Sittwe


Sittwe

Infobox Settlement
official_name = Sittwe
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native_name = _my. စစ်တွေမြို့
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imagesize = 300px
image_caption = Sittwe main street


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pushpin_label_position =bottom
pushpin_map_caption =Location in Myanmar
subdivision_type = Country
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subdivision_type1 = Admin. division
subdivision_name1 = Rakhine State
subdivision_type2 = District
subdivision_name2 = Sittwe District
subdivision_type3 = Township
subdivision_name3 = Sittwe Township
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population_total = 187,000
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population_blank1_title = Ethnicities
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population_blank2 = Buddhism
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utc_offset_DST = 20° 9' 0" North, 92° 54' 0" East
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longd=92 |longm=54 |longs=0 |longEW=E
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Sittwe is a town in Rakhine State, in the westernmost part of Myanmar (Burma). Sittwe (MYname|MY=စစ်တွေမြို့|MLCTS=sac twe mrui.; Rakhine: "Saitway"), formerly known as Akyab, is located on an estuarial island created by the confluence of the Kaladan River, Myu River, and Lemyo River emptying into the Bay of Bengal. The 2006 population 181,000 and it is the provincial capital.

History

Originally a small fishing village, Sittwe became an important seat of maritime commerce, especially as a port for the export of rice after the British occupation of Arakan, now known as Rakhine State, following the First Anglo-Burmese War.

Sittwe was the location of a battle during the conquest of Arakan by the Burmese king Bodawpaya. In 1784, the Burmese expeditionary force, some 30,000 strong, encountered the governor of Urittaung Province, Saite-ké(General) Aung and his force of 3000 [Shwe Lu Maung alias Shahnawaz Khan: The Price of Silence, A Muslim-Buddhist War of Bangladesh and Myanmar - A Social Darwinist's Analysis, DewDrop Arts & Technology, 2005] . Outnumbered hugely, the Arakanese force tried to fight the Burmese forces on both land and sea, but were brutally crushed. This defeat opened the route towards the inland Arakanese capital of Mrauk U, which was soon conquered, ending the independence of the Arakanese. According to Arakanese lore, all of the Arakanese defenders were killed.

During the First Anglo-Burmese War (1823-1826) the British forces landed at Sittwe and stationed their forces by the ancient pagoda, Ahkyaib-daw, which is still standing at the head of the city. The British adopted the name Akyab for the place. In 1826, the seat of government was transferred from the old Arakan capital of Mrohaung to Sittwe on the seacoast. During the first 40 years of British rule it increased from a village to a town of 15,536 inhabitants, and by 1901 it was the third port of Burma with a population of 31,687. During colonial times, Sittwe had a bad reputation for malaria and cholera, although historical records indicate that it was no better or worse than many other locations along the India coast.

Etymology

The name Sittwe is the Burmese version of Saite Twêy, which means ‘the place where the war meets. When the Burmese King Bodawpaya invaded the Rakhine kingdom in 1784, the Arakanese defenders encountered the Burmese force at the mouth of Kissapanadi (Kalandan) River. In the ensuing battle, which was waged on both land and water, the Arakanese were defeated. The place where the battle occurred came to be called Saite Twêy by the Arakanese and colloquialized as 'Sittwe' by the Burmese.

Religion

The city is predominantly Buddhist but there is a large Rohingya commuinity as well as other muslims groups causing ethnic and religious tensions. [ Human Rights News:Crackdown on Burmese Muslims Jullly '02 http://hrw.org/backgrounder/asia/burma-bck7.htm ]

Ahkyaib-daw, is one of the most sacred Buddhist pagodas, believed to have built in the days of Emperor Asoka (r. 269-232 BCE). The pagoda Ahdyaid-daw, meaning maxillary bone, is believed to be built on a foundation encasing a piece of Buddha’s maxillary bone hence its name. [Shwe Lu Maung alias Shahnawaz Khan, The Price of Silence: Muslim-Buddhist War of Bangladesh and Myanmar – A Social Darwinist’s Analysis, DewDrop Arts & Technology, 2005, p174. [http://www.shwelumaung.org] ]

Sittwe is the birthplace of political monks in Myanmar. It was the birthplace of U Ottama, who was the first monk to protest against the colonial British. Also, in the recent 2007 riots, it was the monks in Sittwe who were the first to protest.

Other

The city is home to the Sittway University. The British writer Hector Hugh Munro, better known under his pen name Saki, was born in Sittwe in 1870, and returned to Burma, as it was then, to work as a young police officer.

In February 2007, India announced a plan to develop the port, which would enable ocean access from Indian Northeastern states like Mizoram, via the Kaladan River. [ [http://www.hindustantimes.com/news/181_1918666,0002.htm India to develop Myanmar port to benefit northeast, Press Trust of India, February 3, 2007] ] . Sittwe's citizenry, especially Buddhist monks, have participated in the 2007 Burmese anti-government protests

Image Gallery



ee also

*Sittwe Airport

References

* [http://www.fallingrain.com/world/BM/1/Sittwe.html FallingRain Map - elevation = 1m]

External links

* [http://www.maplandia.com/burma/arakan-rakhine/sittwe-akyab/sittwe/ 20° 9' 0" North, 92° 54' 0" East Satellite map at Maplandia.com]
* [http://www.kaladan.com Kaladan.com - covering Kaladan project and news]


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Look at other dictionaries:

  • Sittwe — [sit′wē΄] seaport in W Myanmar: pop. 108,000 …   English World dictionary

  • Sittwe — Localisation de Sittwe Rue principale …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Sittwe — /sit way/, n. a seaport in W Burma (Myanmar). 107,907. Formerly, Akyab. * * * ▪ Myanmar also called  Akyab,         town, western Myanmar (Burma). It is the chief settlement of the Arakan region. Situated on the Bay of Bengal at the mouth of the… …   Universalium

  • Sittwe — Original name in latin Sittwe Name in other language AKY, Ak jab, Akyab, Sittwe, Акьяб State code MM Continent/City Asia/Rangoon longitude 20.14624 latitude 92.89835 altitude 5 Population 177743 Date 2012 12 06 …   Cities with a population over 1000 database

  • Sittwe — Karte mit den Verwaltungseinheiten von Myanmar; Rakhaing Staat hervorgehoben Akjab (Akyab, birmanisch Tsit htwe) ist die Hauptstadt des Rakhaing bzw. Arakan Staats in Myanmar (Birma) und bildet zugleich den Haupthafen an der Ostküste der Insel… …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Sittwe —    (Sittway)    The capital of Arakan (Rakhine) State, known as Akyab during the British colonial era, a Bengali name. Its population was estimated at 135,033 in 1996. Located at the mouth of the Kaladan River, where it empties into the Bay of… …   Historical Dictionary of Burma (Myanmar)

  • Sittwe — or formerly Akyab geographical name city & port W Myanmar; chief town of Arakan coast population 42,329 …   New Collegiate Dictionary

  • Sittwe — Sịttwe,   Akyạb, Hauptstadt des Rakhinestaates, Birma, Hafen am Golf von Bengalen, 106 900 Einwohner; Reismühlen …   Universal-Lexikon

  • Sittwe — Akyab …   Sinonimi e Contrari. Terza edizione

  • Sittwe — Sit•twe [[t]ˈsɪt weɪ[/t]] n. geg a seaport in W Burma. 107,907 Formerly, Akyab …   From formal English to slang