Edward Norton Lorenz


Edward Norton Lorenz

Infobox Scientist
box_width = 300px
name = Edward Norton Lorenz


image_width = 200px
caption = Edward Norton Lorenz
birth_date = birth date|1917|5|23
birth_place = West Hartford, Connecticut, United States
death_date = death date and age|2008|4|16|1917|5|23
death_place = Cambridge, Massachusetts, United States
residence = United States
fields = Mathematics and Meteorology
workplaces = Massachusetts Institute of Technology
alma_mater = Dartmouth College
Harvard University
Massachusetts Institute of Technology
doctoral_advisor = James Murdoch Austin
academic_advisor =
doctoral_students = Kevin E. Trenberth
notable_students =
known_for = Chaos theory
Lorenz attractor
Butterfly effect
influences =
influenced =
awards = Kyoto Prize (1991)


footnotes =

Edward Norton Lorenz (May 23, 1917 – April 16, 2008 [ [http://web.mit.edu/newsoffice/2008/obit-lorenz-0416.html Edward Lorenz, father of chaos theory and butterfly effect, dies at 90 - MIT News Office ] ] ) was an American mathematician and meteorologist, and a pioneer of chaos theory. He discovered the strange attractor notion and coined the term "butterfly effect".

Early career

Lorenz was born in West Hartford, Connecticut.MIT Tech Talk, 1991-06-26, [http://web.mit.edu/newsoffice/tt/1991/24996/24998.html Lorenz Receives 1991 Kyoto Prize] ] He studied mathematics at both Dartmouth College in New Hampshire and Harvard University in Cambridge, Massachusetts. During World War II, he served as a weather forecaster for the United States Army Air Corps. After his return from the war, he decided to study meteorology. Lorenz earned two degrees in the area from the Massachusetts Institute of Technology where he later was a professor for many years.

Research

Lorenz built a mathematical model of the way air moves around in the atmosphere. As Lorenz studied weather patterns he began to realize that they did not always change as predicted. Minute variations in the initial values of variables in his twelve variable computer weather model (c. 1960) would result in grossly divergent weather patterns. This sensitive dependence on initial conditions came to be known as the butterfly effect. [Term first recorded from Lorenz's Address at the Annual Meeting of the American Association for the Advancement of Science, in Washington, December 29, 1979.]

Lorenz went on to explore the underlying mathematics and published his conclusions in a seminal work titled "Deterministic Nonperiodic Flow", in which he described a relatively simple system of equations that resulted in a very complicated dynamical object now known as the Lorenz attractor.

He was awarded the Kyoto Prize in 1991 and cited for "profoundly [influencing] a wide range of basic sciences and brought about one of the most dramatic changes in mankind’s view of nature since Sir Isaac Newton." [cite news|url=http://www.nytimes.com/2008/04/17/us/17lorenz.html?_r=1&ref=us&oref=slogin |title=Edward N. Lorenz, a Meteorlogist and Father of Chaos Theory, Dies at 90 |publisher=NY Times |date=2008-04-16]

Later life

Lorenz continued to be active in his work well into his seventies, winning the Kyoto Prize for basic sciences, in the field of earth and planetary sciences, in 1991. [ [http://www.reuters.com/article/newsOne/idUSN1632944820080416 Edward Lorenz, father of chaos theory, dead at 90 | U.S. | Reuters ] ] In his later years, he lived in Cambridge, Massachusetts. He was an avid outdoorsman, who enjoyed hiking, climbing, and cross-country skiing. He kept up with these pursuits until very late in his life, and managed to continue most of his regular activities until only a few weeks before his death. According to his daughter, Cheryl Lorenz, Lorenz had "finished a paper a week ago with a colleague." [ [http://www.nytimes.com/2008/04/17/us/17lorenz.html?ref=us Edward N. Lorenz, a Meteorologist and a Father of Chaos Theory, Dies at 90 - New York Times ] ] On April 16, 2008, Lorenz died at his home in Cambridge at the age of 90, having suffered from cancer. [ [http://edition.cnn.com/2008/TECH/04/16/lorenz.obit.ap/?iref=hpmostpop Edward Lorenz, father of chaos theory, dies at age 90 - CNN.com ] ]

Awards

Professor Emeritus at MIT since 1981, Lorenz has received many awards for his work, including:

*1969 Carl Gustaf Rossby Research Medal, American Meteorological Society.
*1973 Symons Memorial Gold Medal, Royal Meteorological Society.
*1975 Fellow, National Academy of Sciences (U.S.A.).
*1981 Member, Norwegian Academy of Science and Letters.
*1983 Crafoord Prize, Royal Swedish Academy of Sciences.
*1984 Honorary Member, Royal Meteorological Society.
*1991 Kyoto Prize for "‘… his boldest scientific achievement in discovering "deterministic chaos" .’".
*2004 Buys Ballot medal.

elected publications

* 1955 Available potential energy and the maintenance of the general circulation. "Tellus". Vol.7
* 1963 Deterministic nonperiodic flow. "Journal of Atmospheric Sciences". Vol.20 : 130—141 [http://ams.allenpress.com/perlserv/?request=get-abstract&doi=10.1175%2F1520-0469(1963)020%3C0130%3ADNF%3E2.0.CO%3B2 link] [According to the Web of Science online academic database, this paper has received at least 4000 unique citations by subsequent authors, making it one of the most-cited papers of all time.] .
* 1967 The nature and theory of the general circulation of atmosphere. "World Meteorological Organization". No.218
* 1969 Three approaches to atmospheric predictability. "American Meteorological Society". Vol.50
* 1976 Nondeterministic theories of climate change. "Quaternary Research". Vol.6
* 1990 Can chaos and intransitivity lead to interannual variability? "Tellus". Vol.42A
* 2005 Designing Chaotic Models. "Journal of the Atmospheric Sciences": Vol. 62, No. 5, pp. 1574–1587.

References

External links

* [http://paoc.mit.edu/paoc/people/person.asp?position=Emeritus&who=lorenz Edward N. Lorenz at MIT's website]
* [http://www.necsi.org/events/iccs/video/iccs2002wednesday/3-lorenzclip.html Video clip of Edward N. Lorenz speaking at the International Conference on Complex Systems, hosted by the New England Complex Systems Institute (NECSI)]
* [http://www.telegraph.co.uk/news/main.jhtml?xml=/news/2008/04/18/db1801.xml Obituary] , "Daily Telegraph", 18 April 2008.
* [http://www.imdb.com/title/tt0243135/ Le battement d'ailes du papillon (a film by Laurent Firode, with Audrey Tautou, released in 2000)]


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  • Edward Norton Lorenz — (* 23. Mai 1917 in West Hartford, Connecticut; † 16. April 2008 in Cambridge, Massachusetts) war ein US amerikanischer Mathematiker und Meteorologe. Er gilt als Vater der Chaostheorie und des Schmetterlingseffekts.[1] Inha …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Edward Norton Lorenz — Edward Lorenz Pour les articles homonymes, voir Lorenz. Edward Norton Lorenz est un scientifique américain né le 23 mai 1917 à West Hartford, dans le Connecticut, décédé le 16 avril 2008 à Cambridge (MA)[1] …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Edward N. Lorenz — Edward Norton Lorenz (* 23. Mai 1917 in West Hartford, Connecticut; † 16. April 2008 in Cambridge, Massachusetts) war ein US amerikanischer Mathematiker und Meteorologe. Er gilt als Vater der Chaostheorie und des Schmetterlingseffekts.[1]… …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Edward N. Lorenz — Edward Lorenz Pour les articles homonymes, voir Lorenz. Edward Norton Lorenz est un scientifique américain né le 23 mai 1917 à West Hartford, dans le Connecticut, décédé le 16 avril 2008 à Cambridge (MA)[1] …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Lorenz , Edward Norton — (1917–) American meteorologist Born in West Hartford, Connecticut, Lorenz was educated at Dartmouth College, New Hampshire, at Harvard, and at the Massachusetts Institute of Technology. He joined the MIT faculty in 1946 and served as professor of …   Scientists

  • Lorenz, Edward Norton — ▪ 2009       American meteorologist and mathematician born May 23, 1917, West Hartford, Conn. died April 16, 2008, Cambridge, Mass. was considered the father of modern chaos theory. In his effort to predict the weather by using computers, Lorenz… …   Universalium

  • Lorenz, Edward (Norton) — born May 23, 1917, West Hartford, Conn., U.S. U.S. meteorologist. Following degrees from Dartmouth College and Harvard University in mathematics, he turned to weather forecasting in 1942 with the U.S. Army Air Corps. After World War II he joined… …   Universalium

  • Lorenz, Edward (Norton) — (n. 23 may. 1917, West Hartford, Conn., EE.UU.). Meteorólogo estadounidense. Después de obtener grados en matemática en el Dartmouth College y en la Universidad de Harvard, en 1942 se dedicó al pronóstico meteorológico en el Cuerpo de ingenieros… …   Enciclopedia Universal

  • Edward Lorenz — Edward Norton Lorenz (* 23. Mai 1917 in West Hartford, Connecticut; † 16. April 2008 in Cambridge, Massachusetts) war ein US amerikanischer Mathematiker und Meteorologe. Er gilt als Vater der Chaostheorie und des Schmetterlingseffekts.[1] Inha …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Edward Lorenz — Saltar a navegación, búsqueda Para el físico y matemático holandés Lorentz, véase Hendrik Antoon Lorentz. Edward Norton Lorenz (23 de mayo de 1917 – 16 de abril de 2008) fue un matemático y meteórologo estadounidense, pionero en el desarrollo de… …   Wikipedia Español


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