- Thessaloniki Prefecture
Infobox Pref GR
name = Thessaloniki
name_local = Νομός Θεσσαλονίκης
flag_reg = Flag of Greek Macedonia.svg
population = 1.099.598
population_as_of = 2005
pop_rank = 2nd
pop_dens = 298.6
popdens_rank = 3rd
area = 3,682.736
area_rank = 9th
postal_code = 54x xx - 57x xx
area_code = 2310, 239x0
licence = NH
provinces = 2
municip = 43
commun = 2
ISO = GR-54
website = [http://www.nath.gr/ www.nath.gr]
Thessaloniki ( _el. Θεσσαλονίκη) is a "
nomos" ( prefecture) in Greece, containing Thessaloniki, Lagana and the northern portion of the Chalcidicean peninsula. The prefecture is the second in Greece in population and the largest in Macedonia as well as northern Greece.
The prefecture stretches from the
Thermian Gulfto the Strymon Gulf. The Thermian Gulf is to the southwest while the Strymon Gulf is in the east. Two bodies of water stretch to the north, Lake Koroniain the heart of the prefecture and Lake Volvito the east. The mountains are in the central and the northern parts, farmlands are in the western and the southwestern part and few to the northeast, the northern portion and along the Axiosvalley. The mountains include the Chortiatisto the westcentral part, the Vertiskosto the north and parts of the Kerdyliomountains to the northeast. The prefectures is bounded with the Imathia prefecture to the southwest, Pella to the west, Kilkis to the north, Serres to the east and Chalkidikito the south.
The Thessaloniki Prefecture was created when Thessaloniki joined with the rest of Greece during the
First Balkan Warin 1913. The area then was the largest in Greece covering about 7% of all of Greece. Pellasplit in 1930, Kilkis prefecture split in 1937 and after World War IIin 1947, Imathiaand Pieriasplit from the Thessaloniki prefecture. It did not affect the population rank and remained first in Macedonia, Central Macedonia and northern Greece. The prefecture was to be struck by an earthquake in the 1970s and later recent heavy rainfalls clumbered parts of the prefecture in the 2000s.
The rainfall of
October 8, 2006(see Flooding of Central Macedonia) hampered the eastern portion of the prefecture, Apollonia, Asprovalta, Nea Madytos, Stavros, and Vrasnawere affected; the streams overflowed with mud and about 300 houses were flooded and damaged. Several people were stranded that one helicopter helped several victims trapped in the raging floodwaters. The valley area was heavily flooded seeing much of the crops damaged with some not being affected. Trees were sawn over the flooded plain. Three bridges were destroyed including the old section of the Via Egnatiaparalyzing traffic between Thessaloniki and Kavalaand the other eroded a lane of the local road. The superhighway is north of the affected area and was re-opened. One of the causes of the flooding is the garbage not being cleaned out from its streams, the other was of poor architecture.
Its climate includes hot Mediterranean summers and cool to mild winters in low lying areas and its plains. Winter weather is very common in areas 500 m above sea level and into the mountains.
Roads and Highways
The area is connected by the following roads and highways.
Greek National Road 1/ E75(motorway), SW, W, NW
E90(motorway A2), NW, Cen., E
Greek National Road 4, Cen., SW
Greek National Road 12(motorway, branch of the Via Egnatia), NW
Greek National Road 18, SW
Greek National Road 67, (motorway), S
Thessaloniki Ring, Cen, S.
Several superhighways and highways were added including the GR-1 and the new
Via Egnatialink with Thessaloniki and the superhighway in 1973, the Thessaloniki Ringand the Diagonal Road (GR-67, partly GR-18) and the partial section of the GR-65 in the 1970s and the 1980s and lately the Via Egnatiasuperhighway between 1997 and 2005 and currently, the GR-12 will be converted to a superhighway standard in the late-2000s and the early-2010s.
*Transit System (Thessaloniki)
*Future Thessaloniki Subway System opening around 2011
Most of the stations are in the city (see
Thessaloniki#Communications). Here are list of stations outside the city:
Thermi TV- Thermi
Municipalities and communities
List of settlements in the Thessaloniki prefecture
Wikimedia Foundation. 2010.
Look at other dictionaries:
List of settlements in the Thessaloniki prefecture — in Greece: Contents 1 A B 2 C D 3 E F 4 G I 5 K L … Wikipedia
Thessaloniki — Infobox Greek Dimos name = Thessaloniki name local = Θεσσαλονίκη periph = Central Macedonia prefec = Thessaloniki caption skyline = The White Tower of Thessaloniki was used as a prison during the era of the Ottoman Empire. Today it is a museum… … Wikipedia
Thessaloníki — Gemeinde Thessaloniki Δήμος Θεσσαλονίκης (Θεσσαλονίκη) DEC … Deutsch Wikipedia
Thessaloniki (disambiguation) — The name Thessaloniki can be used in a number of ways:*Thessaloniki is Greece s second largest city and the capital of Greek Macedonia. *Thessaloniki Prefecture in Greek Macedonia *Thessalonica of Macedon, the sister of Alexander the Great … Wikipedia
Thessaloniki Metro — is a planned underground public transport system for Thessaloniki, Greece. The initial phase is currently under construction.The projectThe construction of the much awaited Thessaloniki metro started in June 2006 and should be completed by late… … Wikipedia
Thessaloniki — Thessalonique Thessalonique (el) Θεσσαλονίκη Administration Pays … Wikipédia en Français
Ambelokipi (Thessaloniki) — Gemeinde Ambelokipi Δήμος Αμπελοκήπων DEC … Deutsch Wikipedia
Pylaia (Thessaloniki) — Gemeinde Pylea Δήμος Πυλαίας DEC … Deutsch Wikipedia
Pylea (Thessaloniki) — Gemeinde Pylea Δήμος Πυλαίας DEC … Deutsch Wikipedia
Evosmos (Thessaloniki) — Gemeinde Evosmos Δήμος Ευόσμου DEC … Deutsch Wikipedia