Aeolis


Aeolis

:"Alternative meaning: the Aeolis region of Mars."

Aeolis (Ancient Greek Αιολίς "Aiolís") or Aeolia (IPAEng|iːˈoʊlɪə) (Ancient Greek Αιολία "Aiolía") was an area that comprised the west and northwestern region of Asia Minor, mostly along the coast, and also several offshore islands (particularly Lesbos), where the Aeolian Greek city-states were located. Aeolis incorporated the southern parts of Mysia which bounded it to the north, Ionia to the south, and Lydia to the east.

Geography

Aeolis was an ancient district on the western coast of Asia Minor. It extended along the Aegean Sea from the entrance of the Hellespont (now the Dardanelles) south to the Hermus River (now the Gediz River). It was named for the Aeolians, some of whom migrated there from Greece before 1000 BC. Aeolis was, however, an ethnological and linguistic enclave rather than a geographical unit. The district often was considered part of the larger northwest region of Mysia.

History

According to Homer's description, Odysseus, after his stay with the Cyclopes, reached the island of Aeolus, who provided him with the west wind Zephyr.

In early times, by the 8th century BC, the Aeolians' twelve most important cities were independent, and formed a league (Dodecapolis): Cyme (also called Phriconis), Larissae, Neonteichos, Temnus, Cilla, Notium, Aegiroessa, Pitane, Aegae, Myrina, Gryneia, and Smyrna. [Herodotus. "The Histories:" 1.149.]

The most celebrated of the cities was Smyrna (modern Izmir, Turkey), but in 699 BC, Smyrna became part of an Ionian confederacy. The remaining cities were conquered by Croesus, king of Lydia (reigned 560-546 BC). Later they were held successively by the Persians, Macedonians, Seleucids, and Pergamenes.

Attalus III, the last king of Pergamum, bequeathed Aeolis to Rome in 133 BC. Shortly afterward, it was made part of the Roman province of Asia. At the partition of the Roman Empire (395 AD), Aeolis was assigned to the East Roman (Byzantine) empire and remained under Byzantine rule until the early 1400s, when the Ottoman Turks occupied the area.

Natives of Aeolis

*Autolycus of Pitane
*Andriscus
*Elias Venezis

Notes

References

*Pierluigi Bonanno, "Aiolis. Storia e archeologia di una regione dell’Asia Minore alla fine del II millennio a.C.", USA, 2006

External links

*http://www.caropepe.it/pubblicazioni.html


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Look at other dictionaries:

  • Aeolis — [ē′ə lis΄] ancient region on the NW coast of Asia Minor, consisting of a group of cities settled by the Aeolians …   English World dictionary

  • AEolis — Eolis E o*lis, n. [L. Aeolis a daughter of [AE]olus, Gr. A ioli s.] (Zo[ o]l.) A genus of nudibranch mollusks having clusters of branchial papill[ae] along the back. See {Ceratobranchia}. [Written also {[AE]olis}.] …   The Collaborative International Dictionary of English

  • Aeolis — /ee euh lis/, n. an ancient coastal region and Greek colony in NW Asia Minor: settled by Aeolians. Also, Aeolia. * * * ▪ ancient cities, Greece also called  Aeolia,         group of ancient cities on the west coast of Anatolia, which were founded …   Universalium

  • Aeolis — or Aeolia geographical name ancient country of NW Asia Minor …   New Collegiate Dictionary

  • Aeolis — noun An area of Ancient Greece that comprised the west and northwestern region of Asia Minor, mostly along the coast, and also several offshore islands (particularly Lesbos), where the Aeolian Greek city states were located …   Wiktionary

  • Aeolis — n. old name for the coast of Asia Minor which includes Lesbos …   English contemporary dictionary

  • aeolis — ae·o·lis …   English syllables

  • Aeolis — Ae•o•lis [[t]ˈi ə lɪs[/t]] also Aeolia n. anh geg an ancient coastal region and Greek colony in NW Asia Minor: settled by Aeolians …   From formal English to slang

  • Aeolis — /ˈiələs/ (say eeuhluhs) noun an ancient coastal region and Greek colony in north western Asia Minor …   Australian English dictionary

  • Aeolis — noun an ancient coastal region of northwestern Asia Minor (including Lesbos) where the Aeolians founded several cities around 1100 BC • Syn: ↑Aeolia • Instance Hypernyms: ↑seashore, ↑coast, ↑seacoast, ↑sea coast • Part Holonyms: ↑ …   Useful english dictionary


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