- Cornish, New Hampshire
Cornish, New Hampshire — Town — Sullivan County, New Hampshire Coordinates: Coordinates: Country United States State New Hampshire County Sullivan Incorporated 1765 Government - Board of Selectmen John Hammond, Chair
Area - Total 42.8 sq mi (111.0 km2) - Land 42.1 sq mi (109.1 km2) - Water 0.7 sq mi (1.9 km2) 1.68% Elevation 466 ft (142 m) Population (2010) - Total 1,640 - Density 38.3/sq mi (14.8/km2) Time zone Eastern (UTC-5) - Summer (DST) Eastern (UTC-4) ZIP code 03745 Area code(s) 603 FIPS code 33-15060 GNIS feature ID 0873571 Website www.cornishnh.net
Established in 1763, the town was once known as Mast Camp, because it was the shipping point for the tall masts floated down the river by English settlers. Incorporated in 1765 by Colonial Governor Benning Wentworth, it was named for Sir Samuel Cornish, a distinguished admiral of the Royal Navy. Cornish has historically been and continues to be a well-known summer resort for artists and writers. Seeking a studio away from the summer heat of New York City, sculptor Augustus Saint-Gaudens began coming to Cornish in 1885. Artist friends followed him, and the area became center of the popular Cornish Art Colony.
Cornish is the site of the second longest wooden covered bridge in the United States, and the longest two-span covered bridge in the world. The Cornish-Windsor Covered Bridge, which spans the Connecticut River, was built in 1866 at an original cost of $9,000.
According to the United States Census Bureau, the town has a total area of 42.8 square miles (111 km2), of which 42.1 sq mi (109 km2) is land and 0.7 sq mi (1.8 km2) is water, comprising 1.68% of the town. The long ridge of Croydon Mountain follows the eastern boundary of town; the highest point in town is an unnamed knob on Croydon Mountain which reaches an elevation of 2,323 ft (708 m) above sea level. Cornish is drained by Mill Brook, Blow-me-down Brook, and the Connecticut River, which bounds it on the west. Cornish lies fully within the Connecticut River watershed. The eastern part of the town is a portion of the approximately 25,000-acre (100 km2) Blue Mountain Forest Association private game preserve, also known locally as Corbin Park, named after its founder, Austin Corbin.
As of the census of 2000, there were 1,661 people, 645 households, and 465 families residing in the town. The population density was 39.4 people per square mile (15.2/km²). There were 697 housing units at an average density of 16.5 per square mile (6.4/km²). The racial makeup of the town was 97.71% White, 0.30% African American, 0.30% Native American, 0.12% Asian, 0.12% Pacific Islander, 0.30% from other races, and 1.14% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 0.48% of the population.
There were 645 households out of which 32.2% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 62.9% were married couples living together, 5.4% had a female householder with no husband present, and 27.8% were non-families. 21.2% of all households were made up of individuals and 7.4% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.57 and the average family size was 3.02.
In the town the population was spread out with 25.9% under the age of 18, 3.8% from 18 to 24, 26.4% from 25 to 44, 31.8% from 45 to 64, and 12.2% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 42 years. For every 100 females there were 100.1 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 100.2 males.
The median income for a household in the town was $53,393, and the median income for a family was $60,313. Males had a median income of $36,115 versus $29,474 for females. The per capita income for the town was $23,165. About 2.8% of families and 4.5% of the population were below the poverty line, including 5.8% of those under age 18 and 5.5% of those age 65 or over.
Sites of interest
- Balloch, New Hampshire
- Blow-Me-Down Covered Bridge
- Cornish-Windsor Covered Bridge
- Saint-Gaudens National Historic Site
- Champion S. Chase, politician
- Jonathan Chase, Revolutionary War officer
- Philander Chase, founder of Kenyon College
- Salmon P. Chase, justice of the U.S. Supreme Court, was born here
- Winston Churchill, writer
- Thomas Wilmer Dewing, painter
- Michael Dorris, author
- Julie Duncan, actress
- Louise Erdrich, author
- Hamlin Garland, author
- Christian Gerhartsreiter, impostor
- Learned Hand, judge
- Percy MacKaye, playwright and poet
- Charles A. Platt, architect
- Samuel L. Powers, congressman
- Augustus Saint-Gaudens, sculptor
- Louis St. Gaudens, sculptor
- J. D. Salinger, writer
- Nathan Smith, physician, founder of Dartmouth and Yale medical schools
- Nathan Ryno Smith, surgeon and professor
- Gary A. Wegner, astronomer
- Woodrow Wilson, US President (summer resident at author Winston Churchill's Harlakenden House)
- ^ United States Census Bureau, American FactFinder, 2010 Census figures. Retrieved March 23, 2011.
- ^ Coolidge, Austin J.; John B. Mansfield (1859). A History and Description of New England. Boston, Massachusetts. pp. 460–461. http://books.google.com/books?id=OcoMAAAAYAAJ&lpg=PA9&ots=cUndZkVSIF&dq=coolidge%20mansfield%20history%20description%20new%20england%201859&pg=PA460#v=onepage&q&f=false.
- ^ Cornish Arts Colony in Cornish and Plainfield, New Hampshire 1885-1930
- ^ Foster, Debra H.; Batorfalvy, Tatianna N.; and Medalie, Laura (1995). Water Use in New Hampshire: An Activities Guide for Teachers. U.S. Department of the Interior and U.S. Geological Survey. http://nh.water.usgs.gov/Publications/nh.intro.html.
- ^ "American FactFinder". United States Census Bureau. http://factfinder.census.gov. Retrieved 2008-01-31.
- ^ Katie Zezima, "Cornish Journal: J. D. Salinger a Recluse? Well, Not to His Neighbors", New York Times, January 31, 2010.
- ^ Wade, M; Tracy, S.P.; Wood, D.C. (1976). A brief history of Cornish,1763-1974. for the Town of Cornish by University Press of New England. ISBN 9780874511291. http://books.google.com/books?id=57wMAAAAYAAJ.
- Town website
- George H. Stowell Free Library
- Cornish Fair
- local web site Cornish details & links
- Yahoo's Cornish neighborhood profile
- detailed Cornish statistics
- Corbin Park info
- Land Use in Cornish, N.H., a 2006 documentary presentation by James M. Patterson of the Valley News
- New Hampshire Economic and Labor Market Information Bureau Profile
Municipalities and communities of Sullivan County, New Hampshire City Towns Villages
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