Coldingham


Coldingham
Coldingham High Street.
The parish church built using stones from the priory

Coldingham is a historic village in Berwickshire, Scottish Borders, on Scotland's southeast coastline, north of Eyemouth.

As early as AD 660, Coldingham was the site of a religious establishment[citation needed] of high order, when it is recorded that Etheldreda, the queen of Egfrid, became a nun at the Abbey of Coldingham, then under the management of Æbbe the Elder, aunt of her husband. Bede describes it as "the Monastery of Virgins" and states that in 679 the monastery burnt down. It was rebuilt, but was again destroyed by fire at the hands of a raiding party of Danes in 870. This time the ruins were not rebuilt, it would appear, until 1098, when the Priory of Coldingham was founded by King Edgar in honour of St. Cuthbert of Lindisfarne. It became the caput for the Barony of Coldingham, with the prior as the feudal lord.

The priory continued in its religious purposes until 1560[citation needed], when it was partially destroyed during the Scottish Reformation. However, a portion of it continued its religious activities until 1650, when it was fortified against Oliver Cromwell. After a siege of two days, the main tower in which the besieged defended themselves was so shattered by artillery that they were forced to capitulate. This great tower of the original priory finally collapsed about 1777. The ruins of about 40% of the original priory church were reconstructed in 1855; it is today used as the parish church, and is the most notable building in the parish.

Nearby Coldingham Bay has a sandy secluded beach popular with surfers, with rows of beach huts.

Contents

Gallery

See also

References

  • History of the Priory of Coldingham by William King Hunter, Edinburgh & London, 1858.

External links


Coordinates: 55°53′N 2°10′W / 55.883°N 2.167°W / 55.883; -2.167


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Look at other dictionaries:

  • Coldingham —    COLDINGHAM, a parish, in the county of Berwick; including the tract of Laverock, and the late quoad sacra district of Houndwood; and containing 2830 inhabitants, of whom a considerable portion reside in the village of Coldingham, 3 miles from… …   A Topographical dictionary of Scotland

  • Coldingham — Coldingham, Flecken in der schottischen Grafschaft Berwick; 2000 Ew. Dabei der Sumpf Coldingham Moor …   Pierer's Universal-Lexikon

  • Coldingham — 55°53′20″N 2°9′50″O / 55.88889, 2.16389 …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Coldingham Priory — Monastery information Order Benedictine Established x 1139 …   Wikipedia

  • Coldingham Loch — is a loch in the parish of Coldingham, in the Scottish Borders area of Scotland, in the former Berwickshire, between Coldingham Moor and St Abb s Head. The loch is a natural spring fed 22 acre (8.9 ha) loch, about 300 yards (270  …   Wikipedia

  • Coldingham Bay — A panorama shot of Coldingham Sands from Homeli Knoll, the village of St Abbs is just visible over the headland. Coldingham Bay is an inlet in the North Sea coast, just over three km north of the town of Eyemouth in the Scottish Borders area of… …   Wikipedia

  • Prior of Coldingham — The Prior of Coldingham was the head of the Benedictine monastic community of Coldingham Priory in Berwickshire. Coldingham Priory was founded in the reign of David I of Scotland, although his older brother and predecessor King Edgar of Scotland… …   Wikipedia

  • Francis Stewart, 1st Earl of Bothwell — Francis Stewart, Earl Bothwell (b. c December 1562 d. April 1612, Naples), was Commendator of Kelso Abbey and Coldingham Priory, a Privy Counsellor and Lord High Admiral of Scotland. Like his stepfather, Archibald Douglas, Parson of Douglas, he… …   Wikipedia

  • Aebbe the Elder — Infobox Saint name=St Aebbe the Elder birth date=c.615 death date=683 feast day= August 25 venerated in= imagesize= caption= birth place=Northumbria, England death place=Coldingham, Scotland titles= beatified date= beatified place= beatified by=… …   Wikipedia

  • Ayton —    AYTON, a post town and parish, in the county of Berwick, 7½ miles (N. W. by N.) from Berwick on Tweed, and 47½ (E. by S.) from the city of Edinburgh; containing about 1700 inhabitants. This place, which takes its name from the water of Eye, on …   A Topographical dictionary of Scotland


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