Huancayo


Huancayo

Infobox City
official_name = Huancayo
other_name =
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motto = La Ciudad Incontrastable
(The Uncontrastable City)



image_caption = The "Plaza Constitución" in Huancayo
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seal_size = 80px



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map_caption = Location in Peru
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subdivision_type = Country
subdivision_name = Peru
subdivision_type1 = Region
subdivision_name1 = Junin
subdivision_type2 = Province
subdivision_name2 = Huancayo
subdivision_type3 = District
subdivision_name3 = Huancayo
subdivision_type4 =
subdivision_name4 =
government_type = Democracy
leader_title = Mayor
leader_name = Freddy Arana Velarde
established_title = Founded
established_date = 1 june 1572
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unit_pref = Metric
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population_total = 323,054.
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timezone = PET
utc_offset = -5
timezone_DST = PET
utc_offset_DST = -5
latd = 12
latm = 4
lats =
latNS = S
longd = 75
longm = 13
longs =
longEW = W
elevation_footnotes =
elevation_m = 3,259
elevation_ft = 10692.26
postal_code_type =
postal_code =
area_code = 64
website = *es icon Official|http://www.geocities.com/wanka_huancayo/
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Huancayo ("Wankayu" in Quechua) is the capital of the Junín Region, in the central highlands of Peru. It is located in Huancayo Province, of which it is also capital. Situated near the Mantaro Valley at an altitude of 3,271 meters, it has a population of 323,054. Huancayo is the cultural and commercial center of the whole central Peruvian Andes area.

The area was originally inhabited by the Wankas. At around 500 CE, they were incorporated into the Wari empire. Despite efforts to defend its independence, the Wankas were eventually subdued by the Inca leader Pachacutec in 1460 and the region was incorporated into the Inca empire. It subsequently became a notable stopping point along the Inca "Camino Real".

After the Spanish colonization (1534), Huancayo was overshadowed by Jauja, 18 km to the north, which the conquistador Francisco Pizarro established as a provisional capital of Peru until Lima took over that role.

In 1570, the viceroy Francisco de Toledo established the site as the center of his "encomienda" "Guancayo". The town was officially established on June 1 1572 with the title of "Santísima Trinidad de Huancayo". During the war for independence, Huancayo was liberated on 20 November 1820. Construction on the cathedral commenced in 1831.

Today, in addition to its importance as a center of commerce, Huancayo is known for the crafts and the many festivals of the surrounding towns. Having rapidly expanded in recent decades, it has few remaining colonial buildings; the cityscape is dominated by modern constructions. The city is served by the Francisco Carle Airport located in Jauja but travelers usually use the Limean Airport.

Notable Natives

* Víctor Alberto Gil Mallma - (1930 - 1975) Musician
* Rodolfo Cerrón Palomino - Linguist
* Josué Sánchez - (1945 - ) Painter

External links

*es icon [http://www.arzhuancayoperu.org/ Archdiocese of Huancayo]
*es icon [http://huancayo.mywebcommunity.org/ Community of Huancayo]
*es icon [http://www.geocities.com/wanka_huancayo/ Unofficial Huancayo Site]


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Look at other dictionaries:

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  • Huancayo — (del quechua Wankayuq, «lugar de la peña») es la capital de la Región Junín y de la provincia de Huancayo. ubicado principalmente en el distrito homónimo. Huancayo es conocida por su feria artesanal que se establece todos los domingos en la… …   Enciclopedia Universal

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  • Huancayo — Santísima Trinidad de Huancayo Bandera …   Wikipedia Español

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