Ethyl nitrite


Ethyl nitrite
Ethyl nitrite
Identifiers
PubChem 8026
ChemSpider 7735 YesY
Jmol-3D images Image 1
Properties
Molecular formula C2H5NO2
Molar mass 75.07 g mol−1
Boiling point

17 °C, 290 K, 63 °F

 YesY (verify) (what is: YesY/N?)
Except where noted otherwise, data are given for materials in their standard state (at 25 °C, 100 kPa)
Infobox references

The chemical compound ethyl nitrite is an alkyl nitrite. It may be prepared from ethanol.[1]

Preparation of ethyl nitrite.png

Ethyl nitrite is the main ingredient in a traditional ethanol-based South African remedy for colds and flu known as Witdulsies and sold in pharmacies. It is known as a traditional Afrikaans remedy and may have Dutch roots, as the same remedy is apparently made by the Germano-Dutch Amish people in the USA. However FDA has blocked over-the-counter sales of this same remedy, known in the USA as sweet nitrite or sweet spirit of nitre since 1980.[2]

References

  1. ^ Semon, W. L.; Damerell, V. R. (1943), "Dimethylglyoxime", Org. Synth., http://www.orgsyn.org/orgsyn/orgsyn/prepContent.asp?prep=cv2p0204 ; Coll. Vol. 2: 204 
  2. ^ http://www.fda.gov/Drugs/DevelopmentApprovalProcess/DevelopmentResources/Over-the-CounterOTCDrugs/StatusofOTCRulemakings/ucm072140.htm

External links


Wikimedia Foundation. 2010.

Look at other dictionaries:

  • ethyl nitrite — n a pale yellow flammable volatile liquid ester C2H5NO2 having a pleasant odor …   Medical dictionary

  • ethyl nitrite — /ɛθəl ˈnaɪtraɪt/ (say ethuhl nuytruyt) noun the ethyl ester of nitrous acid, a colourless, volatile liquid, C2H5ONO. Also, nitrous ether …   Australian English dictionary

  • ethyl nitrite — Chem. a colorless or yellowish, very volatile, highly aromatic, flammable liquid, C2H2NO2, used chiefly in the preparation of organic substances. Also called nitrous ether. [1865 70] * * * …   Universalium

  • ethyl nitrite — noun : a pale yellow flammable volatile liquid ester C2H5ONO of ethereal odor * * * Chem. a colorless or yellowish, very volatile, highly aromatic, flammable liquid, C2H2NO2, used chiefly in the preparation of organic substances. Also called… …   Useful english dictionary

  • ethyl nitrite spirit — n a solution of ethyl nitrite in alcohol formerly used as a diuretic and diaphoretic …   Medical dictionary

  • ethyl nitrite spirit — noun : a solution of ethyl nitrite in alcohol formerly used as a diuretic and diaphoretic called also spirit of nitrous ether, sweet spirit of nitre * * * Pharm. a four percent solution of ethyl nitrite in alcohol, formerly used in medicine as a… …   Useful english dictionary

  • ethyl nitrite spirit — Pharm. a four percent solution of ethyl nitrite in alcohol, formerly used in medicine as a diaphoretic, diuretic, and antispasmodic. Also called spirit of nitrous ether, sweet spirit of nitre. * * * …   Universalium

  • Nitrite d'éthyle — Général Nom IUPAC …   Wikipédia en Français

  • nitrite — /nuy truyt/, n. 1. Chem. a salt or ester of nitrous acid. 2. Nutrition. See sodium nitrite. [1790 1800; NITR + ITE1] * * * Any salt or ester of nitrous acid (HNO2). The salts are inorganic compounds with ionic bonds, containing the nitrite ion… …   Universalium

  • Amyl nitrite — Not to be confused with amyl nitrate. Amyl nitrite …   Wikipedia