- List of storms in the 2003 Atlantic hurricane season
2003 Atlantic hurricane seasonofficially began June 1, 2003 and officially ended on November 30, 2003.cite web|author=Jack Beven|year=2003|title=June 1 Tropical Weather Outlook|publisher=National Hurricane Center|accessdate=2007-12-15|url=ftp://ftp.met.fsu.edu/pub/weather/tropical/Outlook-A/2003/Jun/2003060108.ABNT20] These dates conventionally delimit the period of each year when most tropical cyclones form in the Atlantic basin, although effectively the season extended from April through December due to out of season storm activity.
The 2003 season was tied for the sixth most active season on record. Sixteen tropical storms formed, of which seven became hurricanes; of these, three strengthened into major hurricanes, of which one reached Category 5 strength, the highest categorization for
Atlantic hurricanes on the Saffir-Simpson Hurricane Scale. The most notable storms of the season were hurricanes Fabian, Isabel, and Juan, all of which were retired.cite web|author=World Meteorological Organization|year=2004|title=Final Report of the Twenty-Sixth Session|accessdate=2006-06-03|url=http://www.wmo.ch/pages/prog/www/TCP_vO/Meetings/HC-26/doc14.doc|format=DOC] The total season impact resulted in $4.4 billion (2003 USD) in damage and 92 total deaths.__NOTOC__
Tropical Storm Ana
Infobox Hurricane Small
Track=Ana 2003 track.png
low pressure areadeveloped about 240 miles (390 km) south-southwest of Bermudaon April 18 through the interaction of an upper-level trough and a surface frontal trough. It tracked northwestward at first, then turned to the southeast. After developing centralized convection, the system developed into Subtropical Storm Ana on April 20 to the west of Bermuda. It tracked east-southeastward and organized, and on April 21 it transitioned into a tropical cyclone with peak winds of 60 mph (95 km/h), after developing an upper-level warm core. Increased wind shearcaused fluctuations in intensity and a steady weakening trend, and on April 24 the center of Ana merged with an approaching cold front, thus signaling the completion of extratropical transition. The extratropical remnants continued east-northeastward, and on April 27 the gale was absorbed within the cold front.cite web|author=Jack Beven|year=2003|title=Tropical Storm Ana Tropical Cyclone Report|publisher=National Hurricane Center|accessdate=2007-12-14|url=http://www.nhc.noaa.gov/2003ana.shtml?]
The cyclone is most notable for being the only Atlantic tropical cyclone in the month of April. When Ana became a Subtropical Storm, it became the second subtropical cyclone on record in the month, after a storm in 1992. Ana dropped 2.63 inches (67 mm) of rainfall in Bermuda over a period of several days. [cite web|author=Bermuda Weather Service|year=2003|title=Bermuda Weather for April 2003|accessdate=2007-12-15|url=http://www.weather.bm/data/2003-04.html] Increased swells from the storm caused two drowning deaths in southeastern
Floridawhen a boat capsized. The remnants of the storm brought light rainfall to the Azores and the United Kingdom, though no significant damage was reported. [cite web|author=Gary Padgett|year=2003|title=April 2003 Global Tropical Cyclone Summary|accessdate=2007-12-15|url=http://www.australiasevereweather.com/cyclones/2003/summ0304.htm]
Tropical Depression Two
Infobox Hurricane Small
Track=2-L 2003 track.png
tropical wavemoved off the coast of Africa on June 6.cite web|author=James Franklin|year=2003|title=Tropical Depression Two Tropical Cyclone Report|publisher=National Hurricane Center|accessdate=2007-12-15|url=http://www.nhc.noaa.gov/2003two.shtml?] Tracking westward at a low latitude, a disturbance along the wave axis became better organized on June 9, [cite web|author=Miles Lawrence|year=2003|title=June 9 Tropical Weather Outlook|publisher=National Hurricane Center|accessdate=2007-12-15|url=ftp://ftp.met.fsu.edu/pub/weather/tropical/Outlook-A/2003/Jun/2003060915.ABNT20] with reasonable favorable environmental conditions despite the time of year. Initially lacking a well-defined low-level circulation, [cite web|author=James Franklin|year=2003|title=June 9 Tropical Weather Outlook (2)|publisher=National Hurricane Center|accessdate=2007-12-15|url=ftp://ftp.met.fsu.edu/pub/weather/tropical/Outlook-A/2003/Jun/2003060921.ABNT20] convection increased further on June 10, and the system was declared Tropical Depression Two early on June 11 in the central tropical Atlantic Ocean.cite web|author=Lixion Avila|year=2003|title=Tropical Depression Two Discussion One|publisher=National Hurricane Center|accessdate=2007-12-15|url=http://www.nhc.noaa.gov/archive/2003/dis/al022003.discus.001.shtml?] The depression was only the third tropical cyclone on record to develop in the month of June to the east of the Lesser Antilles; the others were Ana in 1979, and a Storm in 1933. [cite web|author=Pasch, Stewart, Lawrence|year=2003|title=June 2003 Tropical Weather Summary|publisher=National Hurricane Center|accessdate=2007-12-15|url=http://www.nhc.noaa.gov/archive/2003/tws/MIATWSAT_jun.shtml?]
Initially, the depression was forecast to attain tropical storm status, maintaining good outflow and some banding features around the system. Around 0900 UTC on June 11 satellite-based intensity estimates indicated the depression was near tropical storm status.cite web|author=Richard Pasch|year=2003|title=Tropical Depression Two Discussion Two|publisher=National Hurricane Center|accessdate=2007-12-15|url=http://www.nhc.noaa.gov/archive/2003/dis/al022003.discus.002.shtml?] However, the convection subsequently diminished and became displaced to the northeast of the center, and late on June 11 the depression degenerated into an open tropical wave about 950 miles (1535 km) east-southeast of
Barbados. The tropical wave remained well-defined with a well-defined low-level vorticity, though strong wind shearprevented tropical redevelopment. [cite web|author=Mike Formosa|year=2003|title=June 13 Tropical Weather Discussion|publisher=National Hurricane Center|accessdate=2007-12-15|url=ftp://ftp.met.fsu.edu/pub/weather/tropical/Atl-Dis/2003/Jun/2003061310.AXNT20] On June 13 its remnants passed through the Lesser Antilles, and the wave continued westward through the Caribbean Sea. [cite web|author=Lixion Avila|year=2003|title=June 13 Tropical Weather Outlook|publisher=National Hurricane Center|accessdate=2007-12-15|url=ftp://ftp.met.fsu.edu/pub/weather/tropical/Outlook-A/2003/Jun/2003061320.ABNT20]
Tropical Storm Bill
Infobox Hurricane Small
Track=Bill 2003 track.png
Pressure=997Tropical Storm Bill developed from a
tropical waveon June 29 to the north of the Yucatán Peninsula. It slowly organized as it moved northward, and reached a peak of 60 mph(95 km/h) shortly before making landfall 27 miles (43 km) west of Chauvin, Louisiana. Bill quickly weakened over land, and as it accelerated to the northeast, moisture from the storm, combined with cold air from an approaching cold front, produced an outbreak of 34 tornadoes. Bill became extratropical on July 2, and was absorbed by the cold front later that day.cite web|author=Avila|year=2003|title=Tropical Storm Bill Tropical Cyclone Report|publisher=National Hurricane Center|accessdate=2006-10-18|url=http://www.nhc.noaa.gov/2003bill.shtml?]
Upon making landfall on
Louisiana, the storm produced a moderate storm surge, causing tidal flooding.cite web|author=National Climatic Data Center|year=2003|title=Event Report for Louisiana|accessdate=2006-10-22|url=http://www4.ncdc.noaa.gov/cgi-win/wwcgi.dll?wwevent~ShowEvent~504234] In a city in the northeastern portion of the state, the surge breached a levee, which flooded many homes in the town.cite web|author=NCDC|year=2003|title=Event Report for Louisiana (2)|accessdate=2006-10-22|url=http://www4.ncdc.noaa.gov/cgi-win/wwcgi.dll?wwevent~ShowEvent~504243] Moderate winds combined with wet soilknocked down trees, which then hit a few houses and power lines,cite web|author=New Orleans National Weather Service|year=2003|title=Tropical Storm Bill Post Tropical Cyclone Report|accessdate=2006-10-22|url=http://www.srh.weather.gov/lix/html/psh_bill.htm] and left hundreds of thousands without electric power.cite web|author=Associated Press|year=2003|title=Gulf Coast reeling from Tropical Storm Bill|accessdate=2006-10-22|url=http://www.usatoday.com/weather/news/2003-06-30-gulfcoast-bill_x.htm] Further inland, tornadoes from the storm produced localized moderate damage. Throughout its path, Tropical Storm Bill caused around $50 million in damage (2003 USD, $56 million 2007 USD) and four deaths.
Infobox Hurricane Small
Track=Claudette 2003 track.png
tropical wavetracked quickly through the Lesser Antilleson July 7, producing tropical storm force winds but failing to attain a low-level circulation. After organizing in the Caribbean Sea, it developed into Tropical Storm Claudette to the south of the Dominican Republicon July 8. Its intensity fluctuated over the subsequent days, attaining hurricane status briefly on July 10 before weakening and hitting Puerto Moreloson the Yucatán Peninsulaon July 11 as a tropical storm. The storm remained disorganized due to moderate wind shear, though after turning west-northwestward into an area of lighter shear, it re-attained hurricane status on July 15 off the coast of Texas; it intensified quickly and made landfall on Matagorda Islandwith peak winds of 90 mph (145 km/h). It slowly weakened after moving ashore, tracking across northern Tamaulipasbefore dissipating in northwestern Chihuahua.cite web|author=Jack Beven|year=2003|title=Hurricane Claudette Tropical Cyclone Report|publisher=National Hurricane Center|accessdate=2007-12-15|url=http://www.nhc.noaa.gov/2003claudette.shtml]
The precursor cyclone caused light damage in the Lesser Antilles, and waves from the hurricane caused an indirect death off of
Florida. Widespread flooding and gusty winds destroyed or severely damaged 412 buildings in southeast Texas, with a further 1,346 buildings suffering lighter impact. The hurricane caused locally severe beach erosion along the coast.cite web|author=National Weather Service at Houston/Galveston|year=2003|title=Upper Texas Coast Tropical Cyclones in the 2000s|accessdate=2007-12-15|url=http://www.srh.noaa.gov/hgx/hurricanes/2000s.htm] High winds downed many trees along the coast, causing one direct and one indirect death. Damage was estimated at $180 million (2003 USD, $200 million 2007 USD).
Infobox Hurricane Small
Track=Danny 2003 track.png
tropical wavemoved off the coast of Africa on July 9. The northern portion of the wave tracked to the west-northwest, and on July 13 an area of convection developed along the wave axis. The system slowly organized, and after a closed low-level circulation developed, the system was classified as Tropical Depression Five about 630 miles (1020 km) east of Bermuda. It quickly organized, becoming Tropical Storm Danny a day after forming. Tracking around the periphery of an anticyclone, the storm moved northwestward before turning north and later northeastward. Despite being located at a high latitude, Danny continued to strengthen due to unusually warm water temperatures, and on July 19 it attained hurricane status about 525 miles (850 km) south of St. John's, Newfoundland and Labrador. Wind shearincreased the next day as the hurricane turned eastward, causing a steady weakening trend that was accelerated after crossing into an area of cooler water temperatures. By July 20 the cyclone had turned to the southeast and weakened to tropical depression status, and on July 21 it degenerated into a remnant low pressure area. The remnants of Danny tracked erratically southwestward before dissipating on July 27 about 630 miles (1015 km) east of where it originally developed. There were no reports of damages or casualties associated with Danny.cite web|author=National Hurricane Center|title=Hurricane Danny Tropical Cyclone Report|publisher=NOAA|accessdate=2007-12-15|url=http://www.nhc.noaa.gov/2003danny.shtml?]
Tropical Depression Six
Infobox Hurricane Small
Track=6-L 2003 track.png
tropical wavemoved westward off the coast of Africa on July 14.cite web|author=Miles B. Lawrence|year=2003|title=Tropical Depression Six Tropical Cyclone Report|publisher=National Hurricane Center|accessdate=2007-12-16|url=http://www.nhc.noaa.gov/2003six.shtml] After tracking steadily westward, an area of thunderstorms became more concentrated as its upper-level environment became more favorable, [cite web|author=Lixion Avila|year=2003|title=July 19 Tropical Weather Outlook|publisher=National Hurricane Center|accessdate=2007-12-16|url=ftp://ftp.met.fsu.edu/pub/weather/tropical/Outlook-A/2003/Jul/2003071915.ABNT20] and late on July 19 the National Hurricane Center classified it as Tropical Depression Six while it was located about 1035 miles (1675 km) east of the Lesser Antilles. Upon being classified as a tropical cyclone, the depression maintained two ill-defined hooking bands to its north and south, and was originally forecast to attain hurricane status before passing through the Lesser Antilles. With warm waters and very light wind shear forecast, its environmental conditions met 4 out of 5 parameters for rapid intensification.cite web|author=Lixion Avila|year=2003|title=Tropical Depression Six Discussion One|publisher=National Hurricane Center|accessdate=2007-12-16|url=http://www.nhc.noaa.gov/archive/2003/dis/al062003.discus.001.shtml?] Subsequently, convection diminished as the result of cold air inflow and instability from a disturbance to its southeast. [cite web|author=Stacy Stewart|year=2003|title=Tropical Depression Six Discussion Three|publisher=National Hurricane Center|accessdate=2007-12-16|url=http://www.nhc.noaa.gov/archive/2003/dis/al062003.discus.003.shtml?]
With a fast forward speed, confirmation of a low-level circulation on July 20 became difficult. [cite web|author=Miles Lawrence|year=2003|title=Tropical Depression Six Discussion Four|publisher=National Hurricane Center|accessdate=2007-12-16|url=http://www.nhc.noaa.gov/archive/2003/dis/al062003.discus.004.shtml?] Convection increased in curvature on July 21, [cite web|author=Jack Beven|year=2003|title=Tropical Depression Six Discussion Six|publisher=National Hurricane Center|accessdate=2007-12-16|url=http://www.nhc.noaa.gov/archive/2003/dis/al062003.discus.006.shtml?] and several islands in the Lesser Antilles issued tropical storm warnings and watches. After it passed north of
Barbados, a Hurricane Huntersflight failed to report a closed low-level circulation, and it is estimated the depression degenerated into an open tropical wave late on July 21. The remnants brought a few showers to the Lesser Antilles, and after tracking into the Caribbean Searedevelopment was prevented by increased wind shear. [cite web|author=Stacy Stewart|year=2003|title=July 22 Tropical Weather Outlook|publisher=National Hurricane Center|accessdate=2007-12-16|url=ftp://ftp.met.fsu.edu/pub/weather/tropical/Outlook-A/2003/Jul/2003072209.ABNT20] The northern portion of the wave axis split and developed into Tropical Depression Seven.
Tropical Depression Seven
Infobox Hurricane Small
Track=7-L 2003 track.png
Pressure=1016A tropical wave interacted with an upper-level low to develop an area of deep convection near
Hispaniolaon July 23.cite web|author=Richard Pasch|year=2003|title=Tropical Depression Seven Tropical Cyclone Report|publisher=National Hurricane Center|accessdate=2007-12-17|url=http://www.nhc.noaa.gov/2003seven.shtml] [cite web|author=Richard Pasch|year=2003|title=July 25 Tropical Weather Outlook|publisher=National Hurricane Center|accessdate=2007-12-17|url=ftp://ftp.met.fsu.edu/pub/weather/tropical/Outlook-A/2003/Jul/2003072501.ABNT20] A mid- to lower-level circulation developed within the system at it tracked generally north-northwestward, and based on surface and satellite observations, it is estimated the system developed into Tropical Depression Seven at 1200 UTC on July 25 about 60 miles (95 km) east of Daytona Beach, Florida. The system was embedded in an environment characterized by high surface pressures. Tracking through an area of cool water temperatures, as well as unfavorable upper-level winds, the depression failed to achieve winds greater than 35 mph (55 km/h). [cite web|author=Lixion Avila|year=2003|title=Tropical Depression Seven Discussion One|publisher=National Hurricane Center|accessdate=2007-12-17|url=http://www.nhc.noaa.gov/archive/2003/dis/al072003.discus.001.shtml?] Early on July 26 it moved ashore on St. Catherines Island, Georgia, and after steadily weakening over land it dissipated on July 27. The depression dropped light to moderate rainfall from Floridato the coast of North Carolina, peaking at 5.17 inches (131 mm) in Savannah, Georgia. [cite web|author=David Roth|year=2006|title=Rainfall Summary for Tropical Depression Seven (2003)|publisher=Hydrometeorological Prediction Center|accessdate=2007-12-17|url=http://www.hpc.ncep.noaa.gov/tropical/rain/td72003.html] There were no reports of damage or casualties associated with this depression.
Infobox Hurricane Small
Track=Erika 2003 track.png
Pressure=986The precursor system to Hurricane Erika was first observed as a non-tropical low on August 9 about 1150 miles (1860 km) east of
Bermuda. It tracked quickly southwestward then westward in tandem with an upper-level low, which prevented tropical development. On August 13 an area of convection increased as it passed through the Bahamas, and while crossing Floridaa circulation built toward the surface; it is estimated the system developed into Tropical Storm Erika on August 14 about 85 miles (140 km) west-southwest of Fort Myers, Florida. A strong ridge caused the storm to continue quickly westward, and the system gradually strengthened and organized. By August 15 its forward motion slowed, allowing the convection to organize into curved rainbands, and late in the day an eye feature began developing. Tropical Storm Erika attained hurricane status at around 1030 UTC as it was moving ashore in northeastern Tamaulipas; operationally it was not classified as a hurricane, due to lack of data. The winds rapidly decreased as it tracked across the mountainous terrain of northeastern Mexico, and early on August 17 the cyclone dissipated.cite web|author=James Franklin|year=2003|title=Hurricane Erika Tropical Cyclone Report|publisher=National Hurricane Center|accessdate=2007-12-17|url=http://www.nhc.noaa.gov/2003erika.shtml?]
The hurricane dropped light to moderate rainfall along its path, which caused some flooding; in
Montemorelosin Nuevo León, two people died after being swept away by floodwaters. Several mudslides were reported, which left numerous highways blocked or impassable. In southern Texas, the hurricane caused light winds and minor damage, with no reports of deaths or injuries in the United States.
Tropical Depression Nine
Infobox Hurricane Small
Track=9-L 2003 track.png
tropical wavemoved off the coast of Africa on August 14,cite web|author=Lixion Avila|year=2003|title=Tropical Depression Nine Tropical Cyclone Report|publisher=National Hurricane Center|accessdate=2006-10-24|url=http://www.nhc.noaa.gov/2003nine.shtml?] and after tracking steadily westward an area of convection began to become better organized on August 18.cite web|author=Stewart|year=2003|title=August 18 Tropical Weather Outlook|publisher=NHC|accessdate=2006-10-24|url=ftp://ftp.met.fsu.edu/pub/weather/tropical/Outlook-A/2003/Aug/2003081815.ABNT20] After it tracked through the Lesser Antilles, it developed into Tropical Depression Nine on August 21 to the south of Puerto Rico. The depression quickly showed signs of organization, and forecasters predicted the depression to intensify to a strong tropical storm.cite web|author=Avila|year=2003|title=Tropical Depression Nine Discussion One|publisher=NHC|accessdate=2006-10-24|url=http://www.nhc.noaa.gov/archive/2003/dis/al092003.discus.001.shtml?] However, strong southwesterly wind shearunexpectedly became established over the system, and the depression degenerated into a tropical wave late on August 22 to the south of the eastern tip of the Dominican Republic.
The remnants of the depression dropped light to moderate precipitation in the Dominican Republic, which caused flooding and overflown rivers. More than 100 houses were flooded, and some crop damage was reported. The rainfall was welcome in the country, as conditions were dry in the preceding months.cite web|author=Stormcarib.net|accessdate=2006-10-24|url=http://www.stormcarib.com/reports/2003/domrep.shtml|year=2003|title=Unofficial Reports from the Dominican Republic] Flooding was also reported in eastern
Jamaica, though damage there, if any, is unknown.
Infobox Hurricane Small
Track=Fabian 2003 track.png
Pressure=939On August 25, a
tropical waveemerged off the coast of Africa, and two days later developed enough organized convection to develop into Tropical Depression Ten. Tracking through warm waters and low vertical shear, the depression was named Tropical Storm Fabian on August 28. On August 30, the storm intensified into a hurricane, and it quickly strengthened to attain major hurricane status late that day; on September 1 Fabian reached its peak intensity of 145 mph (230 km/h). The hurricane turned to the north and gradually weakened before passing 14 miles (23 km) west of Bermuda on September 5 with winds of 115 mph (180 km/h). The cyclone accelerated northeastward into an environment of unfavorable conditions, becoming an extratropical cycloneon September 8; two days later it merged with another extratropical storm between southern Greenlandand Iceland.cite web|author=Pasch, Blake, & Brown|year=2003|title=Hurricane Fabian Tropical Cyclone Report|publisher= National Hurricane Center|accessdate=2007-12-17|url=http://www.nhc.noaa.gov/2003fabian.shtml?]
Strong waves caused extensive damage to the Bermuda coastline, destroying 10 nests of the endangered
Bermuda Petrel.cite web|author=Environment News Service|year=2003|title=Bermuda's National Bird Blown Away|accessdate=2006-10-17|url=http://www.ens-newswire.com/ens/sep2003/2003-09-25-03.asp] The storm surge from the hurricane stranded one vehicle with three police officers and another with a resident on the causeway between St. George's Parish and St. David's Island, later washing both vehicles into Castle Harbour;cite web|author=Karen Smith and Dan Rutstein|date=2003-09-06|title=Search for the missing a difficult job|publisher=The Royal Gazette|accessdate=2008-01-03|url=http://www.royalgazette.com/siftology.royalgazette/Article/article.jsp?sectionId=60&articleId=7d3930e3003000a] all four were killed. Strong winds left about 25,000 people without power on the island, and also caused severe damage to vegetation. The strong winds damaged or destroyed the roofs of numerous buildings on Bermuda,cite news|author=The Royal Gazette|year=2003-09-06|title=Bermuda Shorts - Fabian|accessdate=2008-02-03|url=http://www.royalgazette.com/siftology.royalgazette/Article/article.jsp?articleId=7d3930e30030013§ionId=60] Damage on the island totaled $300 million (2003 USD, $335 million 2007 USD). Elsewhere, strong waves from the hurricane killed a surfer in North Carolinaand caused three deaths off of Newfoundland when a fishing vessel sank.
Tropical Storm Grace
Infobox Hurricane Small
Track=Grace 2003 track.png
tropical waveaccompanied with a low pressure system moved off the coast of Africa on August 19. It moved quickly westward, failing to organize significantly, and developed a surface low pressure areaon the 29th in the Gulf of Mexico. Convection continued to organize, and the tropical wave developed into Tropical Depression Eleven on August 30 while located 335 miles (540 km) east-southeast of Corpus Christi, Texas. The depression quickly intensified to become Tropical Storm Grace, though further intensification was limited due to a nearby upper-level low. On August 31 Grace moved ashore on Galveston Island, Texas, and it quickly weakened over land. The storm turned northeastward and was absorbed by a cold frontover extreme eastern Oklahomaon September 2.Cite web|author=Stacy R. Stewart|year=2003|title=Tropical Storm Grace Tropical Cyclone Report|publisher=National Hurricane Center|accessdate=2007-12-22|url=http://www.nhc.noaa.gov/2003grace.shtml]
The storm produced light to moderate precipitation from Texas through the eastern United States, peaking at 10.4 inches (263 mm) in eastern Texas.cite web|author=Hydrometeorological Prediction Center|year=2005|title=Rainfall data for Tropical Storm Grace|accessdate=2007-12-17|url=http://www.hpc.ncep.noaa.gov/tropical/rain/grace2003.html] Near where it made landfall, Grace produced flooding of low-lying areas and light beach erosion.cite web|author=Jim O'Donnel|year=2003|title=Tropical Storm Grace Preliminary Storm Report|publisher=Jamaica Beach Weather Observatory|accessdate=2006-08-14|url=http://members.aol.com/IslandWx/jbclimo/tropicalcyclone/reports/2003/grace.htm] In Oklahoma and southern
Missouri, the remnants of the storm caused localized flooding.Cite web|author=Ty Judd|year=2003|title=The 2003 Labor Day Weekend Heavy Rain and Flooding Event|publisher=Norman, Oklahoma National Weather Service|accessdate=2006-08-18|url=http://www.srh.noaa.gov/oun/newsletter/autumn2003/] cite web|author=Paducah, Kentucky National Weather Service|year=2003|title=Autumn 2003 Weather Summary|accessdate=2006-08-18|url=http://www.crh.noaa.gov/pah/climate/autumn03.php] No deaths were reported, and damage was minimal.
Tropical Storm Henri
Infobox Hurricane Small
Track=Henri 2003 track.png
Pressure=997On August 22, a
tropical wavemoved off the coast of Africa, and it remained disorganized until reaching the eastern Gulf of Mexico on September 1. A tropical disturbance developed into Tropical Depression Twelve on September 3 about 300 miles (480 kilometers) west of Tampa, Florida. It moved eastward and strengthened into Tropical Storm Henri on September 5, and despite strong wind shearit intensified to reach peak winds of 60 mph (95 km/h) later that day. Subsequently it quickly weakened, and it struck the western Florida coast as a tropical depression. On September 8 it degenerated into a remnant low pressure area off the coast of North Carolina,cite web|author=Daniel P. Brown and Miles Lawrence|year=2003|title=Tropical Storm Henri Tropical Cyclone Report|publisher= National Hurricane Center|accessdate = 2006-02-19|url=http://www.nhc.noaa.gov/2003henri.shtml] and after moving ashore near Cape Hatteras,cite web|author=James L. Franklin|year=2003|title=Tropical Weather Outlook for September 12, 2003|publisher=National Hurricane Center|accessdate = 2007-12-19|url=ftp://ftp.met.fsu.edu/pub/weather/tropical/Outlook-A/2003/Sep/2003091221.ABNT20] it crossed the Mid-Atlantic states and dissipated on September 17 over New England.cite web|author=David Roth|year=2006|title=Rainfall information on Tropical Storm Henri|publisher= Hydrometeorological Prediction Center|accessdate = 2007-12-19|url=http://www.hpc.ncep.noaa.gov/tropical/rain/henri2003.html]
Henri was responsible for locally heavy rainfall across Florida, but damage was minimal. The remnants of Henri caused heavy precipitation in
Delawareand Pennsylvania, causing $19.6 million in damage (2003 USD, $22 million 2007 USD).cite web|author=National Climatic Data Center|year=2003|title=Event Report for Delaware|accessdate = 2007-12-19|url=http://www4.ncdc.noaa.gov/cgi-win/wwcgi.dll?wwevent~ShowEvent~489038] cite web|author=National Climatic Data Center|year=2003|title=Event Report for Pennsylvania|accessdate = 2007-12-19|url=http://www4.ncdc.noaa.gov/cgi-win/wwcgi.dll?wwevent~ShowEvent~513663] In Delaware, the rainfall caused record-breaking river flooding, with part of the Red Clay Creekexperiencing a 500-year flood,cite web|author=Stefanie Baxter|year=2003|title=Henri Visits Delaware|publisher=Delaware Geological Survey|accessdate = 2006-06-12|url=http://ag.udel.edu/dwrc/newsletters/Forum2003/HenriPeakGage-Discharge-Precip.pdf] and the system left 109,000 residents without power in Pennsylvania. The impacts of the storm were severely compounded the following week by Hurricane Isabelacross the region.
Infobox Hurricane Small
Track=Isabel 2003 track.png
tropical wavemoved off the coast of Africa on September 1, which developed into Tropical Depression Thirteen early on September 6 to the southwest of the Cape Verdeislands. It quickly intensified into Tropical Storm Isabel,cite web|author=Jack Beven & Hugh Cobb|year=2003|title=Hurricane Isabel Tropical Cyclone Report|publisher= National Hurricane Center|accessdate=2007-12-19|url=http://www.nhc.noaa.gov/2003isabel.shtml?] and it continued to gradually intensify within an area of light wind shearand warm waters.cite web|author=Avila|year=2003|title=Tropical Storm Isabel Discussion Two|publisher=NHC|accessdate=2006-10-27|url=http://www.nhc.noaa.gov/archive/2003/dis/al132003.discus.002.shtml?] Isabel strengthened to a hurricane on September 7, and the following day it attained major hurricane status. Its intensity fluctuated over the subsequent days as it passed north of the Lesser Antilles, and it attained peak winds of 165 mph (270 km/h) on September 11, a Category 5 hurricane on the Saffir-Simpson Scale. The hurricane oscillated between Category 4 and Category 5 status over the following four days, before weakening due to wind shear. On September 18 Isabel made landfall between Cape Lookout and Ocracoke Islandin North Carolinawith winds of 105 mph (165 km/h). It continued northwestward, becoming extratropical over western Pennsylvaniabefore being absorbed by a larger storm over Ontarioon September 19.
Strong winds from Isabel extended from
North Carolinato New Englandand westward to West Virginia. The winds, combined with previous rainfall which moistened the soil, downed many trees and power lines across its path, leaving about 6 million electricity customers without power at some point. Coastal areas suffered from waves and its powerful storm surge, with areas in eastern North Carolina and southeast Virginiareporting severe damage from both winds and the storm surge. Throughout its path, Isabel resulted in $3.6 billion in damage (2003 USD, $4.04 billion 2007 USD) and 47 deaths, of which 16 were directly related to the storm's effects.cite web|author=United States Department of Commerce|year=2004|title=Service Assessment of Hurricane Isabel|publisher=NOAA|accessdate=2007-02-10|url=http://www.weather.gov/os/assessments/pdfs/isabel.pdf]
The governors of
Pennsylvania, West Virginia, Maryland, New Jersey, and Delawaredeclared states of emergencies.cite web|author=Scotsman.com|year=2003|title=America feels the wrath of Isabel|accessdate=2007-02-11|url=http://news.scotsman.com/hurricaneisabel/America-feels-the-wrath-of.2462951.jp] Isabel was the first major hurricane to threaten the Mid-Atlantic Statesand the South since Hurricane Floydin September 1999. Isabel's greatest impact was due to flooddamage, the worst in some areas of Virginiasince 1972's Hurricane Agnes. More than 60 million people were affected to some degree — a similar number to Floyd but more than any other hurricane in recent memory.cite web|author=National Climatic Data Center|year=2003|title=Climate of 2003- Comparison of Hurricanes Floyd, Hugo and Isabel|accessdate=2007-02-11|url=http://www.ncdc.noaa.gov/oa/climate/research/2003/fl-hu-is-comp.html]
Tropical Depression Fourteen
Infobox Hurricane Small
Track=14-L 2003 track.png
tropical wavemoved off the coast of Africa on September 6, and almost immediately it became associated with a broad surface circulation.cite web|author=James L. Franklin|year=2003|title=Tropical Depression Fourteen Tropical Cyclone Report|publisher=National Hurricane Center|accessdate=2007-12-19|url=http://www.nhc.noaa.gov/2003fourteen.shtml?] With favorable upper-level winds the system quickly became better organized, [cite web|author=Stacy Stewart|year=2003|title=September 7 Tropical Weather Outlook|publisher=National Hurricane Center|accessdate=2007-12-19|url=ftp://ftp.met.fsu.edu/pub/weather/tropical/Outlook-A/2003/Sep/2003090715.ABNT20] and on September 8 it possessed enough organization to be classified as Tropical Depression Fourteen while located about 290 miles (465 km) southeast of the southernmost Cape Verdeislands. Initially the depression failed to maintain an inner core of deep convection, and despite its occurrence with nearby dry air, the depression was forecast to intensify to hurricane status due to anticipated favorable conditions.cite web|author=Stacy Stewart|year=2003|title=Tropical Depression Fourteen Discussion One|publisher=National Hurricane Center|accessdate=2007-12-20|url=http://www.nhc.noaa.gov/archive/2003/dis/al142003.discus.001.shtml?]
In the hours subsequent to formation, the convection near the center decreased as the banding features dissipated. [cite web|author=Stacy Stewart|year=2003|title=Tropical Depression Fourteen Discussion Two|publisher=National Hurricane Center|accessdate=2007-12-20|url=http://www.nhc.noaa.gov/archive/2003/dis/al142003.discus.002.shtml?] Dry air greatly increased over the depression, and by September 9 the system was not forecast to intensify past minimal tropical storm status. [cite web|author=Richard Knabb & James Franklin|year=2003|title=Tropical Depression Fourteen Discussion Three|publisher=National Hurricane Center|accessdate=2007-12-20|url=http://www.nhc.noaa.gov/archive/2003/dis/al142003.discus.003.shtml?] Later that day an upper-level low tracked southward to the west of the depression, which increased wind shear and caused a steady north-northwest motion for the depression. The circulation became elongated and separated from the convection as it passed just west of the Cape Verde Islands, where it brought heavy rainfall, [cite web|author=Lixion Avila|year=2003|title=Tropical Depression Fourteen Public Advisory Eight|publisher=National Hurricane Center|accessdate=2007-12-20|url=http://www.nhc.noaa.gov/archive/2003/pub/al142003.public.008.shtml?] and on September 10 the depression dissipated.
Infobox Hurricane Small
Track=Juan 2003 track.png
tropical wavemoved off the coast of Africa on September 14,cite web|author= Lixion Avila|year=2003|title=Hurricane Juan Tropical Cyclone Report|publisher= National Hurricane Center(NHC)|accessdate=2007-12-21|url=http://www.nhc.noaa.gov/2003juan.shtml] and due to unfavorable wind shearit initially remained disorganized.Cite web|author=Avila|year=2003|title=September 17 Tropical Weather Outlook|publisher=NHC|accessdate=2006-10-30|url=ftp://ftp.met.fsu.edu/pub/weather/tropical/Outlook-A/2003/Sep/2003091721.ABNT20] An area of convection increased in association with an upper-level low, and it developed into Tropical Depression Fifteen on September 24 to the southeast of Bermuda. It steadily organized as it tracked northward, intensifying into Tropical Storm Juan on September 25 and attaining hurricane status on September 26. With warm waters and light wind shear, Juan reached peak winds of 105 mph (165 km/h) on September 27 about 635 miles (1020 km) south of Halifax, Nova Scotia.cite web|author=Avila|year=2003|title=Hurricane Juan Discussion Ten|publisher=NHC|accessdate=2007-12-21|url=http://www.nhc.noaa.gov/archive/2003/dis/al152003.discus.010.shtml?] It accelerated northward, weakening only slightly before moving ashore near Halifax on September 29 with winds of 100 mph (160 km/h). It quickly weakened while crossing the southern Canadian Maritimesbefore being absorbed by a large extratropical cycloneover the Gulf of Saint Lawrence.
The eyewall of Hurricane Juan was the first to directly cross over Halifax since a hurricane in August of 1893; the cyclone became one of the most damaging tropical cyclones in modern history for the city. The hurricane produced a record
storm surgeof 4.9 feet (1.5 m), which resulted in extensive flooding of the Halifax and Dartmouth waterfront properties. Strong winds caused widespread occurrences of falling trees, downed power lines, and damaged houses, and the hurricane was responsible for four direct deaths and four indirect deaths. More than 800,000 people were left without power. Nearly all wind-related damage occurred to the east of the storm track, and damage amounted to about $200 million (2003 CAD ($150 million 2003 USD).cite web|author=Chris Fogarty|year=2003|title=Hurricane Juan Storm Summary|publisher= Canadian Hurricane Centre/ Environment Canada|accessdate=2007-12-21|url=http://www.novaweather.net/Hurricane_Juan_files/Juan_Summary.pdf]
Infobox Hurricane Small
Track=Kate 2003 track.png
Pressure=952Kate developed from a
tropical wavein the central tropical Atlantic on September 25. The storm moved northwestward until a weakness in the subtropical ridgeforced it eastward. Kate strengthened to a hurricane, turned sharply westward while moving around a mid-level low, and intensified to a 125 mph (205 km/h) major hurricane on October 4. Kate turned sharply northward around the periphery of an anticyclone, weakened, and became extratropical after passing to the east of Newfoundland. The extratropical storm persisted for three days until losing its identity near Scandinavia.cite web|author=Pasch & Molleda|year=2003|title=Hurricane Kate Tropical Cyclone Report|publisher=National Hurricane Center|accessdate=2006-10-04|url=http://www.nhc.noaa.gov/2003kate.shtml?]
Atlantic Canadajust one week after Hurricane Juancaused severe damage in Nova Scotia. The storm had minimal effects on land, limited to moderately strong winds and heavy rainfall over Newfoundland;cite web|author=Rousell/Bowyer|year=2003|title=Canadian Hurricane Information Statement at 9:30 AM NDT Monday October 6, 2003|publisher=Canadian Hurricane Centre|accessdate=2006-10-04|url=http://www.atl.ec.gc.ca/weather/hurricane/bulletins/20031006121000.Kate.txt.en] St. John's reported 1.8 inches (45 mm) on October 6, a record for the date.cite web|author=CBC news|year=2003|title=Lots of rain, but no flooding from Kate|accessdate=2006-10-04|url=http://www.cbc.ca/canada/newfoundland-labrador/story/2003/10/07/nf_kate_20031007.html] The interaction between Kate and a high pressure area to its north produced 3 to 4 foot (1 m) waves along the coast of North Carolinaand New England.Cite web|author=Sean Collins and the Surfline Forecast Team|year=2003|title=Wavetraks October 2003 Newsletter|accessdate=2006-10-07|url=http://www.surfline.com/newsletter/November03.html]
Tropical Storm Larry
Infobox Hurricane Small
Track=Larry 2003 track.png
tropical wavemoved off the coast of Africa on September 17, which developed a low pressure areaon September 27 in the western Caribbean Sea. It moved ashore along the Yucatán Peninsulaon September 29 and developed into an extratropical cycloneas it interacted with a stationary cold front. Deep convection increased, and it transitioned into Tropical Storm Larry by October 1. The storm drifted generally southward, and after reaching peak winds of 65 mph (100 km/h) it made landfall in the Mexican state of Tabascoon October 5,cite web|author=Stacy Stuart|year=2003|title=Tropical Storm Larry Tropical Cyclone Report|publisher=National Hurricane Center|accessdate=2006-06-03|url=http://www.nhc.noaa.gov/2003larry.shtml] the first landfall in the state since Tropical Storm Brenda in 1973.cite web|author=Servicio Meteorológico Nacional|year=2003|title=Tormenta Tropical "Larry" del Océano Atlántico|language=Spanish|accessdate=2006-06-03|url=http://smn.cna.gob.mx/ciclones/tempo2003/atlantico/larry/larry.html] The remnants of Larry crossed the Isthmus of Tehuantepec, degenerating into a remnant low pressure area before dissipating on October 7 in the eastern Pacific Ocean.
The storm dropped heavy rainfall, peaking at 24.77 inches (629.2 mm) in
Upper Juarezin southeastern Mexico.cite web|author=David Roth|year=2006|title=Rainfall data for Tropical Storm Larry|publisher=HPC|accessdate=2006-09-21|url=http://www.hpc.ncep.noaa.gov/tropical/rain/larry2003.html] The rainfall caused mudslides and damage, which coincided with the presence of two other tropical cyclones – Eastern Pacific tropical storm Nora and Olaf.cite news|author=Associated Press|year=2003|title=Tropical Depression Olaf weakens after moving inland|accessdate=2006-06-03|url=http://www.floridatoday.com/!NEWSROOM/hurricane/100803trop.htm] Overall, the passage of the storm resulted in five deaths and $53.4 million in damage (2003 USD).cite web|author=Foro Consultivo Cientifico y Technológio|year=2005|title=Desastres mayores registrados en México de 1980 a 2003|accessdate=2006-06-03|language=Spanish|url=http://www.foroconsultivo.org.mx/eventos_realizados/proteccion1/ponencias/zuniga.pdf]
Tropical Storm Mindy
Infobox Hurricane Small
Track=Mindy 2003 track.png
tropical wavemoved off the coast of Africa on October 1, and tracking westward it began to organize after entering the Caribbean Sea. Despite strong southwesterly wind shear, a closed surface circulation developed over eastern Hispaniola, and late on October 10 the system developed into Tropical Storm Mindy just off the northern coast of Dominican Republic; upon forming, the storm reached its peak intensity of 45 mph (75 km/h). Strong vertical wind shearweakened the storm greatly, and after it turned to the northeast Mindy dissipated on October 14 about 445 miles (715 km) south-southwest of Bermuda.cite web|author=Miles B. Lawrence|year=2003|title=Tropical Storm Mindy Tropical Cyclone Report|publisher=National Hurricane Center|accessdate=2006-10-09|url=http://www.nhc.noaa.gov/2003mindy.shtml?]
The precursor tropical wave produced much-needed rainfall throughout the northern
Lesser Antilles,cite web|author=Dave McDermott|year=2003|title=Unofficial Reports from Stormcarib.com|accessdate=2006-10-09|url=http://www.stormcarib.com/hurr03.htm] including 2 to 4 inches (50 to 100 mm) in Saint Luciacite web|author=Sheldon Sylvester|year=2003|title=Unofficial Reports from Stormcarib.com in St. Lucia|accessdate=2006-10-09|url=http://www.stormcarib.com/reports/2003/stlucia.shtml] and two days nearly continuous rainfall in Antigua.Cite web|author=Alan Scholl|year=2003|title=Unofficial Reports from Stormcarib.com in Antigua|accessdate=2006-10-09|url=http://www.stormcarib.com/reports/2003/antigua.shtml] In Puerto Rico, heavy rainfall caused mudslides and bridge collapses.cite web|author=National Climatic Data Center|year=2003|title=Event Report for Puerto Rico (6)|accessdate=2006-10-09|url=http://www4.ncdc.noaa.gov/cgi-win/wwcgi.dll?wwevent~ShowEvent~529864] cite web|author=National Climatic Data Center|year=2003|title=Event Report for Puerto Rico (8)|accessdate=2006-10-09|url=http://www4.ncdc.noaa.gov/cgi-win/wwcgi.dll?wwevent~ShowEvent~529866] cite web|author=National Climatic Data Center|year=2003|title=Event Report for Puerto Rico (12)|accessdate=2006-10-09|url=http://www4.ncdc.noaa.gov/cgi-win/wwcgi.dll?wwevent~ShowEvent~529860] Moderate rainfall in the Dominican Republiccaused flooding and overflown rivers, and damaged 320 houses in Santiago Rodríguez with two feet of mud.
Tropical Storm Nicholas
Infobox Hurricane Small
Track=Nicholas 2003 track.png
Pressure=990Forming from a
tropical waveon October 13 in the central tropical Atlantic Ocean, Nicholas slowly developed due to moderate levels of wind shear throughout its lifetime. Deep convection slowly organized, and Nicholas attained a peak intensity of 70 mph (110 km/h) on October 17. After moving west-northwestward for much of its lifetime, it turned northward and weakened due to increasing shear. The storm again turned to the west and briefly restrengthened, but after turning again to the north Nicholas transitioned to an extratropicalcyclone on October 24. As an extratropical storm, Nicholas executed a large loop to the west, and after moving erratically for a week and organizing into a tropical low, it was absorbed by a non-tropical low. The low continued westward, crossed Florida, and ultimately dissipated over the Gulf Coast of the United Stateson November 5.cite web|author=Jack Beven|year=2003|title=Tropical Storm Nicholas Tropical Cyclone Report|publisher=National Hurricane Center|accessdate=2006-10-13|url=http://www.nhc.noaa.gov/2003nicholas.shtml?]
Nicholas had no impact as a tropical cyclone, and impact from the low that absorbed the storm was limited to rainfall, gusty winds, and rough surf.Cite web|author=Sean Collins|year=2003|title=Wavetraks November Newsletter|publisher=Surfline Forecast Team|accessdate=2006-10-14|url=http://www.surfline.com/newsletter/December03.html] The low that absorbed the storm nearly developed into a tropical cyclone, which would have been called Odette. However, moderate
wind shearprevented further development.cite web|author=Gary Padgett|year=2003|title=November 2003 Tropical Cyclone Summary|accessdate=2007-10-20|url=http://www.australiasevereweather.com/cyclones/2004/summ0311.htm]
Tropical Storm Odette
Infobox Hurricane Small
Track=Odette 2003 track.png
Pressure=993Odette was a rare December tropical storm, the first since Hurricane Lili in 1984, that formed on December 4 in the southwest Caribbean Sea. Odette strengthened and made landfall near
Cabo Falsoin the Dominican Republic on December 6 as a moderately strong tropical storm. A day later, Odette became extratropical, and eventually merged with a cold front.cite web|author=James Franklin|year=2003|title=Tropical Storm Odette Tropical Cyclone Report|publisher=National Hurricane Center|accessdate=2007-12-15|url=http://www.nhc.noaa.gov/2003odette.shtml?]
Eight deaths were directly attributed to this tropical storm in the
Dominican Republicdue to mudslides or flash flooding. In addition, two deaths were indirectly caused by the storm. Approximately 35% of the nation's bananacrop was destroyed. Light to moderate rainfall was reported in Puerto Rico.cite web|author=David Roth|year=2007|title=Rainfall Summary for Tropical Storm Odette (2003)|publisher=Hydrometeorological Prediction Center|accessdate=2007-12-22|url=http://www.hpc.ncep.noaa.gov/tropical/rain/odette2003.html]
Tropical Storm Peter
Infobox Hurricane Small
Track=Peter 2003 track.png
Pressure=990Peter was a short-lived storm, primarily notable for being the second December storm of the season, the first time this has occurred since the 1887 season. It is also notable for being only the second storm to reach the 'P' name since naming began in the Atlantic in 1950, and one of only three storms total to do this. The other storms were Pablo in the 1995 season and Philippe in the 2005 season.cite web|author=Hurricane Research Division|year=2007|title=Atlantic Hurricane Best Track (1851–2006)|publisher=NOAA|accessdate=2007-12-15|url=http://www.aoml.noaa.gov/hrd/hurdat/easyhurdat_5106.html]
Peter formed as a subtropical storm on December 7 from an extratropical gale. By December 9, Peter had become a strong tropical storm, nearly reaching hurricane strength. The organization would not last, as Peter became an extratropical low on December 11 and was absorbed by a cold front. No deaths or damages are associated with Peter. The formation of Peter made 2003 the busiest season since 1995.cite web|author=Lixion Avila|year=2003|title=Tropical Storm Peter Tropical Cyclone Report|publisher=National Hurricane Center|accessdate=2007-12-22|url=http://www.nhc.noaa.gov/2003peter.shtml]
Accumulated Cyclone Energy (ACE) Ranking
The table on the right shows the ACE for each storm in the season. The ACE is, broadly speaking, a measure of the power of the hurricane multiplied by the length of time it existed for, so hurricanes that lasted a long time (such as Isabel and Fabian) have higher ACEs. Isabel was one of the very few hurricanes since 1950 to have an ACE of over 50 104 kt2.
2003 Atlantic hurricane season
Lists of tropical cyclone names
* [http://www.nhc.noaa.gov/2003atlan.shtml NHC 2003 archives]
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