- Energy Information Administration
Infobox Government agency
agency_name = United States
Energy Information Administration
type = Agency
seal_width = 140px
October 1, 1977
Federal government of the United States
Washington, D.C.| employees =
budget = [http://www.eia.doe.gov/neic/aboutEIA/budget.html $95.5 Million] (FY2008)
chief1_name = Guy Caruso
chief1_position = Administrator
chief2_name = Howard Gruenspecht
chief2_position = Deputy Administrator
United States Department of Energy
website = [http://www.eia.doe.gov/ www.eia.doe.gov]
Address = 1000 Independence Ave., SW, Washington, DC 20585The United States Energy Information Administration (EIA), created by Congress in
1977, is the independent statistical agency within the U.S. Department of Energy. EIA's mission is to provide policy-independent data, forecasts, and analyses to promote sound policy making, efficient markets, and public understanding regarding energy and its interaction with the economy and the environment.
The agency collects data on
energy reserves, production, consumption, distribution, prices, technology, and related international, economic, and financial matters. This information is disseminated as policy-independent data, forecasts, and analyses. EIA publishes long- and short-term energy forecasts. EIA programs cover data on coal, petroleum, natural gas, electric, renewable and nuclear energy.
By law, EIA's products are prepared independently of policy considerations. EIA neither formulates nor advocates any policy conclusions. The Department of Energy Organization Act allows EIA's processes and products to be independent from review by
Executive Branchofficials; specifically Section 205(d) says:
"The Administrator shall not be required to obtain the approval of any other officer or employee of the Department in connection with the collection or analysis of any information; nor shall the Administrator be required, prior to publication, to obtain the approval of any other officer or employee of the United States with respect to the substance of any statistical or forecasting technical reports which he has prepared in accordance with law." [http://www.eia.doe.gov/neic/aboutEIA/independ.htm]
Products, Publications, and Databases
1000 Independence Ave., SW
Washington, DC 20585]
More than 2 million people use EIA's information online each month. EIA's most popular products include:
* [http://tonto.eia.doe.gov/oog/info/twip/twip.asp This Week in Petroleum] : Weekly summary and explanation of events in U.S. and world petroleum markets.
* [http://tonto.eia.doe.gov/oog/info/gdu/gasdiesel.asp Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update] : Weekly price data for U.S. national and regional averages.
* [http://tonto.eia.doe.gov/country/index.cfm Country Energy Profiles] : Data through 2006 by country, region, and commercial group (OECD, OPEC) for 215 countries and in-depth analysis for 151 countries.
* [http://www.eia.doe.gov/emeu/steo/pub/contents.html Short Term Energy Outlook] : Energy projections for the next 18 months, updated monthly.
* [http://www.eia.doe.gov/oiaf/aeo/index.html Annual Energy Outlook] : Projection and analysis of U.S. energy supply, demand, and prices through 2030 based on EIA's National Energy Modeling System. Projections are always based on current legislation.
* [http://www.eia.doe.gov/oiaf/ieo/index.html International Energy Outlook] : EIA's assessment of the outlook for international energy markets through 2030.
* [http://www.eia.doe.gov/emeu/mer/contents.html Monthly Energy Review] : Provides statistics on monthly and annual U.S. national
energyconsumption going back approximately 30 years, broken down by source in downloadable BTUs.)
* [http://www.eia.doe.gov/emeu/aer/contents.html Annual Energy Review] : EIA's primary report of historical annual energy statistics. For many series, data begins with the year 1949.
* [http://www.eia.doe.gov/cabs/ Country Analysis Briefs] : EIA's in-depth analyses of energy production, consumption, imports, and exports for more than 50 individual countries and regions.
Legislation Affecting EIA
Federal Energy Administration Act of 1974, Public Law 93-275, as amended, created the first U.S. agency with the primary focus on energy and mandated it to collect, assemble, evaluate, and analyze energy information. It also provided FEA with data collection enforcement authority for gathering data from energy producing and major consuming firms. Section 52 of the FEA Act mandated establishment of the National Energy Information System to"…contain such energy information as is necessary to carry out the Administration’s statistical and forecasting activities…"
Department of Energy Organization Act of 1977, Public Law 95-91, created the Department of Energy. Section 205 of this law established the Energy Information Administration (EIA) to carry out a
. . . central, comprehensive, and unified energy data and information program which will collect, evaluate, assemble, analyze, and disseminate data and information which is relevant to energy resource reserves, energy production, demand, and technology, and related economic and statistical information, or which is relevant to the adequacy of energy resources to meet demands in the near and longer term future for the Nation’s economic and social needs.
The same law established that EIA's processes and products are independent from review by Executive Branch officials.
The majority of EIA energy data surveys are based on the general mandates set forth above. However, there are some surveys specifically mandated by law, including:
* EIA-28, [http://www.eia.doe.gov/emeu/finance/frsdata.html Financial Reporting System] - Section 205(h) of the DOE Organization Act.
* EIA-1605 and 1605EZ, [http://www.eia.doe.gov/oiaf/1605/frntvrgg.html Voluntary Reporting of Greenhouse Gases] - Section 1605(b) of the
Energy Policy Act of 1992.
* EIA-886, [http://www.eia.doe.gov/cneaf/alternate/page/atftables/afvtransfuel_II.html Annual Survey of Alternative Fueled Vehicle Suppliers and Users] - Section 503(b) of the
Energy Policy Act of 1992.
* EIA-858, [http://www.eia.doe.gov/cneaf/nuclear/umar/umar.html Uranium Marketing Annual Survey] - Section 1015 of the
Energy Policy Act of 1992.
* EIA-846A-C, [http://www.eia.doe.gov/emeu/mecs/contents.html Manufacturing Energy Consumption Survey] - Section 205(i) of the DOE Organization Act (the Act calls for a biennial survey; however, this survey is done quadrennially due to resource constraints).
* EIA-457A-G, [http://www.eia.doe.gov/emeu/recs/contents.html Residential Energy Consumption Survey] - Section 205(k) of the DOE Organization Act (the Act calls for a triennial survey; however, this survey is done quadrennially due to resource constraints).
* EIA-871A-F, [http://www.eia.doe.gov/emeu/cbecs/contents.html Commercial Buildings Energy Consumption Survey] - Section 205(k) of the DOE Organization Act (the Act calls for a triennial survey; however, this survey is done quadrennially due to resource constraints).
* Petroleum Marketing Surveys - Section 507 of Part A of Title V of the
Energy Policy and Conservation Act of 1975broadly directs EIA to collect information on the pricing, supply, and distribution of petroleum products by product category at the wholesale and retail levels, on a State-by-State basis, which was collected as of September 1, 1981, by the Energy Information Administration.
[http://www.eia.doe.gov Energy Information Administration Website]
* [http://www.eia.doe.gov/ EIA (Energy Information Administration) home page]
* [http://www.eia.doe.gov/press.html EIA Press Releases]
* [http://www.doe.gov US Department of Energy home page]
* [http://tonto.eia.doe.gov/oog/info/gdu/gasdiesel.asp Gasoline and diesel fuel prices] ,
* [http://www.eia.doe.gov/fuelrenewable.html Renewable energies] .
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