official_name = Sittwe
native_name = _my. စစ်တွေမြို့
imagesize = 300px
image_caption = Sittwe main street
dot_x = |dot_y =
pushpin_map_caption =Location in Myanmar
subdivision_type = Country
subdivision_type1 = Admin. division
subdivision_type2 = District
subdivision_type3 = Township
leader_title = Mayor
unit_pref = Imperial
population_as_of = 2007
population_total = 187,000
population_blank1_title = Ethnicities
population_blank2_title = Religions
utc_offset_DST = 20° 9' 0" North, 92° 54' 0" East
latd=20|latm=9 |lats=0 |latNS=N
longd=92 |longm=54 |longs=0 |longEW=E
Sittwe is a
townin Rakhine State, in the westernmost part of Myanmar(Burma). Sittwe (MYname|MY=စစ်တွေမြို့|MLCTS=sac twe mrui.; Rakhine: "Saitway"), formerly known as Akyab, is located on an estuarial islandcreated by the confluenceof the Kaladan River, Myu River, and Lemyo River emptying into the Bay of Bengal. The 2006 population 181,000 and it is the provincial capital.
Originally a small fishing village, Sittwe became an important seat of maritime commerce, especially as a port for the export of rice after the British occupation of
Arakan, now known as Rakhine State, following the First Anglo-Burmese War.
Sittwe was the location of a battle during the conquest of Arakan by the Burmese king
Bodawpaya. In 1784, the Burmese expeditionary force, some 30,000 strong, encountered the governor of Urittaung Province, Saite-ké(General) Aung and his force of 3000 [Shwe Lu Maung alias Shahnawaz Khan: The Price of Silence, A Muslim-Buddhist War of Bangladesh and Myanmar - A Social Darwinist's Analysis, DewDrop Arts & Technology, 2005] . Outnumbered hugely, the Arakanese force tried to fight the Burmese forces on both land and sea, but were brutally crushed. This defeat opened the route towards the inland Arakanese capital of Mrauk U, which was soon conquered, ending the independence of the Arakanese. According to Arakanese lore, all of the Arakanese defenders were killed.
During the First Anglo-Burmese War (1823-1826) the British forces landed at Sittwe and stationed their forces by the ancient pagoda, Ahkyaib-daw, which is still standing at the head of the city. The British adopted the name Akyab for the place. In 1826, the seat of government was transferred from the old Arakan capital of Mrohaung to Sittwe on the seacoast. During the first 40 years of British rule it increased from a
villageto a townof 15,536 inhabitants, and by 1901 it was the third port of Burma with a population of 31,687. During colonial times, Sittwe had a bad reputation for malariaand cholera, although historical records indicate that it was no better or worse than many other locations along the India coast.
The name Sittwe is the Burmese version of Saite Twêy, which means ‘the place where the war meets. When the Burmese King Bodawpaya invaded the
Rakhinekingdom in 1784, the Arakanese defenders encountered the Burmese force at the mouth of Kissapanadi (Kalandan) River. In the ensuing battle, which was waged on both land and water, the Arakanese were defeated. The place where the battle occurred came to be called Saite Twêy by the Arakanese and colloquialized as 'Sittwe' by the Burmese.
The city is predominantly Buddhist but there is a large Rohingya commuinity as well as other muslims groups causing ethnic and religious tensions. [ Human Rights News:Crackdown on Burmese Muslims Jullly '02 http://hrw.org/backgrounder/asia/burma-bck7.htm ]
Ahkyaib-daw, is one of the most sacred Buddhist pagodas, believed to have built in the days of Emperor Asoka (r. 269-232 BCE). The pagoda Ahdyaid-daw, meaning maxillary bone, is believed to be built on a foundation encasing a piece of Buddha’s maxillary bone hence its name. [Shwe Lu Maung alias Shahnawaz Khan, The Price of Silence: Muslim-Buddhist War of Bangladesh and Myanmar – A Social Darwinist’s Analysis, DewDrop Arts & Technology, 2005, p174. [http://www.shwelumaung.org] ]
Sittwe is the birthplace of political monks in Myanmar. It was the birthplace of U Ottama, who was the first monk to protest against the colonial British. Also, in the recent 2007 riots, it was the monks in Sittwe who were the first to protest.
The city is home to the
Sittway University. The British writer Hector Hugh Munro, better known under his pen name Saki, was born in Sittwe in 1870, and returned to Burma, as it was then, to work as a young police officer.
In February 2007,
Indiaannounced a plan to develop the port, which would enable ocean access from Indian Northeastern states like Mizoram, via the Kaladan River. [ [http://www.hindustantimes.com/news/181_1918666,0002.htm India to develop Myanmar port to benefit northeast, Press Trust of India, February 3, 2007] ] . Sittwe's citizenry, especially Buddhist monks, have participated in the 2007 Burmese anti-government protests
* [http://www.fallingrain.com/world/BM/1/Sittwe.html FallingRain Map - elevation = 1m]
* [http://www.maplandia.com/burma/arakan-rakhine/sittwe-akyab/sittwe/ 20° 9' 0" North, 92° 54' 0" East Satellite map at Maplandia.com]
* [http://www.kaladan.com Kaladan.com - covering Kaladan project and news]
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Look at other dictionaries:
Sittwe — [sit′wē΄] seaport in W Myanmar: pop. 108,000 … English World dictionary
Sittwe — Localisation de Sittwe Rue principale … Wikipédia en Français
Sittwe — /sit way/, n. a seaport in W Burma (Myanmar). 107,907. Formerly, Akyab. * * * ▪ Myanmar also called Akyab, town, western Myanmar (Burma). It is the chief settlement of the Arakan region. Situated on the Bay of Bengal at the mouth of the… … Universalium
Sittwe — Original name in latin Sittwe Name in other language AKY, Ak jab, Akyab, Sittwe, Акьяб State code MM Continent/City Asia/Rangoon longitude 20.14624 latitude 92.89835 altitude 5 Population 177743 Date 2012 12 06 … Cities with a population over 1000 database
Sittwe — Karte mit den Verwaltungseinheiten von Myanmar; Rakhaing Staat hervorgehoben Akjab (Akyab, birmanisch Tsit htwe) ist die Hauptstadt des Rakhaing bzw. Arakan Staats in Myanmar (Birma) und bildet zugleich den Haupthafen an der Ostküste der Insel… … Deutsch Wikipedia
Sittwe — (Sittway) The capital of Arakan (Rakhine) State, known as Akyab during the British colonial era, a Bengali name. Its population was estimated at 135,033 in 1996. Located at the mouth of the Kaladan River, where it empties into the Bay of… … Historical Dictionary of Burma (Myanmar)
Sittwe — or formerly Akyab geographical name city & port W Myanmar; chief town of Arakan coast population 42,329 … New Collegiate Dictionary
Sittwe — Sịttwe, Akyạb, Hauptstadt des Rakhinestaates, Birma, Hafen am Golf von Bengalen, 106 900 Einwohner; Reismühlen … Universal-Lexikon
Sittwe — Akyab … Sinonimi e Contrari. Terza edizione
Sittwe — Sit•twe [[t]ˈsɪt weɪ[/t]] n. geg a seaport in W Burma. 107,907 Formerly, Akyab … From formal English to slang