Kumaoni


Kumaoni

Infobox Language
name=Kumaoni
region=Kumaon
speakers=2,360,000 (1998) [http://www.indianetzone.com/7/kumaoni_language.htm Kumaoni Language] Indian languages at indianetzone.]
familycolor=Indo-European
fam2=Indo-Iranian
fam3=Indo-Aryan
fam4=Pahari
iso3= kfy
GRN Language Number: #754 [http://globalrecordings.net/language/754] |
The Kumaoni are a people of the Kumaon Division of Uttarakhand, a region in the Indian Himalayas. Their Kumaoni language forms the Central subgroup of the Pahari languages.

Kumaoni is one of the 325 recognized Indian languages [ [http://www.hindikids.com/india_language.html INDIA LANGUAGES] Indian Languages at hindikids.] , and is spoken by over 2,360,000 (1998) people of Indian states of Uttarakhand - Almora, Nainital, Pithoragarh, Bageshwar, Champawat, Rudrapur (Udhamsingh Nagar) districts; Assam; Bihar; Delhi; Madhya Pradesh; Maharashtra and Punjab, besides being spoken in some regions of Himachal Pradesh .

Amongst its dialects, the Central Kumauni is spoken in Almora and northern Nainital, Northeastern Kumauni is in Pithoragarh, Southeastern Kumauni is in Southeastern Nainital, Western Kumauni is west of Almora and Nainital [http://www.ethnologue.com/show_language.asp?code=kfy KUMAUNI: a language of India] Ethonologue Report of Language code.] .

Dialects of Kumaon region

In all, there are 13 dialects spoken in the Kumaon region, including, Johari, Majh Kumaiya, Danpuriya, Askoti, Sirali, Soryali, Chaugarkhyali, Kumaiya, Gangola, Khasparjia, Phaldakoti, Pachhai, and Rauchaubhaisi [ [http://www.paharishabdkosh.com/ Kumaoni Language] 'G.A. Grierson', Dialects of Kumaon at paharishabdkosh.] . [http://www.uttaranchal.org.uk/dialects.php]

Dialects of Kumaoni Language

* Central Kumaoni
* North-Eastern Kumaoni
* South-Eastern Kumaoni
* Western Kumaoni
* Ashkoti
* Bhabhri of Rampur [http://www.uttaranchal.org.uk/dialects.php]
* Chaugarkhiyali
* Danpuriya
* Gangola
* Johari
* Khasparjiya
* Kumaiya
* Pachhai
* Pashchimi
* Phaldakotiya
* Rhau-Chaubhaisi
* Sirali
* Soriyali

Kumaoni literature

Kumaoni language has had many note worthy writers, prominent among them are
* Shailesh Matiyani (1931-2001)
* Mohan Upreti (1925-1997)
* Himanshu Joshi

Kumaoni in Media

Films

* 'Megha Aa', (First Kumaoni Film) [ [http://www.readers-cafe.net/shabdkosh/cinema.php Kumaoni Cinema] Pahari Shabdkosh.] . Director Kaka Sharma, Produced S S Bisht, 1987 [ [http://www.bollywoodsargam.com/video_todayfeaturedvideo.php?blockbustermovieclip=RkwwAzZLrJE---latest-Megha_Aa_-_First_Kumaoni_Film_featured_hollywood_blockbuster_video.html First Kumaoni Film] Bollywood Sargam.]
* 'Teri Saun', (First film both in Kumaoni and Garhwali) [ [http://timesofindia.indiatimes.com/articleshow/45913051.cms The Times of India] Teri Saun, 10 May 2003.] , written, produced, and directed by Anuj Joshi [ [http://nandadevi.prayaga.org/?page_id=52 Film set in 1994 Uttarakhand Movement] Nandadevi Campaign.] , 2003.
* 'Aapun Biraan' (Apne Paraye) by Shri Kartikey Cine Productions. Produced By Bhaskar Singh Rawat. 2007. Cell No. -> 9412044393.
* 'Madhuli' by Anamika Film, 2008 [ [http://www.uttarakhandandbeyond.com/index.php/Video/kumaoni-film-Madhuli.html Maduhli] Kumaoni Films at uttarakhandandbeyond.] .

Theatre

Kumaoni theatre which developed through its 'Ramleela' plays [ [http://www.iloveindia.com/indian-traditions/theatre.html Indian Traditions] Theatre at iloveindia.] , later evolved into a modern theatre form with the efforts of theatre stalwarts like Mohan Upreti and Dinesh Pandey, and groups like 'Parvatiya Kala Kendra' (started by Mohan Upreti) and 'Parvatiya Lok Kala Manch'.

Radio

* Trans World Radio (USA) - 7320 Hz (Shortwave) [ [http://users.fulladsl.be/spb13810/swlist/KUM/index.htm Shortwave Language lists] KUM Kumaoni/Kumauni.]

Further reading

* "Devidatta Sarma"; Linguistic geography of Kumaun Himalayas: A descriptive areal distribution of Kumauni language (Studies in Tibeto-Himalayan languages). Mittal Publications; 1994. ISBN 8170995299.
* "Devidatta Sarma"; The formation of Kumauni language (SILL : series in Indian languages and linguistics). Bahri Publications; 1985. ISBN 8170340055.

References

ee also

*Garhwali

External links

* [http://www.euttaranchal.com/culture/kumaon/kumaoni.php Kumaoni Language and Literature]
* [http://www.euttaranchal.com/culture/kumaon/learn_kumaoni.php Learn Kumaoni Online]
* [http://www.paharishabdkosh.com/ Online Dictionary of Kumaoni language]
* [http://globalrecordings.net/langcode/kfy ISO/Ethnologue Language code: Kumaoni Language]
* [http://kumaoni.com/listensongs/listensongs.html Kumaoni Language Songs]


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