Gabbai


Gabbai

A Gabbai ( _he. גבאי) (or sometimes: Shamash שמש} is a person who assists in the running of a synagogue and ensures that the needs are met, for example the Jewish prayer services run smoothly, or an assistant to a rabbi (particularly the secretary or personal assistant to a Hassidic Rebbe). A gabbai's obligations might also include maintaining a Jewish cemetery.

In many synagogues the gabbai is not a permanent job like the one described above but rather a role in the Torah service. The gabbai stands next to the Torah reader, holding a version of the text with vowels and trop markings (which are not present in the actual Torah scroll), and follows along in order to correct the reader if he makes an error (e.g., mispronounces a word, or skips a word).

The gabbai is also responsible for calling congregants up to the Torah.


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  • GABBAI — (Heb. גַּבַּאי, גַּבַּי), lay communal official. Derived from the Hebrew gavah (גָּבָה – to exact payment), the word is actually part of the complete title gabbai ẓedakah (charity warden) and all the relevant regulations, such as that individuals …   Encyclopedia of Judaism

  • Gabbai — ist: in der Religion des Judentums ein dienstliches Amt einer jüdischen Person, die für den reibungslosen Betrieb der Synagoge, der synagogalen Gottesdienste und zur Unterstützung des Rabbiners zuständig ist, siehe Gabbai (Synagoge). Gabbai ist… …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Gabbaï — Le Gabbaï est un homme s occupant de la synagogue et plus de ce qu il s y passe, et c est en fait ce qui le différencie du chamach. Effectivement, le chamach s occupe plus des affaires techniques de la synagogue tel que les évènements se… …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Gabbai — El Gabbai (también escrito como Gabay o Gabai), es el encargado de mantenimiento de la Sinagoga, o templo judío. Normalmente es nombrado por la comunidad y puede ser rentado o voluntario, siendo un cargo honorífico. Categorías:… …   Wikipedia Español

  • Gabbai — Seph. /gah buy /; Ashk. /gah buy/; Eng. /geuh buy /, n., pl. Gabbaim Seph. /gah bah eem /; Ashk. /gah buy im/, Eng. Gabbais. (sometimes l.c.) Hebrew. 1. a minor official of a synagogue, having limited ceremonial or administrative functions. 2.… …   Universalium

  • gabbai — noun An assistant in a synagogue …   Wiktionary

  • gabbai — gab·bai …   English syllables

  • gabbai — …   Useful english dictionary

  • GABBAI, MEIR BEN EZEKIEL IBN — (1480–after 1540), kabbalist of the generation of Spanish exiles. The details of his life are not known. Apparently he lived in Turkey and possibly died in Ereẓ Israel. He wrote three books dealing with the principal problems of Kabbalah. They… …   Encyclopedia of Judaism


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