- Presidency Council of Iraq
The Presidency Council of
Iraq, under the Constitution of Iraqand previously under the Transitional Administrative Law, serves collectively as the head of stateof Iraq. The Presidency council consists of one President and two deputies, or Vice-Presidents.The Presidency Council must make all decisions unanimously. After the next election in 2009, the Council will be replaced by a single President as head of state. [http://www.washingtonpost.com/wp-dyn/content/article/2005/10/12/AR2005101201450.html]
The members of the Presidency Council are elected by a two-thirds majority in the
Iraqi Council of Representatives.The Presidency Council has the right to vetolegislation passed by the Council of Representatives, but the Council of Representatives may override the veto with a 60% majority. [See Article 134(5)(C) of the [http://portal.unesco.org/ci/en/files/20704/11332732681iraqi_constitution_en.pdf/iraqi_constitution_en.pdf Constitution of Iraq translated by the UN] ] Under the TAL the override required a two-thirds majority.
The Presidency Council appoints the
Prime Minister of Iraq, who appoints the ministers which form the Iraqi Council of Ministers.The Presidency Council has the right to appoint military officers at the rank of General, pending the approval of a majority of the Council of Representatives.The Presidency Council chooses between the Higher Juridical Councilnominees for the Supreme Court.
In addition, the Presidency Council serves as the ceremonial
commander-in-chiefof the Iraqi Armed Forces, however it exerts no command authority.
The first Presidency Council was elected by the National Assembly on
6 April, 2005, after more than two months of negotiations between the United Iraqi Allianceand Democratic Patriotic Alliance of Kurdistanpolitical factions. Kurdish leader Jalal Talabanibecame President, with Shi'iteUIA and SCIRI member Adel Abdul Mahdi and outgoing SunniPresident Ghazi al-Yawaras his deputies.
The second Presidency Council, the first under the new
Constitution of Iraq, consisted of President Jalal Talabani, and Vice Presidents Adel Abdul Mahdiand Tariq Al-Hashimi.
* [http://www.cpa-iraq.org/government/TAL.html Transitional Administrative Law]
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