- Pequannock Township, New Jersey
official_name = Pequannock Township, New Jersey
settlement_type = Township
mapsize = 250 px
map_caption = Pequannock Township highlighted in Morris County. Inset
mapsize1 = 250x200px
map_caption1 = Census Bureau map of Pequannock Township, New Jersey
subdivision_type = Country
subdivision_type1 = State
subdivision_type2 = County
subdivision_name2 = Morris
Faulkner Act (Mayor-Council)
leader_name = Nicholas Kapotes
established_title = Formed
March 25, 1740as "Poquanock Township"
established_title1 = Incorporated
February 21, 1798as "Pequanack Township"
unit_pref = Imperial
area_total_km2 = 18.7
area_land_km2 = 18.3
area_water_km2 = 0.4
area_total_sq_mi = 7.2
area_land_sq_mi = 7.1
area_water_sq_mi = 0.1
population_as_of = 2007
population_total = 16769
population_density_km2 = 758.7
population_density_sq_mi = 1965.1
timezone = Eastern (EST)
utc_offset = -5
timezone_DST = EDT
utc_offset_DST = -4
elevation_footnotes = [Gnis|882208|Township of Pequannock,
Geographic Names Information System, accessed January 4, 2008.]
elevation_m = 64
elevation_ft = 210
latd = 40 |latm = 57 |lats = 37 |latNS = N
longd = 74 |longm = 17 |longs = 50 |longEW = W
postal_code = 07440
area_code = 973
blank_name = FIPS code
blank_info = 34-58110GR|2 [ [http://mcdc2.missouri.edu/webrepts/commoncodes/ccc_nj.html A Cure for the Common Codes: New Jersey] , Missouri Census Data Center. Accessed
July 14, 2008.]
blank1_name = GNIS feature ID
blank1_info = 0882208GR|3
website = http://www.peqtwp.org/
Pequannock Township includes neighborhoods known as Pequannock and Pompton Plains, each of which is served by their own separate
Pequannock (in the name of the Township and of the
Pequannock River) is thought to have been derived from the Lenni LenapeNative American word "Paquettahhnuake", meaning, "cleared land ready or being readied for cultivation". [ [http://www.co.morris.nj.us/generalHTML/DB33_Profiles_PequannockTwp.pdf Morris County profile of Pequannock Township] , accessed November 9, 2006.] Pompton has been cited by some sources to mean "a place where they catch soft fish." [ [http://www.northcentralnj.com/new/private/town_details.php?tID=129 Town Information - Pequannock] , accessed November 9, 2006.]
According to the
United States Census Bureau, the township has a total area of 7.2 square miles (18.7 km²), of which, 7.1 square miles (18.3 km²) of it is land and 0.1 square miles (0.4 km²) of it (1.94%) is water.
The Township of Pequannock is located in eastern Morris County, along Route 23, approximately five miles north of the interchange of Route 23 with Interstate 80 and
U.S. Route 46. Interstate 287crosses the northwest corner of the Township, with a full interchange just north of the Township in the Borough of Riverdale.
The name for the area goes back at least as far as
March 1, 1720, when it was referred to as "Poquanick", a precinct in Hunterdon County. Formed as "Poquanock Township" on March 25, 1740as one of the largest townships in the region, this 6.96 square mile bedroom community composed of Pompton Plains in its northern portion and old Pequannock in its southern was once a vast 176-square-mile region of ruralfarmland settled by the Dutch after its purchase by Arent Schuylerand associates in 1695 & 1696. The township was incorporated by an Act of the New Jersey Legislatureas one of New Jersey's initial group of 104 townships on February 21, 1798."The Story of New Jersey's Civil Boundaries: 1606-1968", John P. Snyder, Bureau of Geology and Topography; Trenton, New Jersey; 1969. p. 196.]
Over time, several municipalities were split off from the township:
*Jefferson Township on
February 11, 1804
*Rockaway Township on
April 8, 1844
*Boonton Township on
April 11, 1867
*Montville Township on
April 11, 1867
*Butler Borough on
March 13, 1901
*Kinnelon Borough on
March 21, 1922
*Lincoln Park Borough on
April 25, 1922
*Riverdale Borough on
April 17, 1923
American Revolutionary War, both Comte de Rochambeau& George Washington's troops camped on what is now the site of the Pequannock Valley Middle School. While Washington stayed at the Schuyler-Colfax House in nearby Pompton, unproven oral history states that he attended church services in the First Reformed Church located in Pompton Plains, also known as the Pompton Meeting House, which had been constructed in 1771. The Mandeville Inn, located on the site of where the soldiers had camped during the war, was built in 1788 and was once owned by Garret Hobart, later Vice President of the United States. The stone with the engraved date is now located inside the Pequannock Valley Middle School when the Inn was demolished and replaced with the school in 1950.
During the Civil War, Pequannock was a stop on the
underground railroad. The Giles Mandeville House (also built in 1788), a field and quarry-stone structure located at 515 Newark-Pompton Turnpike, which served as a waypoint for many runaway slaves, still stands today in use as the Manse of the adjacent First Reformed Church since 1953.
estref= [http://factfinder.census.gov/servlet/SAFFPopulation?_event=Search&geo_id=16000US3403520&_geoContext=01000US%7C04000US34%7C16000US3403520&_street=&_county=pequannock&_cityTown=pequannock&_state=04000US34&_zip=&_lang=en&_sse=on&ActiveGeoDiv=geoSelect&_useEV=&pctxt=fph&pgsl=160&_submenuId=population_0&ds_name=null&_ci_nbr=null&qr_name=null®=null%3Anull&_keyword=&_industry= Census data for Pequannock township] ,
United States Census Bureau. Accessed October 5, 2008.]
footnote=Population 1930 - 1990. [ [http://www.wnjpin.net/OneStopCareerCenter/LaborMarketInformation/lmi01/poptrd6.htm New Jersey Resident Population by Municipality: 1930 - 1990] , Workforce New Jersey Public Information Network. Accessed
March 1, 2007.] As of the censusGR|2 of 2000, there were 13,888 people, 5,026 households, and 3,829 families residing in the township. The population densitywas 1,965.1 people per square mile (758.4/km²). There were 5,097 housing units at an average density of 721.2/sq mi (278.4/km²). The racial makeup of the township was 96.60% White, 0.30% African American, 0.12% Native American, 1.91% Asian, 0.50% from other races, and 0.58% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 2.94% of the population.
There were 5,026 households out of which 35.6% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 65.5% were married couples living together, 7.8% had a female householder with no husband present, and 23.8% were non-families. 20.9% of all households were made up of individuals and 8.8% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.76 and the average family size was 3.23.
In the township the population was spread out with 25.9% under the age of 18, 5.8% from 18 to 24, 29.6% from 25 to 44, 24.6% from 45 to 64, and 14.1% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 39 years. For every 100 females there were 92.9 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 90.5 males.
The median income for a household in the township was $72,729, and the median income for a family was $84,487. Males had a median income of $61,093 versus $38,523 for females. The
per capita incomefor the township was $31,892. About 2.5% of families and 3.0% of the population were below the poverty line, including 3.4% of those under age 18 and 4.8% of those age 65 or over.
Since 1957, the Township operates under a Council-Manager Plan E form of government under the Faulkner Act. The Council consists of five members elected at large to three-year terms in office on a staggered basis with one or two seats coming up for election each year. At an annual reorganization meeting, the members of the Council elect one of their members to serve as Mayor and another as Deputy Mayor. The Township Council hires a Township Manager, who serves as the Chief Executive and Administrative Officer of the Township. [ [http://web.archive.org/web/20061026131009/http://www.pequannocktownship.org/Pequannock/about.htm About Pequannock Township] , Pequannock Township, backed up by the
Internet Archiveas of October 26, 2006. Accessed March 3, 2008.] "2005 New Jersey Legislative District Data Book", Rutgers University Edward J. Bloustein School of Planning and Public Policy, April 2005, p. 121.]
Pequannock's Township Council consists of
MayorNicholas Kapotes (term ends December 31, 2008), Deputy MayorJoseph L. Jorgensen (2010), Ed Engelbart (2008), Louis A. Skvarca (2010) and Joel D. Vanderhoff (2007). [ [http://www.peqtwp.org/Cit-e-Access/TownCouncil/?TID=60&TPID=5922 Township Council 2007] , Pequannock Township. Accessed March 3, 2008. Source shows 2007 term-end date for Vanderhoff as of date accessed.]
Federal, state and county representation
Pequannock Township is in the Eleventh Congressional District and is part of New Jersey's 26th Legislative District. [ [http://www.lwvnj.org/pubs/CG06.pdf 2006 New Jersey Citizen's Guide to Government] , New Jersey
League of Women Voters, p. 62. Accessed August 30, 2006.]
Pequannock Township School Districtserves public school students in kindergarten through twelfth grade. Schools in the district (with 2005-06 enrollment data from the National Center for Education Statistics[ [http://nces.ed.gov/ccd/schoolsearch/school_list.asp?Search=1&DistrictID=3412900 Data for the Pequannock Township School District] , National Center for Education Statistics. Accessed October 5, 2008.] are three K-5 elementary schools — [http://sjg.pequannock.org/ Stephen J. Gerace] (366 students), [http://hillview.pequannock.org/ Hillview] (399 students) and [http://boulevard.pequannock.org/ North Boulevard] (364 students) — one middle school grades 6-8 [http://pvms.pequannock.org/ Pequannock Valley Middle School] (612 students), and Pequannock Township High Schoolfor grades 9-12 (790 students).
[http://www.holyspiritschoolpequannock.org/ Holy Spirit] is a
Catholic schoolserving grades K-8 operated under the auspices of the Roman Catholic Diocese of Paterson. [ [http://www.patersondiocese.org/moreinfo.cfm?Web_ID=43 Morris County Elementary / Secondary Schools] , Roman Catholic Diocese of Paterson. Accessed July 26, 2008.] . In addition, there is a Netherlands Christian Reformed School and Chancellor Academy.
Two major roadways exist within the township;
Interstate 287crosses the northwest corner and Route 23 runs near the eastern boundary. The Mountain View and Lincoln Park New Jersey Transitstations both serve Pequannock, offering service on the Montclair-Boonton Lineto Hoboken Terminalor on Midtown Direct trains to Penn Station in Midtown Manhattanvia the Secaucus Junction.
Bus service is provided by New Jersey Transit on the 193, 194 and 197 lines to the
Port Authority Bus Terminalin Midtown Manhattan, the 75 line to Newark and local service on the 748 route. [ [http://www.njtransit.com/sf_tp_rc_passaic.shtml Passaic County Bus/Rail Connections] , New Jersey Transit. Accessed July 19, 2007.]
Downtown Pompton Plains is 19.8 miles from
Newark Liberty International Airportin Newark / Elizabeth, 14.1 miles from Teterboro Airport, 13.7 miles from Morristown Municipal Airportin Hanover Township, 11.5 miles from Greenwood Lake Airportin West Milford, 6.6 miles from Essex County Airport and 1.6 miles from Lincoln Park Airportin Lincoln Park Borough.
Some notable former and current residents include:
Jason Biggs(born 1978), actor, "American Pie" - born in Pompton Plains. [Kirkland, Bruce. [http://slam.canoe.ca/AllPopMovies/010806_pie-can.html "Jason Biggs proud of American Pie films"] , " Toronto Sun", August 6, 2001. Accessed July 21, 2007. "Biggs, who was born May 12, 1978, in Pompton Plains, N.J., is the son of Gary Biggs, the manager of a shipping firm, and Angela Biggs, a nurse."]
*Peter Cameron (born 1959), author. [ [http://www.peter-cameron.com/bio.htm Biography of Peter Cameron] , accessed
January 3, 2007.]
Derek Jeter(born 1974), shortstop for the New York Yankees- born in Pequannock. [ [http://www.usatoday.com/sports/baseball/2002-09-17-jeter-file_x.htm The Derek Jeter File] , " USA Today", September 17, 2002.]
Danny Kass(born 1982), Olympic snowboarder, born in Pompton Plains. [ [http://www.usskiteam.com/public/team.php?sN=2&dId=7&aId=115 Danny Kass profile] , United States Ski Team. Accessed June 3, 2007.]
Davana Medina, figure competitor. [Pasquale, Don. [http://findarticles.com/p/articles/mi_m0801/is_12_66/ai_n15861402 "Pro advice: Davana Medina reveals her secret formula for sexy BI's and TRI's"] , " Muscle & Fitness", December 2005. Accessed June 3, 2007. "CURRENT RESIDENCE Pompton Plains, New Jersey"]
Susan Misner(born 1971), actress who has appeared on films and television, including roles in " The Bronx Is Burning", "Rescue Me" and "Chicago". [Rohan, Virginia. [http://www.northjersey.com/page.php?qstr=eXJpcnk3ZjcxN2Y3dnFlZUVFeXkzJmZnYmVsN2Y3dnFlZUVFeXk3MTY3NDA4 "Pompton Plains native is having fun as risqué ex-nun"] , " The Record (Bergen County)", July 17, 2007. Accessed July 19, 2007. "'I loved growing up in Pompton Plains. It really was a lovely small town. It's not small anymore,' says Misner, who studied dance, from age 11 to 18, with Nancy King at the King Centre for the Performing Arts in Wanaque."]
Criss Oliva(1963-1993), lead guitarist and co-founder of Savatage, born in Pompton Plains
*Ryan Ward, actor, "
Far From Heaven" - born in Pequannock
*Karen Young (born 1958), actress. [Dicker, Ron. [http://www.sfgate.com/cgi-bin/article.cgi?f=/c/a/2006/08/27/PKG3LKLK0R1.DTL&type=movies "Young's Stae Rises in Midlife"] , "
San Francisco Chronicle", August 27, 2006. Accessed July 21, 2007. "A Pequannock, N.J., native and graduate of Douglass College, the women's school at Rutgers University, Young got her start on a film called 'Deep in the Heart' (1983)."]
* [http://www.peqtwp.org/ Pequannock Township Official Website]
* [http://www.pequannock.org/ Pequannock Township School District]
*NJReportCard|27|4080|0|Pequannock Township School District
* [http://nces.ed.gov/ccd/schoolsearch/school_list.asp?Search=1&DistrictID=3412900 Data for the Pequannock Township School District] ,
National Center for Education Statistics
* [http://www.pequannocklacrosse.org/ Pequannock Lacrosse Club]
* [http://www.rootsweb.com/~genepool/njpequa.htm Revolutionary Petition of Patriots (May 1776)]
* [http://www.pequannockdems.org/ Pequannock Democratic Club]
* [http://www.geocities.com/pequannockhistory/ Pequannock Historical Society]
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