Oaklyn, New Jersey


Oaklyn, New Jersey
Oaklyn, New Jersey
—  Borough  —
Oaklyn highlighted in Camden County
Census Bureau map of Oaklyn, New Jersey
Coordinates: 39°54′07″N 75°04′50″W / 39.90194°N 75.08056°W / 39.90194; -75.08056Coordinates: 39°54′07″N 75°04′50″W / 39.90194°N 75.08056°W / 39.90194; -75.08056
Country United States
State New Jersey
County Camden
Incorporated March 13, 1905
Government
 – Type Borough (New Jersey)
 – Mayor Mike LaMaina
Area
 – Total 0.7 sq mi (1.8 km2)
 – Land 0.6 sq mi (1.6 km2)
 – Water 0.1 sq mi (0.2 km2)
Elevation[1] 30 ft (9 m)
Population (2010 Census)
 – Total 4,038
 – Density 6,824.2/sq mi (2,634.8/km2)
Time zone Eastern (EST) (UTC-5)
 – Summer (DST) EDT (UTC-4)
ZIP code 08107
Area code(s) 856
FIPS code 34-53880[2][3]
GNIS feature ID 0885331[4]
Website http://www.oaklyn-nj.com

Oaklyn is a Borough in Camden County, New Jersey, United States. As of the 2010 United States Census, the borough population was 4,038.

Oaklyn was incorporated as a borough by an Act of the New Jersey Legislature on March 13, 1905, from portions of Haddon Township.[5]

Contents

Geography

Oaklyn is located at 39°54′07″N 75°04′49″W / 39.902063°N 75.080389°W / 39.902063; -75.080389 (39.902063, -75.080389).[6]

According to the United States Census Bureau, the borough has a total area of 0.7 square miles (1.8 km2), of which, 0.6 square miles (1.6 km2) of it is land and 0.1 square miles (0.26 km2) of it (11.43%) is water.

History

The area now known as Oaklyn was once dense forest land which was inhabited by the Lenape Native Americans, until 1681 when a group of Quakers from Wickloe, Ireland sailed up the Delaware River and settled on Newton Creek. The leader of these Quakers, William Bates, purchased 250 acres (1.0 km2) on the south side of Newton Creek from the local Native Americans. This became known as the Newton Colony.

The Colony began to grow rapidly and the land was cleared for farming. Eventually two highways were laid out. One, from the Delaware River to Egg Harbor, followed an old Native American trail, which is today the Black Horse Pike. The other was known as the Long-a-coming trail, which extended from Atlantic City to Berlin and then from Berlin to Camden. This trail is now known as the White Horse Pike.

After the American Revolutionary War, a group of Virginia sportsmen built a racetrack on the east side of the White Horse Pike. President Ulysses S. Grant visited this track as a young man before it closed in 1846.

A Samuel Bettle bought the land which was formerly the racetrack and eventually, the land was deeded to Haddon Township.

As the years passed, the farms along Newton Creek were divided into lots and the development called "Oakland the Beautiful." The name was changed to Oaklyn in 1894 to avoid confusion with another Oakland in North Jersey. Finally, in 1905, Oaklyn broke away from Haddon Township and became an independent borough governed by a mayor and six councilmen.

Oaklyn borders Audubon, Audubon Park, Collingswood, and Haddon Township.

Demographics

Historical populations
Census Pop.
1930 3,843
1940 3,869 0.7%
1950 4,889 26.4%
1960 4,778 −2.3%
1970 4,626 −3.2%
1980 4,223 −8.7%
1990 4,430 4.9%
2000 4,188 −5.5%
2010 4,038 −3.6%
Population 1930 - 1990[7]

As of the census[2] of 2000, there were 4,188 people, 1,791 households, and 1,067 families residing in the borough. The population density was 6,824.2 people per square mile (2,650.8/km2). There were 1,893 housing units at an average density of 3,084.6 per square mile (1,198.2/km2). The racial makeup of the borough was 95.92% White, 1.15% African American, 0.21% Native American, 0.96% Asian, 0.02% Pacific Islander, 0.84% from other races, and 0.91% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 2.32% of the population.

There were 1,791 households out of which 27.0% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 43.9% were married couples living together, 11.8% had a female householder with no husband present, and 40.4% were non-families. 34.3% of all households were made up of individuals and 14.1% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.34 and the average family size was 3.07.

In the borough the population was spread out with 22.8% under the age of 18, 7.9% from 18 to 24, 30.8% from 25 to 44, 21.7% from 45 to 64, and 16.8% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 38 years. For every 100 females there were 94.6 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 89.3 males.

The median income for a household in the borough was $44,364, and the median income for a family was $55,434. Males had a median income of $37,474 versus $30,243 for females. The per capita income for the borough was $24,157. About 5.2% of families and 6.5% of the population were below the poverty line, including 7.5% of those under age 18 and 8.2% of those age 65 or over.

Government

Local government

Oaklyn is governed under the Borough form of New Jersey municipal government. The government consists of a Mayor and a Borough Council comprising six council members, with all positions elected at large. A Mayor is elected directly by the voters to a four-year term of office. The Borough Council consists of six members elected to serve three-year terms on a staggered basis, with two seats coming up for election each year.[8]

Oaklyn Borough's Mayor is Mike LaMaina. Members of the Oaklyn Borough Council (with their departmental assignments in parentheses) are Council President Robert Forbes (Public Safety), Michael Powell (Planning & Zoning), Michael Ritchie (Finance), Ron Aron (Buildings & Grounds), James Rafferty (Public Works), Dawn Dezii (Recreation and Senior Affairs).[9]

Emergency services

The Oaklyn Fire Department (Station 18-3) is responsible for fire protection in the Borough of Oaklyn and until December 2007 was responsible for Haddon Township Fire District 3, which paid the Borough of Oaklyn for fire protection through tax money it collected from its residents. Fire District 3 covers the Bettlewood, Heather Glen, and Heather Woods sections of Haddon Township. This was a long standing agreement that existed since 1905. From 1902 when the Oaklyn fire service was established until 1905, Oaklyn and the Bettlewood section were both in Haddon Twp. Subsequently the Oaklyn Fire Company No. 1 of the Oaklyn section of Haddon Township provided fire protection to the whole area, as it was and still is a continuous land mass. When Oaklyn seceded from the Township in 1905 there was an agreement made between Oaklyn Borough and Haddon Township that Oaklyn would still protect the District 3 section since they were much closer and the fire apparatus was horse drawn at the time. This relationship continued for another 102 years until January 2008. Currently, Fire District 3 is protected by Westmont Fire Co. # 1 pursuant to three consecutive one year agreements.

The Oaklyn Fire Company No. 1 (Station 18-1) was established in 1902 (predating the borough's establishment) and was located on Newton Avenue near the Suburban Lumber Company, which ironically has been the site of several famous Camden County fires occurring in the 1950s, 1980s, and 1990s. The Oaklyn Fire Co. building still stands today as a private residence. The company was formed by Oaklyn residents who had been volunteering their services at the nearby Defender Fire Company (Station 1-2), which was located in the community of Orston (then another section of Haddon Township, now part of Audubon borough). Until the formation of the Oaklyn Fire Company, the Defender Fire Company handled firefighting duties in the Borough of Oaklyn (The Defender Fire Company was subsequently taken over by the Audubon Fire Department (Station 1-1) as of 1996).

The Welcome Fire Company (Station 18-2) was established in 1906 and was located at the corner of the White Horse Pike and West Clinton Avenue. Today, the building houses the Oaklyn Police Department and Borough Hall and stands next to the current fire station. The Welcome Fire Company was established when residents who wished to volunteer with the Oaklyn Fire Company found they had filled their roster and were not "welcoming" any new members, hence their name.

The current incarnation of the Oaklyn Fire Department was established in 1976 when Oaklyn Fire Company No. 1 and the Welcome Fire Company consolidated their services. David Aron was the first Chief following the merger, previously serving as Chief of the Welcome Fire Company. The current Fire Chief is Mark Quinter.

Federal, state and county representation

Oaklyn is in the 1st Congressional district. New Jersey's First Congressional District is represented by Rob Andrews (D, Haddon Heights). New Jersey is represented in the United States Senate by Frank Lautenberg (D, Cliffside Park) and Bob Menendez (D, Hoboken).

Oaklyn is in the 6th District of the New Jersey Legislature, which is represented in the New Jersey Senate by James Beach (D, Voorhees Township) and in the New Jersey General Assembly by Louis Greenwald (D, Voorhees Township) and Pamela Rosen Lampitt (D, Cherry Hill).[10]

Camden County is governed by a Board of Chosen Freeholders, its seven members elected at-large to three-year terms office on a staggered basis, with two or three seats coming up for election each year.[11] As of 2011, Camden County's Freeholders are Freeholder Director Louis Cappelli, Jr. (Collingswood, term ends December 31, 2011)[12], Freeholder Deputy Director Edward McDonnell (Pennsauken Township, 2013)[13], Riletta L. Cream (Camden, 2011)[14], Rodney A. Greco (Gloucester Township, 2012)[15], Ian K. Leonard (Camden, 2012)[16], Jeffrey L. Nash (Cherry Hill, 2012)[17] and Carmen Rodriguez (Merchantville, 2013).[18][19][20][21]

Education

Oaklyn Public School District consists of two separate schools within one building. Schools in the district (with 2005-06 enrollment data from the National Center for Education Statistics[22]) are Oaklyn Elementary School for kindergarten through sixth grades (329 students) and Oaklyn Junior High School for grades seven through nine (124 students). Oaklyn Public School serves students from the Borough of Hi-Nella in grades Kindergarten through eighth as part of a sending/receiving relationship.[23]

Public school students in tenth through twelfth grades attend Collingswood High School as part of a sending/receiving relationship with the Collingswood Public Schools.[24] The relationships with Collingswood and Hi-Nella have been in place for over 40 years.

Transportation

New Jersey Transit bus service to Philadelphia is available on the 400 and 403 routes, with local service on the 450 route.[25]

Notable residents

Notable current and former residents of Oaklyn include:

References

  1. ^ U.S. Geological Survey Geographic Names Information System: Borough of Oaklyn, Geographic Names Information System, accessed January 4, 2008.
  2. ^ a b "American FactFinder". United States Census Bureau. http://factfinder.census.gov. Retrieved 2008-01-31. 
  3. ^ A Cure for the Common Codes: New Jersey, Missouri Census Data Center. Accessed July 14, 2008.
  4. ^ "US Board on Geographic Names". United States Geological Survey. 2007-10-25. http://geonames.usgs.gov. Retrieved 2008-01-31. 
  5. ^ "The Story of New Jersey's Civil Boundaries: 1606-1968", John P. Snyder, Bureau of Geology and Topography; Trenton, New Jersey; 1969. p. 108.
  6. ^ "US Gazetteer files: 2010, 2000, and 1990". United States Census Bureau. 2011-02-12. http://www.census.gov/geo/www/gazetteer/gazette.html. Retrieved 2011-04-23. 
  7. ^ New Jersey Resident Population by Municipality: 1930 - 1990, Workforce New Jersey Public Information Network. Accessed March 1, 2007.
  8. ^ 2005 New Jersey Legislative District Data Book, Rutgers University Edward J. Bloustein School of Planning and Public Policy, April 2005, p. 33.
  9. ^ Government, Borough of Oaklyn. Accessed November 2, 2010.
  10. ^ "Legislative Roster: 2010-2011 Session". New Jersey Legislature. http://www.njleg.state.nj.us/members/roster.asp. Retrieved 2010-02-08. 
  11. ^ What is a Freeholder?, Camden County, New Jersey. Accessed January 3, 2011.
  12. ^ Louis Cappelli, Jr., Camden County, New Jersey. Accessed January 6, 2011.
  13. ^ Edward McDonnell, Camden County, New Jersey. Accessed January 6, 2011.
  14. ^ Riletta L. Cream, Camden County, New Jersey. Accessed January 6, 2011.
  15. ^ Rodney A. Greco, Camden County, New Jersey. Accessed January 6, 2011.
  16. ^ Ian K. Leonard, Camden County, New Jersey. Accessed January 6, 2011.
  17. ^ Jeffrey L. Nash, Camden County, New Jersey. Accessed January 6, 2011.
  18. ^ Carmen Rodriguez, Camden County, New Jersey. Accessed January 6, 2011.
  19. ^ Board of Freeholders, Camden County, New Jersey. Accessed January 3, 2011.
  20. ^ "Louis Cappelli Jr. and Edward McDonnell re-elected to leadership posts on Camden County Freeholder Board at Today’s Reorganization Meeting", Camden County, New Jersey press release dated January 5, 2011. Accessed January 6, 2011.
  21. ^ Osborne, James. "Democrats retain hold on Camden County freeholder board", The Philadelphia Inquirer, November 3, 2010. Accessed January 6, 2011.
  22. ^ Data for the Oaklyn Public Schools, National Center for Education Statistics. Accessed June 14, 2008.
  23. ^ Board of Education, Oaklyn Public School. Accessed June 14, 2008. "The Board comprises nine residents of Oaklyn and one representative from Hi-Nella, our sending district."
  24. ^ Collingswood High School, South Jersey magazine. Accessed November 18, 2007. "Collingswood High School serves about 850 students in grades nine through twelve from the Collingswood, Oaklyn, and Woodlynne school districts"
  25. ^ Camden County Bus/Rail Connections, New Jersey Transit. Accessed June 21, 2007.
  26. ^ Tom Deery, College Football Hall of Fame. Accessed February 8, 2011.

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