Hanover Township, New Jersey


Hanover Township, New Jersey

Infobox Settlement
official_name = Hanover Township, New Jersey
settlement_type = Township
nickname =
motto =




imagesize = 250x200px
image_caption = Central Park in the Whippany section of Hanover Township.


image_



mapsize = 250px
map_caption = Hanover Township highlighted in Morris County. Inset



mapsize1 =
map_caption1 =

subdivision_type = Country
subdivision_name = United States
subdivision_type1 = State
subdivision_name1 = New Jersey
subdivision_type2 = County
subdivision_name2 = Morris
government_footnotes =
government_type = Township (New Jersey)
leader_title = Mayor
leader_name = Ronald F. Francioli
leader_title1 =
leader_name1 =
established_title = Incorporated
established_date = February 21, 1798

unit_pref = Imperial
area_footnotes =
area_magnitude =
area_total_km2 = 27.7
area_land_km2 = 27.6
area_water_km2 = 0.1
area_total_sq_mi = 10.7
area_land_sq_mi = 10.7
area_water_sq_mi = 0.0

population_as_of = 2006
population_footnotes =
population_total = 13737
population_density_km2 = 467.0
population_density_sq_mi = 1209.6

timezone = Eastern (EST)
utc_offset = -5
timezone_DST = EDT
utc_offset_DST = -4
elevation_footnotes = [Gnis|882187|Township of Hanover, Geographic Names Information System, accessed January 4, 2008.]
elevation_m = 76
elevation_ft = 249
latd = 40 |latm = 49 |lats = 17 |latNS = N
longd = 74 |longm = 26 |longs = 8 |longEW = W

postal_code_type = ZIP Codes
postal_code = 07927 - Cedar Knolls
07981 - Whippany
area_code = 973
blank_name = FIPS code
blank_info = 34-29550GR|2 [ [http://mcdc2.missouri.edu/webrepts/commoncodes/ccc_nj.html A Cure for the Common Codes: New Jersey] , Missouri Census Data Center. Accessed July 14, 2008.]
blank1_name = GNIS feature ID
blank1_info = 0882187GR|3
website = http://www.hanovertownship.com
footnotes =

Hanover Township is a Township in Morris County, New Jersey, United States. As of the United States 2000 Census, the township population was 12,898. The township comprises the unincorporated communities of Whippany and Cedar Knolls.

Located just north of the historic town of Morristown and adjacent to the regional Morristown Municipal Airport, Hanover Township boasts many superb public attractions including the [http://www.whippanyrailwaymuseum.net Whippany Railway Museum] , the Frelinghuysen Arboretum, and the [http://www.gti.net/mocolib1/MCL.html Morris County Library.] Patriot's Path, a 26-mile-long wilderness walkway and bike trail, also passes through the Township along the Whippany River.

Hanover Township is well known in the region for having low property taxes. This is a result of many years of responsible Township management and a good mix of tax ratables.

Geography

According to the United States Census Bureau, the township has a total area of 10.7 square miles (27.7 km²), of which, 10.7 square miles (27.6 km²) of it is land and 0.04 square miles (0.1 km²) of it (0.28%) is water.

Demographics

USCensusPop
1930=2516
1940=2812
1950=3756
1960=9329
1970=10700
1980=11846
1990=11538
2000=12898
estimate= 13737
estyear=2006
estref= [http://factfinder.census.gov/servlet/SAFFPopulation?_event=ChangeGeoContext&geo_id=06000US3402729550&_geoContext=01000US%7C04000US34%7C05000US34027%7C06000US3402719210&_street=&_county=hanover&_cityTown=hanover&_state=04000US34&_zip=&_lang=en&_sse=on&ActiveGeoDiv=geoSelect&_useEV=&pctxt=fph&pgsl=010&_submenuId=population_0&ds_name=null&_ci_nbr=null&qr_name=null&reg=null%3Anull&_keyword=&_industry= Census data for Hanover township] , United States Census Bureau. Accessed August 27, 2007.]
footnote=Population 1930 - 1990. [ [http://www.wnjpin.net/OneStopCareerCenter/LaborMarketInformation/lmi01/poptrd6.htm New Jersey Resident Population by Municipality: 1930 - 1990] , Workforce New Jersey Public Information Network. Accessed March 1, 2007.]
As of the censusGR|2 of 2000, there were 12,898 people, 4,745 households, and 3,620 families residing in the township. The population density was 1,209.6 people per square mile (467.2/km²). There were 4,818 housing units at an average density of 451.8/sq mi (174.5/km²). The racial makeup of the township was 88.79% White, 1.09% African American, 0.05% Native American, 8.71% Asian, 0.01% Pacific Islander, 0.59% from other races, and 0.77% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 3.50% of the population.

There were 4,745 households out of which 32.8% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 65.8% were married couples living together, 8.0% had a female householder with no husband present, and 23.7% were non-families. 19.6% of all households were made up of individuals and 7.7% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.71 and the average family size was 3.13.

In the township the population was spread out with 22.8% under the age of 18, 5.6% from 18 to 24, 30.1% from 25 to 44, 26.6% from 45 to 64, and 14.9% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 40 years. For every 100 females there were 94.7 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 91.1 males.

The median income for a household in the township was $84,115, and the median income for a family was $93,937. Males had a median income of $59,278 versus $40,799 for females. The per capita income for the township was $37,661. About 0.7% of families and 1.2% of the population were below the poverty line, including 1.0% of those under age 18 and 1.4% of those age 65 or over.

History

Hanover Township marks the spot of the first settlement in all of Northwest New Jersey. New Englanders established a settlement along the Whippany River in 1685 near the current location of the old Whippany Cemetery on Route 10.

Once the Province of West Jersey purchased the land from the local Lenape Native Americans, the original County of Morris was created and comprised all of what is now Morris, Sussex, and Warren Counties. It was itself divided into Townships. One of its Townships was 'Whippenny' which itself comprised all of what is now Morris County.

The name Hanover was taken from the House of Hanover in Germany. This namesake was given to the Township of Hanover on December 7, 1720 as a sign of respect to George I of Great Britain who was of the House of Hanover and who ruled over the American colonies in the eighteenth century. Since the creation of Hanover Township in 1720 and its incorporation on March 25, 1740, its size has been considerably decreased as the population of the area has increased. Originally encompassing all of Morris County and parts of Sussex and Warren County, Hanover Township became too unwieldy for a single local government to maintain. The Township was subdivided into smaller municipalities that could provide more responsive local control despite placing greater demands on the local tax base to support new facilities for each.

Portions of the township were taken to form Mendham Township on March 29, 1749. Hanover Township was established by an Act of the New Jersey Legislature on February 21, 1798. Additional portions of the township were taken to form Chatham Township (February 12, 1806), Rockaway Township (April 8, 1844), Boonton Town (March 16, 1866), Mountain Lakes (April 29, 1924), Morris Plains (April 15, 1926), East Hanover Township and Parsippany-Troy Hills Township (both on May 9, 1928."The Story of New Jersey's Civil Boundaries: 1606-1968", John P. Snyder, Bureau of Geology and Topography; Trenton, New Jersey; 1969. p. 193.]

During the American Revolutionary War, George Washington and his troops often camped in, and marched through, Hanover Township.

The name Whippany is a bastardization of the Native American word 'Whippanong' which means "where the willow trees grow". [Fariello, L., "A Place Called Whippany" (2nd ed.) L.A. Sunchild Publishing (2003).]

The old villages of Monroe and Malapardis were consumed by development and what remains are two communities - Whippany and Cedar Knolls - which are roughly separated by Interstate 287.

Until the post-World War II suburbanization of New Jersey, Hanover Township was a sparsely-populated industrial town known for its iron works and paper mills. This industry was driven by the ever-present power of the Whippany River. But over the second-half of the twentieth century, the Township became thoroughly suburban and a very popular place to live and do business.

Lucent Technologies has a large facility in Whippany. The first demonstration of long distance television transmission in the United States took place in 1927, with a transmission that went via wire from Washington, D.C., to New York, and from Whippany to New York using radio. [ [http://www.att.com/history/television/milestones.html AT&T milestones in TV History] , AT&T. Accessed May 27, 2007.]

Government

Township Administration

Hanover Township employs the traditional Township form of government. The Township has a five member Township Committee whose terms of office begin on January 1 following the preceding general election. Each member holds office for a term of three years. Since the Township is not divided into wards, the five members of the governing body serve at large, and represent all of the people of the Township and not any one particular section or area. A Mayor and Deputy Mayor are selected at the annual reorganization meeting by the committeemen from among the members of the Township Committee.

Members of the Hanover Township Committee are Mayor Ronald F. Francioli, Deputy Mayor Judy Iradi, Leonardo Fariello, Howard Olsen and Ken Schleifer. [ [http://www.hanovertownship.com/GovBody.htm The Governing Body of the Township of Hanover] , Hanover Township. Accessed February 28, 2008.]

Politics in Hanover Township are decidedly Republican. No Democrat has made a serious bid for Committee since the 1950s.

Township Hall, which was renovated and enlarged in 2003, is located at the corner of Jefferson Road and Route 10. It contains all Township offices, the Township Municipal Court, the Police Department, and the [http://www.whippanong.org/ Whippanong Public Library.]

The 2007 Township budget was $21.083 million. The Township's NJ Treasury/Taxation code is 1412.

Township services

The Township has its own [http://www.hanoverpolice.com/ Police Department] consisting of about 30 officers in addition to a Public Works Department which handles the Township's sanitation and recycling needs. The [http://www.cedarknollsfd.com/ Cedar Knolls First Aid Squad] provides emergency medical coverage for the entire Township. [http://www.morristownmemorialhospital.org/en/morristown/ Morristown Memorial Hospital] , a level-2 regional trauma center, is about three miles away.

There are two volunteer fire districts in the Township:
* [http://www.whippanyfire.com/ Whippany Fire District #2] is located on the corner of Route 10 and School Street. They maintain a swift water rescue team and a hazardous materials response (hazmat) team.
* [http://www.cedarknollsfd.com/ Cedar Knolls Fire District #3] is located at the corner of Ridgedale and Mountain Avenues. They maintain an aerial ladder and the Township's emergency medical services (EMS).

The Hanover Sewerage Authority provides sewerage service for the Township. It has a treatment plant located on Troy Road.

Hanover Township contains many municipal parks and recreational facilities including:
*Bee Meadow Park and Pool
*Black Brook Park
*Central Park
*Malapardis Park
*Monroe Center and Park
*Township Community Center

Federal, state and county representation

Hanover Township is in the Eleventh Congressional District and is part of New Jersey's 26th Legislative District. [ [http://www.lwvnj.org/pubs/CG06.pdf 2006 New Jersey Citizen's Guide to Government] , New Jersey League of Women Voters, p. 58. Accessed August 30, 2006.]

Education

Public Elementary

For grades K through 8, students attend the Hanover Township Public Schools. Schools in the district (with 2005-06 enrollment data from the National Center for Education Statistics [ [http://nces.ed.gov/ccd/schoolsearch/school_list.asp?Search=1&DistrictID=3406690 Data for the Hanover Township Public Schools] , National Center for Education Statistics. Accessed February 28, 2008.] ) are [http://hanover.groupfusion.net/modules/cms/pages.phtml?pageid=6972 Bee Meadow] (420 students), [http://hanover.groupfusion.net/modules/cms/pages.phtml?pageid=6974 Mountview Road] (314 students) and [http://hanover.groupfusion.net/modules/cms/pages.phtml?pageid=6973 Salem Drive] (336 students) for grades K-5 and [http://hanover.groupfusion.net/modules/cms/pages.phtml?pageid=3420 Memorial Junior School] (482 students) for grades 6-8.

During the 1998-99 school year, Bee Meadow Elementary School was awarded the Blue Ribbon School Award of Excellence by the United States Department of Education, the highest award an American school can receive. [ [http://www.ed.gov/programs/nclbbrs/list-1982.pdf Blue Ribbon Schools Program: Schools Recognized 1982-1983 through 1999-2002 (PDF)] , United States Department of Education. Accessed May 11, 2006.]

Public Secondary

Students in grades 9 - 12 are served by the Hanover Park Regional High School District attending Whippany Park High School in the Whippany section of Hanover Township. The district also serves students from the neighboring communities of East Hanover Township and Florham Park, who attend Hanover Park High School in East Hanover. [ [http://education.state.nj.us/rc/rc07/narrative/27/1990/27-1990-000.html "Hanover Park Regional High School District 2007 School Report Card] , New Jersey Department of Education. Accessed April 5, 2008. "The Hanover Park Regional High School District consists of two high schools, Hanover Park and Whippany Park, serving grades 9 through 12. The district serves the communities of East Hanover, Florham Park, and Hanover Township. Students in East Hanover and Florham Park attend Hanover Park High School, which has a population of 898 students. Students from Hanover Township attend Whippany Park High School, which has a population of 615 students."]

Parochial and Private

[http://www.olmacademy.com/ Our Lady of Mercy Academy] is a Catholic school operated under the auspices of the Roman Catholic Diocese of Paterson. [ [http://www.patersondiocese.org/moreinfo.cfm?Web_ID=43 Morris County Elementary / Secondary Schools] , Roman Catholic Diocese of Paterson. Accessed July 26, 2008.] It is part of [http://www.ourladyofmercyparish.com/index.html Our Lady of Mercy Parish] .

There are also three private special education schools - [http://www.allegroschool.org/ The Allegro School] , [http://www.thecalaisschool.org The Calais School] , and [http://www.chambersschool.org/index.html P.G. Chambers School.]

Transportation

Interstate 287, Route 10 and Route 24 pass through the Township. Interstate 80, U.S. Route 46 and U.S. Route 202 are nearby.

The Morristown and Erie Railway, a small freight line, traverses the Township.

Local media

Radio stations WMTR and WDHA have studios and offices located in the Cedar Knolls section of the township.

What's in a name?

There is some confusion over the place names in Hanover Township and this is understandable given the sometimes-arcane usage of place names in New Jersey.

Whippany and Cedar Knolls are place names with no governmental meaning. They have unique ZIP codes, post offices, and Fire Departments but are otherwise simply neighborhood names.

Next to Hanover Township is East Hanover Township which has a neighborhood called 'Hanover'. Also, there is a New Hanover Township and a North Hanover Township in Burlington County, and several other Hanover Townships in Pennsylvania and Michigan. Furthermore, street signs and maps often do not identify Hanover Township but instead indicate one of the place names.

Residents of Whippany and Cedar Knolls have become accustomed to indicating that they live in either Whippany or Cedar Knolls and not in Hanover Township.

To compound the issue, the United States Postal Service insists on arbitrarily assigning ZIP Code boundaries that do not necessarily coincide with municipal boundaries resulting in Township mailing addresses which use place names outside of the Township. Whippany's ZIP code is 07981 and Cedar Knolls' is 07927.

Notable residents

Notable current and former residents of Hanover Township include:
*Dan Frischman (born 1959), character actor, noted for his many roles of playing socially inept "geeks" and "nerds". [Johnson, Janis. [http://nl.newsbank.com/nl-search/we/Archives?p_product=MH&s_site=miami&p_multi=MH&p_theme=realcities&p_action=search&p_maxdocs=200&p_topdoc=1&p_text_direct-0=0EB366B74D5758C6&p_field_direct-0=document_id&p_perpage=10&p_sort=YMD_date:D&s_trackval=GooglePM "PLAYING A NERD IS 'TOO EASY'"] , "The Miami Herald", February 16, 1987. Accessed December 11, 2007. "But is the 23-year-old Whippany, N.J., native, character actor and stand-up comedian a nerd."]
*Aaron Kitchell (1744-1820), represented New Jersey in both the United States House of Representatives and the United States Senate. [ [http://bioguide.congress.gov/scripts/biodisplay.pl?index=K000246 Aaron Kitchell] , "Biographical Directory of the United States Congress". Accessed August 27, 2007.]

References

External links

* [http://www.hanovertownship.com/ Hanover Township home page]
* [http://www.hanovertwpschools.com/ Hanover Township Public Schools]
*NJReportCard|27|2000|0|Hanover Township Public Schools
* [http://nces.ed.gov/ccd/schoolsearch/school_list.asp?Search=1&DistrictID=3406690 Data for the Hanover Township Public Schools] , National Center for Education Statistics
* [http://www.whippanypark.org/ Whippany Park High School]
* [http://www.myhanovertownship.com/ My Hanover]
* [http://www.whippanong.org/ Whippanong Public Library]
* [http://www.cedarknollsfd.com/ Cedar Knolls Fire Dept. & First Aid Squad]
* [http://www.whippanyfire.com/ Whippany Fire Dept.]
* [http://www.hanoverpolice.com/ Hanover Township Police Dept.]
* [http://www.dailyrecord.com Daily Record, regional area newspaper]
* [http://www.zwire.com/site/news.asp?brd=1918&nav_sec=65234 Hanover Eagle, local newspaper]


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