info = 0882067GR|3
website = http://www.leht.com/
Little Egg Harbor Township was formed on
February 13, 1740, as Egg Harbour Township from portions of Northampton Township (now Mount Holly Township), while the area was still part of Burlington County. It was incorporated as one of New Jersey's original 104 townships by an Act of the New Jersey Legislatureon February 21, 1798. While in Burlington County, portions of the township were taken to form Washington Township ( November 19, 1802) and Bass River Township ( March 30, 1864). Little Egg Harbor Township became part of Ocean County on March 30, 1891, after which further portions of the township were annexed to create Long Beach Township ( March 23, 1899) and Tuckerton ( February 18, 1901)."The Story of New Jersey's Civil Boundaries: 1606-1968", John P. Snyder, Bureau of Geology and Topography; Trenton, New Jersey; 1969. p. 203.]
Mystic Island (2000 Census population of 8,694) is a
census-designated placeand unincorporated area in the southern part of the township. The borough of Tuckerton is within the township but is politically independent. Little Egg Harbor and Tuckerton share the same ZIP code.
Originally part of Burlington County, Little Egg Harbor took its name from the portion of a bay called Egg Harbor (known today as
Little Egg Harbor) by the Dutch sailors because of the eggs found in nearby gull nests. The first known account of the town was made by Captain Cornelius Jacobsen May in 1614. [ [http://oceancountylibrary.org/Branches/LEH/lehcomprofile.htm Little Egg Harbor Community Profile] , Ocean County Library. Accessed October 6, 2007.]
The first man to settle the township was Hanry Jacobs Falkinburg Sr. He arrived a little before 1698 and would trade with the local Native Americans, giving him farmland and plots of land known now as Wills Island and Osborn Island. Later, as Falkinburg could speak fluent Lenni Lenape, he acted as an interpreter between the Indians and settlers.
In October 1778, the
Little Egg Harbor Massacretook place as Patrick Fergusonwas wreaking havoc on Colonial shipping in the Mullica River. Kazimierz Pułaskiand his newly raised forces were ordered to oppose his actions. Pulaski's Legion, along with three companies of light infantry, three troops of light horse, and one artillery detachment, came too late to be of great use against Ferguson's operations. But their arrival did stop Ferguson from raiding the iron works at Batsto, and stemmed their attacks on privateers at The Forks of the Mullica River.
They then set up camp on a farm. A deserter, Lt. Gustav Juliet, found Ferguson and told him of Pulaski's encampment; he mentioned that morale was fairly low, and security almost nonexistent, so that a surprise attack would be devastating. Ferguson promptly loaded 250 of his best men onto boats and rowed them, in the dark, some ten miles (16 km) to Osborne Island. He then marched them a further two miles (3 km) to the site of the infantry outpost, which comprised fifty men a short distance from the main encampment. At first light, Ferguson ordered the attack; only five of his quarry were taken alive. Pulaski eventually led his mounted troops up, causing Ferguson to retreat to his boats minus a few men that had fallen into the colonists' hands. A memorial on Radio Road commemorates the attack.
One of the first recorded ships of the township was a sloop belonging to Thomas Ridgway Sr. John Mathis Sr. also had a ship which his son, Daniel, sailed the West Indian routes. They made a profit from selling clams and oysters.
Tuckerton Wireless Tower
The 825 foot [http://www.lehsd.k12.nj.us/virtualcom/Giffordtown/Wireless/tuckerton_wireless.htm Tuckerton Wireless Tower] (coord|39.5585|N|74.3706|W|) was built in 1912 [ "Tuckerton Station Claimed by French" New York Times, Jan 16, 1915 ] by the German "Hochfrequenzmaschin Aktiengesellschaft Fuer Drahtlose Telegraphie" company (The High Frequency Machine Corporation for Wireless Telegraphy, often referred to as HOMAG) when the present-day Mystic Island was called Hickory Island. The [http://mcnally.cc/wgg/gsw10.jpgtower] was used to communicate with an identical radio telegraph station in Eilvese, Germany starting on 19 Jun 1914, less than two weeks before the [http://www.gwpda.org/1914/ferddead.html assassination of Archduke Ferdinand] . The [http://www.ettc.net/njarts/details.cfm?ID=808 station] continued to communicate with Eilvese [ "Goldschmidt Transatlantic Radio Station, John L Hogan Jr, Electrical World, Oct 31, 1914 ] until America entered
World War Ion . It is rumored that it was used to send the message to order the attack by a German U-boaton the RMS Lusitania. After President Wilson's [http://www.gwpda.org/1914/wilsonneut.html Declaration of Neutrality] , the President [http://www.presidency.ucsb.edu/ws/index.php?pid=75378 ordered] the US Navy to take over the station on [http://www.gwpda.org/naval/usnrf.htm 9 Sep 1914] to assure the [http://earlyradiohistory.us/1963hw19.htm#19sec2 neutrality of messages] sent to and from the station; however, the station continued to be operated by German nationals employed by HOMAG and continued to communicate only with the [http://earlyradiohistory.us/1963hw19.htm#19sec3 Eilvese radio station] .
When America entered the war, all U.S. radio stations were seized and shut down by [http://www.presidency.ucsb.edu/ws/index.php?pid=75415 Executive Order] . The remaining German personnel at Tuckerton immediately became war prisoners and were replaced by U.S. Navy personnel. The Navy used the [http://mcnally.cc/tuckmain.htm Tuckerton Radio Station] for transatlantic communications while the naval radio stations in [http://earlyradiohistory.us/1963hw20.htm#20sec2 New Brunswick, NJ] and Sayville, NY were undergoing major transmitter and antenna upgrades. Tuckerton was used for fleet broadcasts after installations of 200 kilowatt transmitters at New Brunswick and Sayville were completed in June, 1918.
After the war, the [http://www.ettc.net/njarts/details.cfm?ID=808 Tuckerton Wireless Station] was included in German war reparations paid to America. Shortly afterwards, it was sold to
RCAwhich operated it until 1948 as a backup to their famous Radio Central facility in Rocky Point, New York. In 1921, RCA installed two massive Alexanderson alternators, which were removed in 1948. For transatlantic communications, The radio station operated under the call signs WCI and WGG. For coastal communications, after World War I, the station operated under the callsign WSC. The [http://www.njhm.com/images/tuckertontower.jpgconvert|820|ft|m|0|sing=on steel tower] , anchored by three large concrete blocks, was taken down on December 27, 1955. [ [http://www.oceancountylibrary.org/Branches/T/tcomprofile.htm Tuckerton Community Profile] , accessed April 2, 2007. "Just prior to World War I, the German government built the Tuckerton Wireless, a convert|680|ft|m|0 tall tower with the capability of communicating directly with Europe. The tower was operated by German nationals until the entrance of the United States into the war. Local folklore maintains that the message "Get the Lucy" was broadcast from the tower, which resulted in the famous sinking of the Lusitania. The tower was dismantled in 1955. "] The three huge anchor blocks still exist today, in a backyard on [http://www.stuofdoom.com/blocks.html North Ensign Drive] and in the middle of [http://www.saturation.org/saturationblog/archives/blocks2.jpgSouth Ensign Drive and Staysail Drive] . Many smaller anchor blocks providing foundations for [http://www.njhm.com/images/tuckertontower.jpgsmaller towers visible in this photo] , that supported the umbrella antennaare still visible in the lagoons. Remains of the large tower can be seen in scraps at the [http://www.tuckertonlehhs.org/schoolhouse.php Giffordtown Museum] .
Little Egg Harbor today
Little Egg Harbor is growing rapidly, adding 2,500 more residents since the 2000 Census. [http://www.thekleinergroup.com/|The Kleiner Group] and [http://www.karahomes.com/ Kara Homes] are the main developers of the community, with Kleiner building three separate developments since 2001: Holly Lake, Sunrise Bay, and Cranberry Creek. Sunrise Bay and Cranberry Creek are both adult communities and Holly Lake is single family; and Kara Homes building three developments: Winding Run, Hartley Estates, and Waters Edge. Construction of the three developments were temporarily ceased when Kara Homes filed for bankruptcy in 2006.
Major developments in Little Egg Harbor Township include Tall Timbers (Townhomes, Radio Road and Center Street), Atlantis (Single Family Homes, Radio Road and Great Bay Boulevard, also home to Ocean County Golf Course at Atlantis), Holly Lake (Single Family Homes, Radio Road), Holly Lake Park (Single Family Homes and Condos, Oak Lane), Harbourtown Villas & Estates (Townhomes and Single Family Homes, Radio Road), Tavistock (Townhomes, Radio Road and Mathistown Road), Cross Creek (Single Family Homes, Center Street), and many more.
Cranberry Creek also helped the extension of Otis Bog Road, from U.S. Route 9, to Center Street. Holly Lake and Holly Lake Park are separate communities, Holly Lake Park is the original, and they both share ownership of the same freshwater lake, Holly Lake. The lake contains lots of sunnies and Northern River Otters. The lake drains out to the
Little Egg Harborand Barnegat Bay. Another local river from that network is Willis Creek, running through and providing lagoons for the Atlantis Development.
Mystic Island is a master-planned community built in the 1960s with lagoon-front homes. Most of the homes have either been expanded on or torn down then replaced with larger homes, usually set on pilings. The Tuckerton Wireless tower was located here.
Little Egg Harbor Township was in the headlines after the
November 3, 2004, Little Egg Harbor Intermediate School Bombingwhen a fighter jet on a training mission from the 113th Wing of the District of Columbia Air National Guard, based at Andrews Air Force Basein Maryland, shot seven bullets into the Intermediate School's roof, and many others into the parking lot. The plane had been on a training mission at the [http://www.globalsecurity.org/military/facility/warren-grove-r.htm Warren Grove Gunnery Range] , a convert|2400|acre|km2|0|sing=on area about 3½ miles from the school. The coverage was featured on many popular network stations. The school was repaired during the New Jersey Teachers' Convention. Only a few custodians were in the school, and nobody was injured. [ [http://www.pressofatlanticcity.com/news/story/6895028p-6759388c.html Little Egg school shot by jet to get $519,000] , " Press of Atlantic City", November 2, 2006.]
According to the
United States Census Bureau, the township has a total area of 73.2 square miles (189.5 km²), of which, 49.1 square miles (127.2 km²) of it is land and 24.1 square miles (62.3 km²) of it (32.90%) is water.
estref= [http://factfinder.census.gov/servlet/SAFFPopulation?_event=Search&geo_id=06000US3402940560&_geoContext=01000US%7C04000US34%7C05000US34029%7C06000US3402940560&_street=&_county=little+egg+harbor&_cityTown=little+egg+harbor&_state=04000US34&_zip=&_lang=en&_sse=on&ActiveGeoDiv=geoSelect&_useEV=&pctxt=fph&pgsl=060&_submenuId=population_0&ds_name=null&_ci_nbr=null&qr_name=null®=null%3Anull&_keyword=&_industry= Census data for Little Egg Harbor township] ,
United States Census Bureau. Accessed July 30, 2007.]
footnote=Population 1930 - 1990. [ [http://www.wnjpin.net/OneStopCareerCenter/LaborMarketInformation/lmi01/poptrd6.htm New Jersey Resident Population by Municipality: 1930 - 1990] , Workforce New Jersey Public Information Network. Accessed
March 1, 2007.] As of the censusGR|2 of 2000, there were 15,945 people, 6,179 households, and 4,442 families residing in the township. The population densitywas 324.7 people per square mile (125.4/km²). There were 7,931 housing units at an average density of 161.5/sq mi (62.4/km²). The racial makeup of the township was 96.22% White, 0.79% African American, 0.26% Native American, 0.60% Asian, 0.01% Pacific Islander, 0.98% from other races, and 1.15% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 3.26% of the population.
There were 6,179 households out of which 30.3% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 56.8% were married couples living together, 10.4% had a female householder with no husband present, and 28.1% were non-families. 22.5% of all households were made up of individuals and 10.7% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.55 and the average family size was 2.98.
In the township the population was spread out with 24.2% under the age of 18, 6.7% from 18 to 24, 27.5% from 25 to 44, 23.9% from 45 to 64, and 17.7% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 40 years. For every 100 females there were 92.3 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 89.8 males.
The median income for a household in the township was $45,628, and the median income for a family was $51,580. Males had a median income of $39,668 versus $29,576 for females. The
per capita incomefor the township was $20,619. About 4.1% of families and 6.5% of the population were below the poverty line, including 9.4% of those under age 18 and 3.4% of those age 65 or over.
Little Egg Harbor operates under the Township form of New Jersey municipal government. The Township Committee consists of five members elected to serve three-year terms on a staggered basis in partisan elections, with either one or two seats coming up for election each year. Annually, the Township Committee selects one of its members to serve as Mayor, and another as Deputy Mayor, each serving one-year terms. [ [http://www.leht.com/about/frmgovt.php Little Egg Harbor Township form of Government] , Little Egg Harbor Township. Accessed
July 5, 2006.]
The members of the Township Committee are
Mayor[http://www.leht.com/people/peoplestites.php Scott Stites] (R, term ends December 31, 2009), Deputy Mayor[http://www.leht.com/people/peoplekehm.php John Kehm, Jr.] (R, 2008) [http://www.leht.com/people/gormley.php Ray Gormley] (R, 2008) [http://www.leht.com/people/peoplekobryn.php Eugene "Gene" Kobryn] (R, 2010) and [http://www.leht.com/people/midgley.php Arthur Midgley] (R, 2009). [ [http://www.leht.com/people/index.php Elected Officials: Little Egg Harbor Elected Officials as of January 1, 2008] , Little Egg Harbor Township. Accessed March 27, 2008.] [ [http://www.oceancountyclerk.com/elelectedofficials2008.pdf#page=6 2008 Elected Officials of Ocean County] , Ocean County, New Jersey. p. 6. Accessed March 27, 2008.]
Federal, state and county representation
Little Egg Harbor Township is in the Third Congressional District and is part of New Jersey's 9th Legislative District. [ [http://www.lwvnj.org/pubs/CG06.pdf 2006 New Jersey Citizen's Guide to Government] , New Jersey
League of Women Voters, p. 55. Accessed August 30, 2006.]
Students in public school for grades pre-K through 6 attend the schools of the
Little Egg Harbor Township School District. Schools in the district (with 2005-06 enrollment data from the National Center for Education Statistics. [ [http://nces.ed.gov/ccd/schoolsearch/school_list.asp?Search=1&DistrictID=3408700 Data for the Little Egg Harbor Township School District] , National Center for Education Statistics. Accessed March 27, 2008.] ) are [http://www.lehsd.k12.nj.us/gjmpage/gjmhome.htm George J. Mitchell Elementary School] for pre-K through second grade (820 students) and [http://www.lehsd.k12.nj.us/inter/lehinthome.htm Little Egg Harbor Township Intermediate School] for grades 3 to 6 (850 students).
Public school students in grades 7 - 12 attend the schools of the
Pinelands Regional School District, which serves students from Bass River Township, Eagleswood Township, Little Egg Harbor Township and Tuckerton Borough. [ [http://education.state.nj.us/rc/rc07/narrative/29/4105/29-4105-000.html Pinelands Regional School District 2007 Report Card Narrative] , New Jersey Department of Education. Accessed March 27, 2008. "The Pinelands Regional School District covers the municipalities of Bass River, Eagleswood, Little Egg Harbor, and Tuckerton in Ocean and Burlington Counties."] The district includes Pinelands Regional Junior High School (1,082 students in grades 7-9) and Pinelands Regional High School(888 students in grades 10-12). The current combined enrollment is nearly 2,000 students. The student to teacher ratio is 25:1 in the high school, and 22:1 in the middle school.
New Jersey Transitprovides bus service to Atlantic City on the 559 route. [ [http://www.njtransit.com/sf_tp_rc_ocean.shtml Ocean County Bus/Rail Connections] , New Jersey Transit. Accessed July 5, 2007.]
Notable current and former residents of Little Egg harbor Township include:
Brian E. Rumpf, has served in the New Jersey General Assemblysince 2003, and has served on the Little Egg Harbor Township Committee, serving as the township's mayor from 2000 - 2003. [ [http://www.njleg.state.nj.us/members/Rumpf.asp Assemblyman Rumpf's Legislative Website] , New Jersey Legislature. Accessed July 14, 2007.]
* [http://www.leht.com/ Little Egg Harbor Township website]
* [http://www.lehsd.k12.nj.us/ Little Egg Harbor Township School District]
*NJReportCard|29|2690|0|Little Egg Harbor Township School District
* [http://nces.ed.gov/ccd/schoolsearch/school_list.asp?Search=1&DistrictID=3408700 Data for the Little Egg Harbor Township School District] ,
National Center for Education Statistics
* [http://www.pinelandsregional.org/ Pinelands Regional School District]
* [http://www.oceancountylibrary.org/Branches/LEH/leh.htm Little Egg Harbor Branch of Ocean County Library]
* [http://www.schwarzgallery.com/catalog.php?id=75&plate=55&sort=plate Sunset Over the Salt Meadows]
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