- Andrew Jackson Donelson
Andrew Jackson Donelson (
August 25, 1799– June 26, 1871) was an American diplomatand a candidate for Vice President of the United States.
One of the three sons of Samuel and Mary Donelson, Andrew Jackson Donelson was born in
Nashville, Tennessee. His younger brother, Daniel Smith Donelson, would grow up to be a Confederate brigadier general. Donelson's father died when Donelson was about five. When his mother remarried, Donelson moved to The Hermitage, the home of his aunt, Rachel Donelson Jacksonand her husband, Donelson's namesake, future President of the United States Andrew Jackson.
Cumberland Collegein Nashville and then joined the United States Military Academyat West Point, New York, graduating second in his class in 1820. His two years as an officer in the United States Armywere spent as aide-de-campto Andrew Jackson, by then a major general, as Jackson campaigned against the Seminoles in Florida. With the campaign over, Donelson resigned his commission and studied law at Transylvania Universityin Lexington, Kentucky. A year later, he started practicing law in Nashville and, less than a year after that, had married his first cousin, Emily Tennessee Donelson.
Donelson assisted his uncle during the 1824 and 1828 presidential campaigns and, in 1829, he became Jackson's private secretary when his uncle was inaugurated as
President of the United States. His wife Emily served as White Househostess and unofficial First Lady of the United States. Donelson remained Jackson's private secretary throughout his administration. During his stay in Washington, Donelson had his new home, Poplar Grove (later renamed Tulip Grove), constructed on the land he had inherited from his father, which was adjacent to the Hermitage.
In 1836, Tulip Grove was completed. Shortly afterward Emily died of
tuberculosis, leaving four young children. Donelson moved back to Nashvilleafter Jackson's retirement the following year, where he helped Jackson sustain the Democratic party in a variety of ways for the next seven years. These services included writing newspaper editorials defending Democratic principles and helping Democratic candidates campaign for state, local, and national offices. In 1841, Donelson married another cousin, Elizabeth (Martin) Randolph, with whom he would have eight more children. Elizabeth Martin Randolph was a widow of Meriwether Lewis Randolph, a son of Martha Jefferson Randolph, and a grandson of Thomas Jefferson).
In 1844, Donelson was instrumental in helping
James K. Polkwin the Democratic presidential nomination over Martin Van Burenand other more notable candidates. President John Tylerappointed Donelson chargé d'affaires of the United States to the Republic of Texas, probably hoping that Jackson's nephew would help persuade former Tennessee politician Sam Houstonto endorse the United States' annexation of Texas. Donelson was successful in this endeavor, and Texas joined the United States on December 29, 1845. He was then made Minister to Prussiain 1846, a position he would hold until President Polk's Democratic administration was replaced by the Whig administration of Zachary Taylorin 1849 (Donelson's constant complaining about his personal finances and desire for a higher salary probably had more to do with the change than partisan differences.). Between September 1848 and November 1849, during the time of the Frankfurt Parliament, he was the U.S. envoy to the short-lived revolutionary government of Germanyin Frankfurt.
In 1851, Donelson became the editor of the Washington "Union", a Democratic newspaper. However, as sectionalism became the dominant issue of American politics, Donelson became unpopular with several factions within the Democratic party, who forced him out in 1852. In 1856, Donelson was nominated as the running mate of former President
Millard Fillmoreon the American partyticket. Fillmore and Donelson managed to garner only 8 electoral votes.
In 1858, Donelson sold Tulip Grove and moved to Memphis, Tennessee. He participated primarily in local politics there, although he was a delegate to the Constitutional Union party's national nominating convention, which nominated his old Tennessee nemesis,
John Bell, as its presidential candidate. During the Civil War, Donelson was harassed by both sides of the conflict. He also lost two of his sons in the war. During Reconstruction, he split time between his Memphis home and his plantation in Bolivar County, Mississippi. In his correspondence with his wife, he groused about the need to pay wages to African American workers who had once been slaves. He died at the Peabody Hotel, Memphis, Tennesseeand is buried in Elmwood Cemetery.
* Mark R. Cheathem, "Old Hickory's Nephew: The Political and Private Struggles of Andrew Jackson Donelson" (LSU Press, 2007).
*cite web|url=http://bellsouthpwp.net/r/k/rkcastle/txt.Histroy.html|title=The History|work=Historic Rock Castle|accessmonthday=February 20 |accessyear=2006
*cite web|url=http://www.tsha.utexas.edu/handbook/online/articles/DD/fdo13.html|title=Donelson, Andrew Jackson|accessdate=2006-09-03|last=Ellis|first=Hugo|date=
2001-06-06|work=Handbook of Texas Online|publisher=The Texas State Historical Association
* [http://www.hickorytales.com/andrew.html Andrew Jackson Donelson: Jackson's Confidant and Political Heir]
* [http://www.findagrave.com/cgi-bin/fg.cgi?page=gr&GSln=Donelson&GSfn=Andrew&GSmn=Jackson&GSbyrel=all&GSdyrel=all&GSob=n&GRid=8566083& Andrew Jackson Donelson] at
Find A Grave
Wikimedia Foundation. 2010.
Look at other dictionaries:
Andrew Jackson Donelson — Portrait d Andrew J. Donelson Naissance 25 août 1799 … Wikipédia en Français
Andrew Jackson Donelson — (* 25. August 1799 in Nashville, Tennessee; † 26. Juni 1871 in Memphis, Tennessee) war ein Diplomat und Kandidat für die Vizepräsidentschaft der Vereinigten Staaten. Als einer von drei Söhnen von Samuel und Mary Donelson wurde Andrew Jackson… … Deutsch Wikipedia
Andrew J. Donelson — Andrew Jackson Donelson Andrew Jackson Donelson Portrait d Andrew J. Donelson Naissance 25 août … Wikipédia en Français
Andrew Jackson (disambiguation) — Andrew Jackson was the seventh President of the United States, 1829 ndash;1837.Andrew Jackson may also refer to:* Andrew Jackson Donelson, his nephew and secretary, candidate for Vice President of the United States, 1856 * Andrew Jackson, Sr.,… … Wikipedia
Andrew Jackson — Infobox President | name=Andrew Jackson nationality=American order=7th President of the United States term start=March 4, 1829 term end=March 4, 1837 predecessor= John Quincy Adams successor= Martin Van Buren order2=1st Territorial Governor of… … Wikipedia
Andrew Jackson — Pour les articles homonymes, voir Andrew Jackson (homonymie). Andrew Jackson Mandats … Wikipédia en Français
Andrew Jackson — Saltar a navegación, búsqueda Andrew Jackson … Wikipedia Español
Andrew Jackson — Jackson im Alter von 78 Jahren Andrew Jackson (* 15. März 1767 in den Waxhaws; † 8. Juni 1845 nahe … Deutsch Wikipedia
Donelson — Andrew Jackson Donelson Andrew Jackson Donelson Portrait d Andrew J. Donelson Naissance 25 août … Wikipédia en Français
Donelson — ist der Familienname mehrerer Personen: Andrew Jackson Donelson (1799−1871), Diplomat und Kandidat für die Vizepräsidentschaft der Vereinigten Staaten Daniel Smith Donelson (1801–1863), General der Konföderierten Staaten von Amerika im… … Deutsch Wikipedia