KLK4


KLK4

Kallikrein-related peptidase 4, also known as KLK4, is a human gene.cite web | title = Entrez Gene: KLK4 kallikrein-related peptidase 4| url = http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/sites/entrez?Db=gene&Cmd=ShowDetailView&TermToSearch=9622| accessdate = ]

PBB_Summary
section_title =
summary_text = Kallikreins are a subgroup of serine proteases having diverse physiological functions. Growing evidence suggests that many kallikreins are implicated in carcinogenesis and some have potential as novel cancer and other disease biomarkers. This gene is one of the fifteen kallikrein subfamily members located in a cluster on chromosome 19. In some tissues its expression is hormonally regulated. The expression pattern of a similar mouse protein in murine developing teeth supports a role for the protein in the degradation of enamel proteins. Alternate splice variants for this gene have been described, but their biological validity has not been determined.cite web | title = Entrez Gene: KLK4 kallikrein-related peptidase 4| url = http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/sites/entrez?Db=gene&Cmd=ShowDetailView&TermToSearch=9622| accessdate = ]

References

Further reading

PBB_Further_reading
citations =
*cite journal | author=Clements J, Hooper J, Dong Y, Harvey T |title=The expanded human kallikrein (KLK) gene family: genomic organisation, tissue-specific expression and potential functions. |journal=Biol. Chem. |volume=382 |issue= 1 |pages= 5–14 |year= 2001 |pmid= 11258672 |doi=
*cite journal | author=Simmer JP, Fukae M, Tanabe T, "et al." |title=Purification, characterization, and cloning of enamel matrix serine proteinase 1. |journal=J. Dent. Res. |volume=77 |issue= 2 |pages= 377–86 |year= 1998 |pmid= 9465170 |doi=
*cite journal | author=Nelson PS, Gan L, Ferguson C, "et al." |title=Molecular cloning and characterization of prostase, an androgen-regulated serine protease with prostate-restricted expression. |journal=Proc. Natl. Acad. Sci. U.S.A. |volume=96 |issue= 6 |pages= 3114–9 |year= 1999 |pmid= 10077646 |doi=
*cite journal | author=Stephenson SA, Verity K, Ashworth LK, Clements JA |title=Localization of a new prostate-specific antigen-related serine protease gene, KLK4, is evidence for an expanded human kallikrein gene family cluster on chromosome 19q13.3-13.4. |journal=J. Biol. Chem. |volume=274 |issue= 33 |pages= 23210–4 |year= 1999 |pmid= 10438493 |doi=
*cite journal | author=Yousef GM, Obiezu CV, Luo LY, "et al." |title=Prostase/KLK-L1 is a new member of the human kallikrein gene family, is expressed in prostate and breast tissues, and is hormonally regulated. |journal=Cancer Res. |volume=59 |issue= 17 |pages= 4252–6 |year= 1999 |pmid= 10485467 |doi=
*cite journal | author=DuPont BR, Hu CC, Reveles X, Simmer JP |title=Assignment of serine protease 17 (PRSS17) to human chromosome bands 19q13.3-->q13.4 by in situ hybridization. |journal=Cytogenet. Cell Genet. |volume=86 |issue= 3-4 |pages= 212–3 |year= 2000 |pmid= 10575207 |doi=
*cite journal | author=Hu JC, Zhang C, Sun X, "et al." |title=Characterization of the mouse and human PRSS17 genes, their relationship to other serine proteases, and the expression of PRSS17 in developing mouse incisors. |journal=Gene |volume=251 |issue= 1 |pages= 1–8 |year= 2000 |pmid= 10863090 |doi=
*cite journal | author=Gan L, Lee I, Smith R, "et al." |title=Sequencing and expression analysis of the serine protease gene cluster located in chromosome 19q13 region. |journal=Gene |volume=257 |issue= 1 |pages= 119–30 |year= 2001 |pmid= 11054574 |doi=
*cite journal | author=Obiezu CV, Diamandis EP |title=An alternatively spliced variant of KLK4 expressed in prostatic tissue. |journal=Clin. Biochem. |volume=33 |issue= 7 |pages= 599–600 |year= 2001 |pmid= 11124349 |doi=
*cite journal | author=Takayama TK, Carter CA, Deng T |title=Activation of prostate-specific antigen precursor (pro-PSA) by prostin, a novel human prostatic serine protease identified by degenerate PCR. |journal=Biochemistry |volume=40 |issue= 6 |pages= 1679–87 |year= 2001 |pmid= 11327827 |doi=
*cite journal | author=Korkmaz KS, Korkmaz CG, Pretlow TG, Saatcioglu F |title=Distinctly different gene structure of KLK4/KLK-L1/prostase/ARM1 compared with other members of the kallikrein family: intracellular localization, alternative cDNA forms, and Regulation by multiple hormones. |journal=DNA Cell Biol. |volume=20 |issue= 7 |pages= 435–45 |year= 2001 |pmid= 11506707 |doi= 10.1089/104454901750361497
*cite journal | author=Takayama TK, McMullen BA, Nelson PS, "et al." |title=Characterization of hK4 (prostase), a prostate-specific serine protease: activation of the precursor of prostate specific antigen (pro-PSA) and single-chain urokinase-type plasminogen activator and degradation of prostatic acid phosphatase. |journal=Biochemistry |volume=40 |issue= 50 |pages= 15341–8 |year= 2002 |pmid= 11735417 |doi=
*cite journal | author=Hural JA, Friedman RS, McNabb A, "et al." |title=Identification of naturally processed CD4 T cell epitopes from the prostate-specific antigen kallikrein 4 using peptide-based in vitro stimulation. |journal=J. Immunol. |volume=169 |issue= 1 |pages= 557–65 |year= 2002 |pmid= 12077288 |doi=
*cite journal | author=Strausberg RL, Feingold EA, Grouse LH, "et al." |title=Generation and initial analysis of more than 15,000 full-length human and mouse cDNA sequences. |journal=Proc. Natl. Acad. Sci. U.S.A. |volume=99 |issue= 26 |pages= 16899–903 |year= 2003 |pmid= 12477932 |doi= 10.1073/pnas.242603899
*cite journal | author=Grimwood J, Gordon LA, Olsen A, "et al." |title=The DNA sequence and biology of human chromosome 19. |journal=Nature |volume=428 |issue= 6982 |pages= 529–35 |year= 2004 |pmid= 15057824 |doi= 10.1038/nature02399
*cite journal | author=Xi Z, Klokk TI, Korkmaz K, "et al." |title=Kallikrein 4 is a predominantly nuclear protein and is overexpressed in prostate cancer. |journal=Cancer Res. |volume=64 |issue= 7 |pages= 2365–70 |year= 2004 |pmid= 15059887 |doi=
*cite journal | author=Hart PS, Hart TC, Michalec MD, "et al." |title=Mutation in kallikrein 4 causes autosomal recessive hypomaturation amelogenesis imperfecta. |journal=J. Med. Genet. |volume=41 |issue= 7 |pages= 545–9 |year= 2004 |pmid= 15235027 |doi=
*cite journal | author=Gerhard DS, Wagner L, Feingold EA, "et al." |title=The status, quality, and expansion of the NIH full-length cDNA project: the Mammalian Gene Collection (MGC). |journal=Genome Res. |volume=14 |issue= 10B |pages= 2121–7 |year= 2004 |pmid= 15489334 |doi= 10.1101/gr.2596504
*cite journal | author=Veveris-Lowe TL, Lawrence MG, Collard RL, "et al." |title=Kallikrein 4 (hK4) and prostate-specific antigen (PSA) are associated with the loss of E-cadherin and an epithelial-mesenchymal transition (EMT)-like effect in prostate cancer cells. |journal=Endocr. Relat. Cancer |volume=12 |issue= 3 |pages= 631–43 |year= 2005 |pmid= 16172196 |doi= 10.1677/erc.1.00958

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