List of monarchs of Naples


List of monarchs of Naples

The following is a list of rulers of the Kingdom of Naples, from its first separation from the Kingdom of Sicily to its merger with the same into the Kingdom of the Two Sicilies.

Portrait Name
(Lifespan)
Reign Marriages Notes
House of Anjou (1266-1382)
Charles I Charles I
(1226-1285)
1266 -
7 January 1285
Beatrice of Provence
(31 January 1246)
seven children

Margaret of Burgundy
(18 November 1268)
one child
son of Louis VIII of France.

Won the crown of Sicily as a papal fief and by conquest from the Hohenstaufen dynasty
Charles II Charles II
(1254-1309)
7 January 1285 -
5 May 1309
Maria of Hungary
(1270)
fourteen children
Son of Charles I of Naples.
Robert Robert
(1277-1343)
5 May 1309 -
20 January 1343
Yolanda of Aragon
two children

Sancha of Majorca
(July 1304)
no children
Son of Charles II.

Inherited the crown in the absence of his nephew, Charles Martel, who was busy claiming Hungary.
Joan I Joan I
(1328-1382)
20 January 1343 -
12 May 1382
Andrew, Duke of Calabria
(1334)
one child

Louis I of Naples
(20 August 1346)
two children

James IV of Majorca
(26 September 1363)
no children

Otto, Duke of Brunswick-Grubenhagen
(25 September 1376)
no children
Daughter of Charles, Duke of Calabria.

Inherited the crown from her grandfather Robert.

Dethroned by Pope Urban VI in 1381, conquered by her cousin, Charles, Duke of Durazzo, and eventually strangled in prison.
Louis I Louis I
(1320-1362)
1352-
26 May 1362
Joan I of Naples
(1334)
two children
Husband of Joan I and grandson of Charles II.

Proclaimed king in right of his wife.
House of Anjou-Durazzo (1382-1435)
Charles III Charles III
(1345-1386)
12 May 1382 –
24 February 1386
Margaret of Durazzo
(February 1369)
3 children
Son of Louis of Durazzo, great-grandson of Charles II and adopted son of Joan I.

Conquered Joan and eventually had her strangled in prison.
His rule was contested by Louis I of Anjou. Inheriting the Hungary, he was eventually murdered at Visegrád.
Charles II Ladislaus
(1376-1414)
24 February 1386 -1389
1399-6 August 1414
Constance of Clermont
(1390)
no children

Marie of Lusignan
(12 February 1403)
no children

Mary of Enghien
(1406)
no children
Son of Charles III.
He was driven from the kingdom by Louis II
House of Valois-Anjou (1389-1399/1435-1442)
The rule of the House of Durazzo was contested, as Joan I had appointed Louis I, Duke of Anjou, as her heir. The Dukes of Anjou led several military expeditions into the kingdom and reached an agreement with the House of Durazzo in 1426, succeeding them in 1435.
Louis II Louis II
(1377-1417)
1389 -
1399
Yolande of Aragon
(1400)
5 children
Son of Louis I.
Continued his father's claim and drove Ladislaus from Naples in 1389. He was ousted again in 1399.
House of Anjou-Durazzo (1266-1382)
Joan II Joan II
(1373-1435)
6 August 1414 -
2 February 1435
William, Duke of Austria
no children

James II,
Count of La Marche

(1415)
no children
Daughter of Charles III
House of Valois-Anjou (1389-1399/1435-1442)
René René
(1409-1480)
2 February 1435 - 1442 Isabelle of Lorraine
(1420)
10 children

Jeanne de Laval
(10 September 1454)
no children
Son of Louis III.
After his brother's death, he was recognised as heir by Joan II and succeeded her upon her death.

His rule was contested by Alfonso of Aragon, whom Joan II had previously appointed her heir and who conquered the kingdom in 1442, forcing René to flee.

Upon René's death, the claim to Naples was inherited by either his grandson, René II of Lorraine, or his nephew, Charles IV of Anjou, who died in 1481, leaving his claims to Louis XI of France.
House of Trastámara (1442-1501)
Alfonso Alfonso I
(1396-1458)
2 June 1442 -
27 June 1458
Maria of Castile
(1415)
no children
Son of Ferdinand I of Aragon.

He was appointed heir by Joan II in 1421, during her conflict with Louis III and persisted in his claim after falling out with Joan in 1423. He invaded the kingdom in 1436 and forced René to flee in 1442.
Ferrante I Ferdinand I
(1423-1494)
27 June 1458 -
25 January 1494
Isabella of Taranto
(1444)
six children

Joanna of Aragon
(14 September 1476)
two children
Illegitimate son of Alfonso I and iraldona Carlino.

Appointed heir in his father's testament.

Due to his illegitimate birth, his claim was controversial and contested by René's son John, Duke of Lorraine 1460-1464 and Charles VIII of France, who took up the Angevine claims, after 1493.
Alfonso II Alfonso II
(1448-1495)
25 January 1494 -
January 1495
Ippolita Maria Sforza
(10 October 1465)
three children

Trogia Gazzela
two children
Son of Ferdinand I of Naples.

Abdicated in face of the invasion of Charles VIII of France and retreated to a monastery, where he died in December 1495.
Ferdinand II Ferdinand II
(1469-1496)
January 1495 -
7 September 1496
Joan of Naples
(1496)
no children
Son of Alfonso II.

His rule was contested by Charles VIII of France.
Frederick IV Frederick
(1452-1504)
7 September 1496 -
1501
Anne of Savoy
(11 September 1478)
one child

Isabella del Balzo
(28 November 1486)
five children
Son of Ferdinand I.
He was conquered by Louis XII of France and Ferdinand II of Aragon and died in exile at Tours.
French rule (1501-1504)
Louis XII Louis III
(1462-1515)
1501-1504 Joan, Duchess of Berry
(8 September 1476)
no children

Anne of Brittany
(8 January 1499)
4 children

Mary Tudor
(9 October 1514)
no children
Taking up the Angevine claim, he conquered the kingdom but had to relinquish it to his erstwhile ally Ferdinand of Aragon after the Battle of the Garigliano.
His successors continued their claim until 1559.
Spanish rule (1504-1647)
Ferdinand III Ferdinand III
(1452-1516)
1504 -
23 January 1516
Isabella I of Castile
(19 October 1469)
five children

Germaine of Foix
(1505)
no children
Son of John II of Aragon.

Conquered the kingdom after the Battle of the Garigliano.
Joanna Joan III
(1479-1555)
23 January 1516 -
12 April 1555
Philip of Austria
(1496)
six children
Daughter of Ferdinand III.

Incapacitated due to her mental instability, the rule was exercised by her son, Charles, and her grandson, Philip.
Charles V Charles IV
(1500-1558)
23 January 1516 -
25 July 1554
Isabella of Portugal
(10 March 1526)
three children
Son of Philip of Austria and Joanne III.

also Holy Roman Emperor and King of Spain, he ruled the kingdom for his incapacitated mother.

Relinquished the rule to his son, Philip in 1554.
Philip II Philip II
(1527-1598)
25 July 1554 -
13 September 1598
Maria of Portugal
(1543)
one child

Mary I of England
(1554)
no children

Elisabeth of Valois
(1559)
two children

Anna of Austria
(4 May 1570)
five children
Son of Charles V.
Philip III Philip III
(1578-1621)
13 September 1598 -
31 March 1621
Margaret of Austria
(18 April 1599)
five children
Son of Philip II
Philip IV Philip IV
(1605-1665)
31 March 1621 -
1647
Elisabeth of Bourbon
(1615)
seven children

Mariana of Austria
(1649)
five children
Son of Philip III.

Neapolitans rebelled against his viceroys, establishing the Neapolitan Republic.
Neapolitan Republic (1647-1648)
Henry of Guise Henry II, Duke of Guise
(1614–1664)
22 October 1647 -
5 April 1648
no uncontroversial marriages Taking up the Angevine claim, Henry was appointed Doge of the Neapolitan Republic. He was captured when Naples was reconquered by the Spanish.
Spanish rule (1647-1700)
Philip IV Philip IV
(1605-1665)
1648 -
17 September 1665
Elisabeth of Bourbon
(1615)
seven children

Mariana of Austria
(1649)
five children
Son of Philip III.

Charles II Charles V
(1661-1700)
17 September 1665 -
1 November 1700
Maria Luisa of Orléans
(19 November 1679)
no children

Maria Anna of Neuburg
(14 May 1690)
no children
Son of Philip IV
War of Spanish Succession (1701—1714)
During the War of Spanish Succession, the Spanish crown was contested by Philip of Anjou, of the House of Bourbon, and Charles of Austria, of the House of Habsburg. The was concluded with the Treaty of Rastatt, which gave Spain proper to Philip but the Netherlands and Naples to Charles.
Austrian rule (1714-1734)
Charles VI Charles VI
(1685-1740)
7 March 1714 -
2 June 1734
Elisabeth Christine
(1 August 1708)
four children
Son of Emperor Leopold I.

Great-grandson of Philip II and Habsburg claimant to the Spanish crown, he won Naples in the War of Spanish Succession, but lost it to Spain in 1734 during the War of the Polish Succession.
House of Bourbon (1734-1799)
Charles VI Charles VII
(1716-1788)
2 June 1734 -
6 October 1759
Maria Amalia of Saxony
(1738)
thirteen children
Son of Philip V of Spain.

His armies conquered Naples in 1734 during the War of the Polish Succession. In 1738, the Treaty of Vienna recognized Naples as an independent kingdom under a cadet branch of the Spanish Bourbons.
Ferdinand IV Ferdinand IV
(1751-1825)
6 October 1759 -
23 January 1799
Marie Caroline of Austria
(12 May 1768)
seventeen children

Lucia Migliaccio of Floridia
(27 November 1814)
no children
Son of Charles VII.

Fled in face of the French invasion, which installed the Parthenopaean Republic.
Parthenopaean Republic (1799)
Parthenopaean Republic Directory 23 January 1799 –
13 June 1799
Installed by the French army but ended by a peasant counter-revolution.
House of Bourbon (1799-1806)
Ferdinand IV Ferdinand IV
(1751-1825)
13 June 1799 -
30 March 1806
Marie Caroline of Austria
(12 May 1768)
seventeen children

Lucia Migliaccio of Floridia
(27 November 1814)
no children
Son of Charles VII.

Restored after the demise of the Parthenopaean Republic.
Napoleonic client state (1806-1815)
Joseph I Joseph Bonaparte
(1768-1844)
30 March 1806 -
8 July 1808
Julie Clary
(1 August 1794)
three children
Son of Carlo Buonaparte.

Installed by his brother Napoleon Bonaparte as King of Naples, later replaced by his brother-in-law, Joachim Murat.
Joachim I Joachim Murat
(1767-1815)
1 August 1808 -
22 May 1815
Caroline Bonaparte
(1 August 1794)
three children
Son of Pierre Murat-Jordy.

Installed by his brother-in-law Napoleon Bonaparte as King of Naples.[1] Deposed and executed at Pizzo, Calabria after the Hundred Days.
House of Bourbon (1815-1816)
Ferdinand IV Ferdinand IV
(1751-1825)
22 May 1815 -
8 December 1816
Marie Caroline of Austria
(12 May 1768)
seventeen children

Lucia Migliaccio of Floridia
(27 November 1814)
no children
Son of Charles VII.

Restored to his kingdom after the end of Joachim Murat.

Merged the two Kingdoms of Naples and Sicily into the new Kingdom of the Two Sicilies in 1816, taking the new title of Ferdinand I, King of the Two Sicilies.

See also

References

  1. ^ First King of Two Sicilies by the Edict of Bayonne, Colletta P., History of the Kingdom of Naples: 1734-1825, p.71

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