3rd Mountain Division (Germany)


3rd Mountain Division (Germany)

Infobox Military Unit
unit_name="3. Gebirgs-Division"


caption=Eduard Dietl - first commander of the division
country=Nazi Germany
type=Mountain Division
branch=Heer Unit
dates=Raised April 1, 1938, Surrendered 1945
command_structure=Created as "3. Gebirgs-Division"in 1940.
garrison=Graz
nickname=
battles=
notable_commanders=Generaloberst Eduard Dietl
General der Gebirgstruppen Julius Ringel
associated units= As of 1939

138. Gebirgsjäger Regiment
139. Gebirgsjäger Regiment
Gebirgs-Artillerie-Regiment 112
Aufklärungs-Abteilung 12
Panzerabwehr-Abteilung 48
Gebirgs-Pionier-Bataillon 83
Gebirgsjäger-Feldersatz-Bataillon 68
Gebirgs-Divisions-Nachschubtruppen 68
Gebirgs-Divisions-Nachrichten-Abteilung 68
Radfahr-Abteilung 68
Aufklärungs-Abteilung 83

The 3. Gebirgs-Division was a division in the German Army during World War II. Raised from the Austrian 5th and 7th Divisions, it took part in the Invasion of Poland 1939 as part of Army Group South, but was transferred to garrison the West Wall before that campaign was over. In 1940 it joined the invasion of Norway, most famously sending its 139th Mountain Regiment under General Eduard Dietl to seize the ice-free Arctic port of Narvik. The Allies briefly managed to take the town back, but abandoned it to the Germans after the invasion of France.

In 1941 the division moved into Lapland to participate in Operation Silberfuchs, the attack on the Soviet Arctic as part of Operation Barbarossa, but failed to capture Murmansk. The division was withdrawn to Germany for rehabilitation at the end of the year, but left its 139th Mountain Infantry Regiment behind to operate independently. After rehabilitation, the division returned to Norway in 1942, where it served as a reserve. It was then transferred to the Eastern Front, where it served as a reserve for Army Group North near Leningrad. In November 1942 it was committed to the front where the Soviets had surrounded Velikiye Luki, and then transferred to the far south to help in the attempt to relieve Stalingrad. It fought the remainder of the war in the south, retreating with the front lines through the Ukraine, Hungary, Slovakia, and finally surrendering to the Soviets in Silesia at the end of the war.

Commanders

* Generaloberst Eduard Dietl (1938 - June 14, 1940)
* General der Gebirgstruppen Julius Ringel (June 14, 1940 - October 23, 1940)
* General der Gebirgstruppen Hans Kreysing (October 23, 1940 - August 10, 1943)
* Generalleutnant Egbert Picker (August 10, 1943 - August 26, 1943)
* General der Infanterie Siegfried Rasp (August 26, 1943 - September 10, 1943)
* Generalleutnant Egbert Picker (September 10, 1943 - September 29, 1943)
* Generalleutnant August Wittmann (September 29, 1943 - July 03, 1944)
* Generalleutnant Paul Klatt (July 03, 1944 - May 08, 1945)

See also

* 9th Mountain Division (more about the 139th Mountain Regiment)
* Division (military), Military unit, List of German divisions in WWII
* Heer, Wehrmacht

References

* Pipes, Jason. " [http://www.feldgrau.com/3hg.html 3rd Gebirgsjager Division] ". Retrieved April 8, 2005.
* Wendel, Marcus (2004). " [http://www.axishistory.com/index.php?id=1046 3. Gebirgs-Division] ". Retrieved April 8, 2005.
* " [http://www.lexikon-der-wehrmacht.de/Gliederungen/Gebirgsdivisionen/3GebD-R.htm 3. Gebirgs-Division] ". Article at www.lexikon-der-wehrmacht.de. de icon Retrieved April 8, 2005.


Wikimedia Foundation. 2010.

Look at other dictionaries:

  • 9th Mountain Division (Germany) — The German 9th Mountain Division was a Nazi Germany military division (technical designation Division zbV 140 ). It was formed in 1945 from the Shadow Division Steiermark. Two simultaneous but independent attempts were made to raise the division… …   Wikipedia

  • 2nd Mountain Division (Germany) — The German 2nd Mountain Division was raised in 1938 from the former Austrian 6th Mountain Division and German mountain troops. It fought as part of Army Group South during the Invasion of Poland (1939, attacking from the territory of Slovak… …   Wikipedia

  • 1st Mountain Division (Germany) — The German 1st Mountain Division or 1.Gebirgs Division was a mountain infantry division within the Wehrmacht during the WWII. FormationThe division was created in April 1938 from the existing Mountain Brigade ( Gebirgsbrigade or Gebirgs Brigade ) …   Wikipedia

  • 188th Reserve Mountain Division (Germany) — German Division Nr. 188fn|1 was raised in late 1939. It consisted of the 136th, 138th and 139th Reserve Mountain Regiments, plus supporting units.fn|2 It began the war on border guard duty in the mountainous region between Austria and Yugoslavia …   Wikipedia

  • 1st Armoured Division (Germany) — Division Intervention Forces/ 1st Armoured Division 1. Panzerdivision 1st Armoured Division insignia Active 1956 present Country …   Wikipedia

  • Special Operations Division (Germany) — Special Operations Division Division Spezielle Operationen Special Operations Division Shoulder Insignia Active (1956–1994, 1994–2001); 2001–present Country …   Wikipedia

  • Airmobile Operations Division (Germany) — Airmobile Operations Division Division Luftbewegliche Operationen Airmobile Operations Division Shoulder Insignia Active In current form: July 2002 present Co …   Wikipedia

  • 1st Parachute Division (Germany) — The German 1st Parachute Division was a German military parachute landing Division that fought during World War II. A division of paratroopers was termed a Fallschirmjäger Division. It was originally raised as the 7th Flieger , or Air Division,… …   Wikipedia

  • 169th Infantry Division (Germany) — The German 169th Infantry Division was a German military unit during World War II.The division was formed in 1939. It took part in Operation Fall Gelb and stayed in France until being transferred to Finnish Lapland in 1941. The division was part… …   Wikipedia

  • Germany — /jerr meuh nee/, n. a republic in central Europe: after World War II divided into four zones, British, French, U.S., and Soviet, and in 1949 into East Germany and West Germany; East and West Germany were reunited in 1990. 84,068,216; 137,852 sq.… …   Universalium


Share the article and excerpts

Direct link
Do a right-click on the link above
and select “Copy Link”

We are using cookies for the best presentation of our site. Continuing to use this site, you agree with this.