North Caldwell, New Jersey


North Caldwell, New Jersey
North Caldwell, New Jersey
—  Borough  —
Map of North Caldwell in Essex County. Inset: Location of essex County highlighted in the State of New Jersey.
Census Bureau map of North Caldwell, New Jersey
Coordinates: 40°51′48″N 74°15′59″W / 40.86333°N 74.26639°W / 40.86333; -74.26639Coordinates: 40°51′48″N 74°15′59″W / 40.86333°N 74.26639°W / 40.86333; -74.26639
Country United States
State New Jersey
County Essex
Incorporated March 31, 1898
Government[1]
 – Type Borough
 – Mayor Joseph Alessi
Area
 – Total 3.0 sq mi (7.8 km2)
 – Land 3.0 sq mi (7.8 km2)
 – Water 0.0 sq mi (0.0 km2)
Elevation[2] 413 ft (126 m)
Population (2010)[3]
 – Total 6,183
 – Density 2,464.6/sq mi (951.6/km2)
Time zone Eastern (EST) (UTC-5)
 – Summer (DST) EDT (UTC-4)
ZIP code 07006
Area code(s) 973
FIPS code 34-52620[4][5]
GNIS feature ID 0878839[6]
Website http://www.northcaldwell.org

North Caldwell is a borough in northwestern Essex County, New Jersey, United States, and a suburb of New York City. As of the United States 2000 Census, the borough population was 7,375.

North Caldwell was incorporated by an Act of the New Jersey Legislature on March 31, 1898, from portions of Caldwell Township (now known as Fairfield Township).[7] In 1982, North Caldwell became a township to take advantage of federal revenue sharing policies.[8] Effective January 1, 1992, it again became a borough.[9]

New Jersey Monthly magazine ranked North Caldwell as its 10th best place to live in its 2010 rankings of the "Best Places To Live" in New Jersey.[10]

Contents

Geography

North Caldwell is located at 40°51′49″N 74°15′31″W / 40.863532°N 74.258700°W / 40.863532; -74.258700 (40.863532, -74.258700).[11]

According to the United States Census Bureau, the borough has a total area of 3.0 square miles (7.8 km2), all of it land.

North Caldwell is bordered by Cedar Grove, Wayne, Fairfield Township, West Caldwell, Caldwell, Essex Fells and Verona.

Demographics

As of the 2010 Census North Caldwell had a population of 6,183. The median age was 43.8. The racial and ethnic composition of the population was 88.5% non-Hispanic white, 0.7% black or African American, 2.0% Asian Indian, 3.7% other Asian, 1.3% from two or more races and 4.2% Hispanic or Latino.[12]

As of the census[4] of 2000, there were 7,375 people, 2,070 households, and 1,834 families residing in the borough. The population density was 2,464.6 people per square mile (952.3/km2). There were 2,108 housing units at an average density of 704.5 per square mile (272.2/km2). The racial makeup of the borough was 79.63% White, 14.51% African American, 0.03% Native American, 4.71% Asian, 0.26% from other races, and 0.87% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 2.16% of the population.

There were 2,070 households out of which 42.0% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 80.5% were married couples living together, 5.9% had a female householder with no husband present, and 11.4% were non-families. 9.6% of all households were made up of individuals and 4.8% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 3.02 and the average family size was 3.23.

In the borough the population was spread out with 23.1% under the age of 18, 8.7% from 18 to 24, 31.0% from 25 to 44, 26.4% from 45 to 64, and 10.9% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 37 years. For every 100 females there were 118.5 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 124.2 males.

North Caldwell is an extremely wealthy borough and has consistently been ranked as one of the wealthiest towns not only in the state but in the country. The median income for a household in the borough was $117,395, and the median income for a family was $125,465. Males had a median income of $87,902 versus $47,904 for females. The per capita income for the borough was $48,249. About 0.8% of families and 1.2% of the population were below the poverty line, including 2.4% of those under age 18 and none of those age 65 or over.

  • The above demographics derived from the 2000 census are skewed by the presence of the Essex County Jail Annex which was in North Caldwell until 2004. With the construction of the new Essex County Jail, the facility in North Caldwell has since been consolidated with the new facility in Newark.
Historical populations
Census Pop.
1930 1,492
1940 1,572 5.4%
1950 1,781 13.3%
1960 4,163 133.7%
1970 6,733 61.7%
1980 5,832 −13.4%
1990 6,706 15.0%
2000 7,375 10.0%
2010 6,183 −16.2%

Government

Local government

North Caldwell is governed under the Borough form of New Jersey municipal government. The government consists of a Mayor and a Borough Council comprising six council members, with all positions elected at large. A Mayor is elected directly by the voters to a four-year term of office. The Borough Council consists of six members elected to serve three-year terms on a staggered basis, with two seats coming up for election each year.[1]

The Mayor of North Caldwell is Joseph Alessi, whose term of office ends December 31, 2014. Members of the Borough Council (with council assignments and term-end dates in parentheses) are Council President Richard Hampson (Public Safety, 2009), Joseph Alessi (Finance, 2010), James Campbell (Public Works / Utilities, 2010), John Chiaia (Recreation, 2008), Cynthia Santomauro (Legal and Ordinance, 2008) and Susan Volkert (Personnel / Administration, 2009).[13]

Federal, state and county representation

North Caldwell is part of the 11th Congressional district. New Jersey's Eleventh Congressional District is represented by Rodney Frelinghuysen (R, Harding Township). New Jersey is represented in the United States Senate by Frank Lautenberg (D, Cliffside Park) and Bob Menendez (D, Hoboken).

North Caldwell is in the 27th Legislative District of the New Jersey Legislature, which is represented in the New Jersey Senate by Richard Codey (D, Roseland) and in the New Jersey General Assembly by Mila Jasey (D, South Orange) and John F. McKeon (D, West Orange).[14]

Essex County's County Executive is Joseph N. DiVincenzo, Jr.[15] The executive, along with the Board of Chosen Freeholders administer all county business. The county's Board of Chosen Freeholders consists of nine members, four elected on an at-large basis and one from each of five wards, who serve terms of office on a concurrent basis.[16] As of 2011 Essex County's Freeholders are Freeholder President Blonnie R. Watson (at large)[17], Freeholder Vice President Ralph R. Caputo (District 5)[18], Rufus I. Johnson (at large)[19], Donald M. Payne, Jr. (at large)[20], Patricia Sebold (at large)[21], Samuel Gonzalez (District 1)[22], D. Bilal Beasley (District 2)[23], Carol Y. Clark (District 3)[24] and Linda Lordi Cavanaugh (District 4).[25][26]

Politics

On the national level, North Caldwell leans toward the Republican Party. In 2008, Republican John McCain received 57% of the votes, defeating Democrat Barack Obama, who received around 41%.[27]

History

North Caldwell was part of the Horseneck Tract, which was an area that consisted of what are now the municipalities of Caldwell, West Caldwell, North Caldwell, Fairfield, Verona, Cedar Grove, Essex Fells, Roseland, and portions of Livingston and West Orange.

In 1702, settlers purchased the 14,000 acres (57 km2) Horseneck Tract — so-called because of its irregular shape that suggested a horse's neck and head — from the Lenni Lenape Native Americans for goods equal to $325. This purchase encompassed much of western Essex County, from the First Mountain to the Passaic River.

Education

The North Caldwell Public Schools serve students in Kindergarten through sixth grade. Schools in the district (with 2005-06 enrollment data from the National Center for Education Statistics[28]) are Grandview School for grades K-3 (412 students; Michael Stefanelli, Principal) and Gould School for grades 4-6 (319 students; Chris Checchetto, Principal).

North Caldwell is home to the West Essex Regional School District, which also serves public school students from Fairfield, Essex Fells and Roseland in Grades 7-12.[29] Schools in the district (with 2005-06 enrollment data from the National Center for Education Statistics[30]) are West Essex Junior High School (grades 7-8; 833 students) and West Essex High School (grades 9-12; 729 students).

Popular culture connections

In The Sopranos, Tony Soprano and his family reside in this North Caldwell house
  • In 1994, the "Unabomber", Theodore Kaczynski sent a mail bomb to Thomas J Mosser, an advertising executive who resided in North Caldwell, killing him. This incident put the small town on the national map for a brief moment in time.[31]
  • In the HBO television show The Sopranos, Tony Soprano and his family reside in North Caldwell.[32] Many scenes from the show were filmed in North Caldwell and other communities in North Jersey.
  • Stuckeyville, the fictional town in the NBC television series Ed, was said to be modeled after North Caldwell.[33]
  • The 1994 film North contained scenes which were filmed in North Caldwell.
  • Sylvester Stallone filmed scenes from the movie Cop Land in 1997 at the Hilltop Reservations
  • Jermaine Jackson filmed the "Dynamite" music video at the Essex County Jail Annex in 1984

Notable residents

Notable current and former residents of North Caldwell include:

References

  1. ^ a b 2005 New Jersey Legislative District Data Book, Rutgers University Edward J. Bloustein School of Planning and Public Policy, April 2005, p. 125.
  2. ^ U.S. Geological Survey Geographic Names Information System: Township of North Caldwell, Geographic Names Information System, accessed January 4, 2008.
  3. ^ http://php.app.com/census/results2.php?pageNum_Recordset1=1&totalRows_Recordset1=23&State=NJ&County=Essex&Town=%25&Submit=Search
  4. ^ a b "American FactFinder". United States Census Bureau. http://factfinder.census.gov. Retrieved 2008-01-31. 
  5. ^ A Cure for the Common Codes: New Jersey, Missouri Census Data Center. Accessed July 14, 2008.
  6. ^ "US Board on Geographic Names". United States Geological Survey. 2007-10-25. http://geonames.usgs.gov. Retrieved 2008-01-31. 
  7. ^ "The Story of New Jersey's Civil Boundaries: 1606-1968", John P. Snyder, Bureau of Geology and Topography; Trenton, New Jersey; 1969. p. 130.
  8. ^ New Jersey State Commission on County and Municipal Government, Modern Forms of Municipal Government, 1992, Chapter VI: Municipal Names and Municipal Classification
  9. ^ U.S. Census Bureau, 1990s boundary changes: New Jersey, accessed June 2008
  10. ^ "Best Places To Live - The Complete Top Towns List 1-100", New Jersey Monthly, February 21, 2010. Accessed February 21, 2010.
  11. ^ "US Gazetteer files: 2010, 2000, and 1990". United States Census Bureau. 2011-02-12. http://www.census.gov/geo/www/gazetteer/gazette.html. Retrieved 2011-04-23. 
  12. ^ 2010 general profile of population and housing characteristics of North Caldwell from the US Census
  13. ^ North Caldwell Mayor and Council, Borough of North Caldwell. Accessed September 20, 2007.
  14. ^ "Legislative Roster: 2010-2011 Session". New Jersey Legislature. http://www.njleg.state.nj.us/members/roster.asp. Retrieved 2010-12-06. 
  15. ^ Essex County Executive, Essex County, New Jersey. Accessed January 3, 2011.
  16. ^ Definition of a Freeholder, Essex County, New Jersey. Accessed January 3, 2011.
  17. ^ Blonnie R. Watson, Essex County, New Jersey. Accessed January 3, 2011.
  18. ^ Ralph R. Caputo, Essex County, New Jersey. Accessed January 3, 2011.
  19. ^ Rufus I. Johnson, Essex County, New Jersey. Accessed January 3, 2011.
  20. ^ Donald M. Payne, Jr., Essex County, New Jersey. Accessed January 3, 2011.
  21. ^ Patricia Sebold, Essex County, New Jersey. Accessed January 3, 2011.
  22. ^ Samuel Gonzalez, Essex County, New Jersey. Accessed January 3, 2011.
  23. ^ D. Bilal Beasley, Essex County, New Jersey. Accessed January 3, 2011.
  24. ^ Carol Y. Clark, Essex County, New Jersey. Accessed January 3, 2011.
  25. ^ Linda Lordi Cavanaugh, Essex County, New Jersey. Accessed January 3, 2011.
  26. ^ The Board of Chosen Freeholders, Essex County, New Jersey. Accessed January 3, 2011.
  27. ^ http://www.state.nj.us/state/elections/results_2009_doe.html
  28. ^ Data for the North Caldwell Public Schools, National Center for Education Statistics. Accessed March 2, 2008.
  29. ^ West Essex Regional High School 2007 School Report Card, New Jersey Department of Education. Accessed March 1, 2008. "West Essex High School is located in North Caldwell and serves the four area sending districts of Essex Fells, Fairfield, North Caldwell, and Roseland."
  30. ^ Data for the West Essex Regional School District, National Center for Education Statistics. Accessed August 4, 2008.
  31. ^ "Unabom Case Plea To Be Made via TV", The New York Times, November 20, 1996. Accessed May 14, 2007. "ABSTRACT - Lawyers for Theodore J Kaczynski, suspected Unabomber, agree to waive his right to appear in person in Newark court to enter plea to charges he killed Thomas J Mosser, advertising executive who lived in North Caldwell, NJ."
  32. ^ Carter, Bill. "The Last Aria of Tony Soprano", The New York Times, February 26, 2006.
  33. ^ Jokes are his Currency: TV comedy writer Rob Burnett, executive producer of The Late Show with David Letterman, has just launched a new sitcom on ABC., Greenwich Magazine, November 2006. "He grew up the son of a dentist and a housewife in North Caldwell, New Jersey, the bucolic model for Ed’s Stuckeyville."
  34. ^ Ross, Sherry. "THE DEVIL'S LITTLE ANGELS PUCK STOPS HERE FOR BRODEUR CLAN", New York Daily News, January 3, 1999. Accessed June 12, 2008. "The Brodeur home in North Caldwell (N.J.) is filled with kid-friendly furniture and toys for sons Anthony, 31/2, and twins William and Jeremy, who just turned 2."
  35. ^ DeCaro, Frank. " No Longer the Punch-Line State; Lauryn Hill, the Sopranos and others are unapologetic New Jerseyans.", The New York Times, April 4, 1999."Growing up in Clifton and North Caldwell, Mr. Chase said, New Jersey seemed very exciting and very mysterious, not dull and predictable as many New Yorkers like to believe."
  36. ^ Bautista, Justo. "DEVILS STAR ARRAIGNED ON SEX-CONTACT CHARGE", The Record (Bergen County), January 19, 1995. Accessed November 19, 2007. "The burly North Caldwell resident was released on his own recognizance pending a pretrial hearing in Superior Court in Paterson next Wednesday, a police source said. "
  37. ^ Pates, Kevin. "FOR LANGENBRUNNER, SECOND CUP JUST AS SWEET", Duluth News Tribune, June 11, 2003.
  38. ^ Morley, Hugh R. "Chamber President Works with Mexican Government on New Jersey Trade Office.", The Record (Bergen County), April 7, 2002. Accessed June 12, 2008. "Even by the standards of immigrant success stories, Lucero -- a wealthy Mexican-American trucking and warehouse magnate from North Caldwell- has an unusual resume."
  39. ^ "Celebrate the life and work of poet Richard Wilbur", The Berkshire Eagle, June 24, 2005. "Wilbur spent His childhood in North Caldwell, NJ the son of a painter..."

External links


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