Newington, New Hampshire


Newington, New Hampshire
Newington, New Hampshire
—  Town  —
Langdon Library

Seal
Location in Rockingham County, New Hampshire
Coordinates: 43°06′00″N 70°50′01″W / 43.1°N 70.83361°W / 43.1; -70.83361Coordinates: 43°06′00″N 70°50′01″W / 43.1°N 70.83361°W / 43.1; -70.83361
Country United States
State New Hampshire
County Rockingham
Incorporated 1764
Government
 – Board of Selectmen Jan Stuart
Cosmas Iocovozzi
Jack O'Reilly
Area
 – Total 12.5 sq mi (32.3 km2)
 – Land 8.2 sq mi (21.2 km2)
 – Water 4.2 sq mi (11.0 km2)  34.25%
Elevation 79 ft (24 m)
Population (2010)
 – Total 753
 – Density 60.4/sq mi (23.3/km2)
Time zone Eastern (UTC-5)
 – Summer (DST) Eastern (UTC-4)
ZIP code 03801
Area code(s) 603
FIPS code 33-51620
GNIS feature ID 0873680
Website www.newington.nh.us

Newington is a town in Rockingham County, New Hampshire, United States. The population was 753 at the 2010 census.[1] It is bounded to the west by Great Bay, northwest by Little Bay and northeast by the Piscataqua River. It is home to Portsmouth International Airport at Pease (formerly Pease Air Force Base), and to the New Hampshire National Guard. The 110-acre (45 ha) Old Town Center Historic District is listed on the National Register of Historic Places.

Contents

History

State historical marker

Originally a part of Dover, boundary disputes among early river settlers caused this area to be called Bloody Point.[2] By 1640, Trickey's Ferry operated between Bloody Point and Hilton's Point in Dover. In 1712, the meetinghouse was erected and the parish set off, named Newington for an English village, whose residents sent the bell for the meetinghouse. Behind the meetinghouse is a row of horse sheds, once commonplace but now rare. About 1725 the parsonage was built near the Town Forest, considered one of the oldest in the America. The town would be incorporated in 1764 by Colonial Governor Benning Wentworth. In 1794, a bridge was completed across Little Bay from Fox Point in Newington to the south bank of the Bellamy River in Dover, by way of Goat Island—a major engineering feat in its day.

In 1952, the House Armed Services Committee authorized acquiring by eminent domain large tracts to create Pease Air Force Base, which opened on June 30, 1956. Approximately 60% of the installation lay in Newington, including land in the town's center. It would be, however, the first base recommended to be closed by the 1988 Commission on Base Realignment and Closure. Military personnel in 1990 began leaving the base, which officially closed on March 31, 1991. Although the Air National Guard retained some property, the old base has been extensively redeveloped as the Pease International Tradeport, a business park.[3]

In the 1970s and 1980s, commercial development from neighboring Portsmouth spread into Newington. The Newington Mall opened in the 1970s (replaced by the Crossings at Fox Run in the 2000s), followed by the Fox Run Mall.

Geography

According to the United States Census Bureau, the town has a total area of 12.5 square miles (32.4 km2), of which 8.2 square miles (21.2 km2) is land and 4.2 square miles (10.9 km2) is water, comprising 34.25% of the town.[4] The highest elevation in Newington is 120 feet (37 m) above sea level, within the bounds of the Pease International Airport.

The town is crossed by U.S. Route 4 and New Hampshire Route 16.

Demographics

As of the census[5] of 2000, there were 775 people, 294 households, and 209 families residing in the town. The population density was 92.7 people per square mile (35.8/km²). There were 305 housing units at an average density of 36.5 per square mile (14.1/km²). The racial makeup of the town was 96.00% White, 1.81% African American, 0.26% Native American, 1.03% Asian, and 0.90% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 1.81% of the population.

There were 294 households out of which 28.2% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 59.5% were married couples living together, 6.8% had a female householder with no husband present, and 28.9% were non-families. 21.8% of all households were made up of individuals and 8.2% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.55 and the average family size was 3.01.

In the town the population was spread out with 21.9% under the age of 18, 4.6% from 18 to 24, 28.4% from 25 to 44, 32.1% from 45 to 64, and 12.9% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 43 years. For every 100 females there were 98.7 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 93.9 males.

The median income for a household in the town was $59,464, and the median income for a family was $76,202. Males had a median income of $48,750 versus $30,250 for females. The per capita income for the town was $30,172. About 5.0% of families and 4.6% of the population were below the poverty line, including 4.8% of those under age 18 and 5.3% of those age 65 or over.

In 2004, roughly 70% of party registered voters in Newington were registered to the Republican party. [1]

Politics

In August 2001, a group of townspeople from Newington and Rye made a plea in protest to the state legislature to consider allowing the town to secede from the state due to disproportionate property tax laws which had been passed by the state in 1997 to balance the state's education economy.[6] The dispute was largely quelled by the lack of support for the movement, as only 52 of the town's 700+ (and 100 of Rye's 5,000) residents signed the petition. The property tax issue itself quieted as Governor Craig Benson announced in 2003 the property taxes would be cut almost by half by 2008.

Site of interest

Notable resident

  • John Pickering (judge)

References

External links


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