Bapudham Motihari
—  city  —
Bapudham Motihari
Location of Bapudham Motihari
in Bihar and India
Coordinates 26°39′N 84°55′E / 26.65°N 84.92°E / 26.65; 84.92Coordinates: 26°39′N 84°55′E / 26.65°N 84.92°E / 26.65; 84.92
Country India
State Bihar
District(s) Purvi Champaran
Parliamentary constituency Purvi Champaran
Assembly constituency Motihari
Population 101,506 (2001)
Time zone IST (UTC+05:30)


62 metres (203 ft)


Motihari (Hindi: मोतिहारी) is the headquarters of East Champaran district (Purvi Champaran district) in the Indian state of Bihar.



In 1866 Champaran was made into a district with Motihari as its headquarters. On 1 December 1977 the Champaran district was divided into two districts, and Motihari became the headquarters of East Champaran district. The municipality of Motihari was established in 1879. Though no authentic data is available, one of the oldest structures in Motihari appears to be the Briksha Sthan Math, a temple of the guardian deity of Motihari, dating back to 1805. During the British era the town flourished and it became one of the important centers in North Bihar.

To know more about Motihari, go to


Motihari is around 165 km from Patna, the capital of Bihar, 50 km from Bettiah, and 82 km from Muzaffarpur. The city is very close to Nepal. Birgunj, the second largest city of Nepal, is 55 km away. The closest villages are Madhubani ghat, Sirsha, Batraulia etc.


As of 2011 India census,[1] Motihari has an urban population of 1,73,359 with 54% males, 46% females, and 15% of the population is under 6 years of age. Motihari has an average literacy rate of 69%, higher than the Indian national average of 59.5%. rural population is 28,69,702

Notable people

George Orwell

George Orwell, author of books Animal Farm and Nineteen Eighty-Four, was born in Motihari in 1903. His father, Richard Walmesley Blair. was a deputy posted in the opium department in Bihar. However, when he was one year old, George left for England with his mother and sister.

Until recently, the town of Motihari was largely unaware of its connection with Orwell. In 2003, Motihari discovered its role in Orwell's life when a number of journalists arrived in the city for Orwell's hundredth birthday. Local officials are making plans for the construction of a museum on Orwell's life.[2][3]

Sushil Kumar

Sushil Kumar is the first contestant in the history of Indian television who could win Five Crores in Kaun Banega Crorepati Season 5. He is a modest computer operator, who lives in Motihari. He is a very humble person and wants to open a library in his hometown so that the great minds develop from his region too.[4]

Azizul Haque and Fingerprint Science

Azizul Haque (Khan Bahadur Azizul Huq) was one of the two Indian police officers who worked with Edward Henry in the development of fingerprint classification, known as Henry Classification System, still widely used in the world. "It was Khan Bahadur Azizul Huq who evolved a mathematical formula to supplement Henry's idea of sorting slips in 1024 pigeon holes, based on fingerprint patterns. Rai Bahadur Hem Chandra Bose made further contribution to the fingerprint science by evolving an extended system of subclassificaiton, a telegraphic code for finger impression and a system of single-digit classificaiton.[5]

Both Haque and Bose eventually received honoraria and recognition from the Government of India. At the time of final approval of the honorarium for Haque, the Home Department (Government of India) noted, "It appears from the information now received that he (Haque) was Sir Edward Henry's principal helper in perfecting the scheme and he actually himself devised the method of classification which is in universal use. He thus contributed most materially to a discovery which is of worldwide importance and has brought a great credit to the police of India.[6] Upon retirement from the Police service in Bengal and Bihar, Khan Bahadur Azizul Huq settled in Motihari, and he is buried there.


Motihari has many educational institutions like Munshi Singh mahavidyalaya, affiliated to B.R.A.Bihar University, one of the oldest degree colleges in Champaran. Zila Government School is one of the best and oldest secondary high schools of Bihar, established in 1911 by the British government. Other notable schools are Rajiv Gandhi Memorial Secondary School(Belbanwa, Motihari), Mangal Seminary (1927), Gopal Sah Vidyalaya (1918), M.J.K. Girls High School, Gopal sah Vidyalay (previously this was Hakok Academy: in this hostel George Orwell was born).

There are also several colleges for higher learning such as Mahila College (a college for women), ANS College, S.N.S. College, L.N.D. College, K.T.College near Singhiya gumti. All are affiliated to [[B.R.A.B.U.],] an engineering college named as Motihari Engineering College was established by Bihar Government. The College of Ayurvedic and Unani Medicine (Homeopathy Medical College, Motihari) is available to provide medical education. Many people from Bihar and India attend these educational institutions.

For more about education in Motihari please visit Education in Motihari

Dr. S. P. Singh College Of Teacher Education

Dr. S.P. Singh College of Teacher Education, Motihari, East Champaran, Bihar was established in 2008. It is recognised by Eastern Regional Committee National Council for Teacher Education (NCTE) Govt. of India vide file no.BR-S/N-35/2008/1951 dated 26th October,2009 for conducting B.Ed course of secondary (level) of 1 year duration of an annual intake of 100 (one hundred) from the academic session 2009-2010.

You can also find us at NCTE's website: Name of Course:Bachelor of Education (B.Ed.)

Duration:1 Year

Eligibility for Admission: Candidates with at least 50% (fifty percent) marks either in the Bachelor’s Degree and/or in the Master’s degree, or any other qualification equivalent thereto, are eligible for admission to the programme. Admission will be granted on the basis of written test.

Intake: 100 seats (annually)

For more about education in Motihari please visit [1]

R.N.M. Ayurved College

This is the oldest college in Motihari, named for freedom fighter Shri Munshi Singh. It comes under Dr. Bhim Rao Ambedkar University, Muzzafarpur. Alongside it there are five more colleges in this town. The present college building was a jail earlier but this was converted to a college building in 1948.[7]


There are several industries in Motihari sub-division, which are small-scale industries such as a paper factory, a sugar mill, and some other small-scale industries. In a recent development a sugar factory is under development in Sariyatpur which will produce sugar, ethanol and power in several Megawatts. Motihari’s sugar mill is one of the largest in Bihar. Motihari is well connected by road and rail. The local railway station is Bapudham Motihari which is connected to all metropolitan cities and the national capital by railways. With educational institutions, mills and factories, and historical sites like Gandhi Sangrahalaya, Jheel, Gandhi Maidan, and natural scenery of the surrounding countryside bordering the foothills of the Himalayan range, Motihari is an attractive place for people to live, work, and attend educational institutions. It is also a delightful place for visiting. In the villages surrounding Motihari, most people's livelihood depends on agriculture and dairy products. The Motihari area is also known for its litchi fruit and Mitha Alua (sweet potatoes).

For more please visit


  • Someshwar Nath Temple Motihari Tourism, Areraj Shiv Mandir
    • Location-Areraj, Motihari
    • It is one of the oldest temples in Hindu mythology and its importance can be seen in the holy month of sawan.
  • Kesariya Stupa Kesariya Stupa, the highest stupa in the world
    • Largest Buddhist Stupa in the world located in kesariya.
  • Gandhi Sangrahalaya
    • Location-Motihari near Town thana
  • Jheel-also known as Motijheel
    • Location-Motihari
    • It divides the city in two parts.
  • Motihari Civil Court
    • Location-Motihari
  • M.S.(Munsi Singh)College Please visit ApnaMotihari Website for more details about Motihari.
    • Location-Motihari
  • S.N.S.(Shri Krishna Narayan Singh)College
    • Location-Motihari
  • Libraries
    • Urdu Library
      • Location-Motihari
      • It is one of the oldest libraries from the British rule
  • Navyuvak Pustakalaya
    • Location-Motihari

Gaytri Mandir Location- Motihari

    • Motihari engineering college
    • Pandit Ugam Pandey College

External links


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