Some of the earliest sources on Sandalphon refer to him as the
prophet Elijahtransfigured and elevated to angelic status.Davidson, Gustav (1967), "A Dictionary of Angels, Including The Fallen Angels", p. 257, Library of Congress Catalog Card Number: 66-19757] Other sources (mainly from the midrashic period) describe him as the "twin brother" of Metatron, whose human origin as Enoch was similar to the human origin of Sandalphon. [ [http://www.steliart.com/angelology_angel_princes.html Angel Princes] ] Whatever his origin, Sandalphon figures prominently in the mystical literary traditions of Rabbinic Judaismand early Christianity, notably in the Midrash, Talmud, and Kabbalah. Other sources, possibly even more ancient than others, says that Sandalphon is female, and that she is the female counterpart of Metatron.
Meaning of name
The name "Sandalphon" is of uncertain derivation. Possibly it comes from the Greek "sandalion", meaning "sandal"; thus meaning "one who wears sandals". It is also possibly derived from the Greek prefix "sym-"/"syn-", meaning "together", and "adelphos", meaning "brother"; thus approximately meaning "co-brother", since the modern Greek word for "co-worker", "synadelfos" ("συνάδελφος"), has these roots. This probably refers to Sandalphon's relationship to Metatron, though this derivation shows uncertain
Semiticinfluences. [ [http://www.jewishencyclopedia.com/view.jsp?artid=223&letter=S Sandalfon] at [http://www.jewishencyclopedia.com/ JewishEncyclopedia.com] ]
Descriptions and functions
Physical descriptions of Sandalphon vary depending on the source. He is uniformly depicted as extremely tall—he exceeds
Hadraniel(another angel) in height by a 500-year foot journey. [ [http://www.thechristianrabbi.org/whoismetatron.htm "Who is Metatron"] at [http://www.thechristianrabbi.org Hebrew Witness] ] During Moses' visit to the Third Heaven, he is said to have glimpsed Sandalphon and called him the "tall angel" (though this legend dates to much later than the time of the Torah). The Babylonian Talmud "Hagigah" 13b says Sandalphon's head reaches Heaven, which is also said of Israfeland of the Greek giant Typhon, with whom Sandalphon seems to have similar mythological roots. He is also described as being a member of the "Sarim" (angelic princes), and a "Hazzan" (master of heavenly song).
The Greater Key of Solomon, Sandalphon is designated "the left-hand feminine cherubof the Ark". In the liturgy for the Jewish Feast of Tabernacles, he is credited with gathering the prayers of the faithful, making a garland of such prayers, and then "adjuring them to ascend as an orb to the supreme King of Kings". In Enoch chapter 3, he is the ruler of the Sixth Heaven ("makom") but in the Zoharhe is "chief of the Seventh Heaven". According to Islamiclore, he dwells in the Fourth Heaven.Lewis, James R., Oliver, Evelyn Dorothy, Sisung Kelle S. (Editor) (1996), "Angels A to Z", Entry: Sandalphon, p. 352, 353, Visible Ink Press, ISBN 0-7876-0652-9] As Michael does, he carries on a ceaseless battle with Samael(perhaps Satan), angel of evil.
The ancient sages also referred to him by the name Ophan (Hebrew for "wheel"), a reference to the "wheel within the wheel" from
Ezekiel's vision of the merkabah(heavenly chariot) in Ezekiel chapter 1. [Pick, Bernard (1913), [http://www.sacred-texts.com/jud/cab/cab04.htm "The Cabala", Chapter 2: "The Development of the Cabala in The Pre-Zohar Period,"] at [http://www.sacred-texts.com sacred-texts.com] ] Sandalphon is also said to be instrumental in bringing about the differentiation of sex in the embryo.Lewis, James R., Oliver, Evelyn Dorothy, Sisung Kelle S. (Editor) (1996), "Angels A to Z", Entry: Sandalphon, p. 352, 353, Visible Ink Press, ISBN 0-7876-0652-9]
Kabbalah, Sandalphon is the angel who represents the sephirahof "Malkhut" [ [http://www.yashanet.com/studies/revstudy/rev6b.htm "The World of Beriah (Creation),"] A Study of The Book of Revelation at [http://www.yashanet.com/ Yashanet] ] and overlaps (or is confused with) the angel Metatron. He is said to appear before the feminine presence of the ShekhinahDavidson, Gustav (1967), "A Dictionary of Angels, Including The Fallen Angels", p. 257, Library of Congress Catalog Card Number: 66-19757] and supposedly receives the prayers of humans and sends them to God.
*Sandalphon appears in the game
Persona 3as the most powerful personaof the moon arcana.
*Other references to Sandalphon include the poem "Sandalphon" by
Henry Wadsworth Longfellow, in which he is referred to as the "Angel of Glory" and "Angel of Prayer". [ [http://www.hwlongfellow.org/poems_poem.php?pid=142 "Sandalphon"] by H.W. Longfellow]
*Sandalphon is also referenced in the game
Silent Hill 3[ [http://silent-hill.generalanswers.org/ General Answers: Silent Hill] ] by appearing as the Lakeside Amusement Park's pink mascot, Robbie the Rabbit.
*Sandalphon is also one of the angels appearing in Neon Genesis Evangelion. See
Angel (Neon Genesis Evangelion). [ [http://www.animanga.com/scripts/textesgb/eva23.html Transcript of Neon Genesis Evangelion Episode 23] ]
*Sandalphon also plays a major role in
Angel Sanctuaryas the twin brother of Metatron. [ [http://www.marsimport.com/display_comic?ID=11814 Review of Angel Sanctuary 16] on [http://www.marsimport.com/ MarsImport.com] ]
*Sandalphon appears in the
role-playing game Shadow Hearts[ [http://faqs.ign.com/articles/362/362336p1.html Shadow Hearts walkthrough] ] as one of Yuri's fusions.
*In the Lucifer series by DC comics, Sandalphon is an angel who captured
Michael Demiurgosin an attempt to leech his power. [ [http://www.dcuguide.com/who.php?name=lucifer The Unofficial Lucifer Morningstar Biography] ]
*In the manga "
O-Parts Hunter" series by Seishi Kishimoto, Ruby Cresent is Sandalaphon's recipe.
*Sandalaphon (along with Metatron) appear as characters in the video game
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